Horse IgG is a plasma B cell derived antibody isotype defined by its heavy chain. IgG is the most abundant antibody isotype found in horse serum. IgG crosses the placental barrier, is a complement activator and binds to the Fc-receptors on phagocytic cells. The level of IgG may vary with the status of disease or infection.
An immunoglobulin has two heavy chain and two light chain connected by disulfide bond. It mainly helps in immune defense. It is a glycoprotein. IgG is a major class of immunoglobulin. Horse IgG has different subclasses, IgG2a, IgG2b, IgG2c, IgG1 and IgG(T). Compared to other IgG molecules, IgG(T) has more carbohydrate content. In healthy individuals, total IgG is dispersed equally between circulating plasma and interstitial fluids.
Purified horse IgG
Anti-Horse IgG (whole molecule)-Peroxidase antibody produced in rabbit has been used in:
- enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)
- HeV soluble G
- indirect ELISA (HeVsG iELISA)
Equine IgG antibodies mainly regulate mucosal and systemic immunological responses and thereby, provide protection against disease-causing pathogens such as Streptococcus equi, and the horse flu virus. Horse IgG may also function to control the advancement of EHV-1 infection .
Immunoglobulin G (IgG) participates in hypersensitivity type II and type III.
Solution in 0.01 M phosphate buffered saline, pH 7.4 containing 1% bovine serum albumin and 0.05% MIT
Prepared using the periodate method described by Wilson, M.B., and Nakane, P.K., in Immunofluorescence and Related Staining Techniques, Elsevier/North Holland Biomedical Press, Amsterdam, p215 (1978).
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