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A2056

Sigma-Aldrich

Acetyl coenzyme A sodium salt

≥93% (HPLC), powder

Synonym(s):
Acetyl CoA, Acetyl-S- CoA
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C23H38N7O17P3S
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
809.57
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

assay

≥93% (HPLC)

form

powder

solubility

H2O: 100 mg/mL

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

[Na+].CC(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)C(O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)([O-])=O)n2cnc3c(N)ncnc23

InChI

1S/C23H38N7O17P3S.Na/c1-12(31)51-7-6-25-14(32)4-5-26-21(35)18(34)23(2,3)9-44-50(41,42)47-49(39,40)43-8-13-17(46-48(36,37)38)16(33)22(45-13)30-11-29-15-19(24)27-10-28-20(15)30;/h10-11,13,16-18,22,33-34H,4-9H2,1-3H3,(H,25,32)(H,26,35)(H,39,40)(H,41,42)(H2,24,27,28)(H2,36,37,38);/q;+1/p-1/t13-,16-,17-,18?,22-;/m1./s1

InChI key

HNLIOWFIXSPFEC-WLYMNMRISA-M

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Application

Acetyl-CoA is an essential cofactor and carrier of acyl groups in enzymatic acetyl transfer reactions. Acetyl CoA is formed either by the oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate in mitochondria, by the oxidation of long-chain fatty acids, or by the oxidative degradation of certain amino acids. Acetyl-CoA is the starting compound for the citric acid cycle (Krebs cycle). Acetyl CoA is also a key precursor in lipid biosynthesis, and the source of all fatty acid carbons. Acetyl-CoA positively regulates the activity pyruvate carboxylase. Acetyl CoA is a precursor of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Histone acetylases (HAT) use Acetyl-CoA as the donor for the acetyl group use in the post-translational acetylation reactions of histone and non-histone proteins.
An essential cofactor in enzymatic acetyl transfer reactions.

Packaging

1, 5, 10 mg in glass bottle
25, 100 mg in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Acetyl-CoA is an essential cofactor and carrier of acyl groups in enzymatic acetyl transfer reactions. It is formed either by the oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate in mitochondria, by the oxidation of long-chain fatty acids, or by the oxidative degradation of certain amino acids. Acetyl-CoA is the starting compound for the citric acid cycle (Kreb′s cycle). It is also a key precursor in lipid biosynthesis, and the source of all fatty acid carbons. Acetyl-CoA positively regulates the activity pyruvate carboxylase. It is a precursor of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Histone acetylases (HAT) use Acetyl-CoA as the donor for the acetyl group use in the post-translational acetylation reactions of histone and non-histone proteins.

Preparation Note

Prepared enzymatically

Other Notes

For more more technical information and a complete list of Coenzyme A deriviatives visit the Acyl Transfer Reagents Resource.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

  1. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  2. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  3. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  4. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  5. What is the formula weight for the Product No. A2056, Acetyl Coenzyme A?

    The formula weight for the Product No. A2056, Acetyl Coenzyme A, as reported on the website is for the free base with a weight of 809.57 daltons.

  6. For Product No. A2056, Acetyl Coeznyme A, why is the formula weight listed on the website and the formula weight listed on the label different?

    The difference in the formula weights reported for Product No. A2056, Acetyl Coenzyme A, on the website versus the label is due to the sodium and water content of the product which may vary from lot to lot.  The formula weight of the free base is reported on the website, however on the label, variations in sodium and water content will reflect differences in formula weights reported on the label for a specific lot of product.

  7. What is the solution stability for the A2056, Acetyl Coenzyme A?

    The solution stability is reported as followed:  A solution of the product can be stored in neutral buffer or below (pH 3-7) for no longer than two weeks at -20°C when divided into aliquots. This is recommended for keeping the solution stable. It would be better to prepare fresh solutions and use soon after.

  8. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

Prabhjot Singh et al.
Protein and peptide letters, 18(5), 507-517 (2011-01-18)
The distinct biochemical function of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) protein Calreticulin (CR) catalyzing the transfer of acyl group from acyloxycoumarin to a receptor protein was termed calreticulin transacylase (CRTAase). The present study, unlike the previous reports of others utilizing CR-deficient cells
Juliette Adjo Aka et al.
Handbook of experimental pharmacology, 206, 1-12 (2011-09-01)
Lysine (K) acetylation refers to transfer of the acetyl moiety from acetyl-CoA to the ε-amino group of a lysine residue. This is posttranslational and reversible, with its level dynamically maintained by lysine acetyltransferases (KATs) and deacetylases (KDACs). Traditionally, eukaryotic KDACs
Prabodh Sadana et al.
ACS chemical biology, 6(10), 1096-1106 (2011-08-06)
Thyroid hormone (T3) mediates diverse physiological functions including growth, differentiation, and energy homeostasis through the thyroid hormone receptors (TR). The TR binds DNA at specific recognition sequences in the promoter regions of their target genes known as the thyroid hormone
Ru Li et al.
Acta biochimica et biophysica Sinica, 43(11), 891-899 (2011-09-08)
Acetyl-CoA (AcCoA) synthetase (Acs) catalyzes the conversion of acetate into AcCoA, which is involved in many catabolic and anabolic pathways. Although this enzyme has been studied for many years in many organisms, the properties of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Acs and the
Yong Zhang et al.
PloS one, 11(3), e0150454-e0150454 (2016-03-02)
It is generally accepted that ATP regulates mitochondrial function through the AMPK signaling pathway. However, the AMPK-independent pathway remains largely unknown. In this study, we investigated ATP surplus in the negative regulation of mitochondrial function with a focus on pyruvate

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