Merck
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A9361

Sigma-Aldrich

Artemether

≥98% (HPLC)

Synonym(s):
Dihydroartemisinin methyl ether, Dihydroqinghaosu methyl ether, SM-224
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C16H26O5
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
298.37
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

form

powder

optical activity

[α]/D +155 to +175°, c = 0.5 in methanol

color

off-white to light brown

solubility

DMSO: ≥20 mg/mL

originator

Novartis

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

CO[C@H]1OC2O[C@@]3(C)CCC4[C@H](C)CCC([C@H]1C)[C@@]24OO3

InChI

1S/C16H26O5/c1-9-5-6-12-10(2)13(17-4)18-14-16(12)11(9)7-8-15(3,19-14)20-21-16/h9-14H,5-8H2,1-4H3/t9-,10-,11+,12+,13+,14-,15-,16-/m1/s1

InChI key

SXYIRMFQILZOAM-HVNFFKDJSA-N

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General description

Artemisinin (ART) is a natural compound present in Artemisia annua, a traditional Chinese plant.

Application

Artemether has been used:
  • as an anti-schistosomal compound to test it effect on the larval stages of S. mansoni
  • to sensitize mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and human osteosarcoma HT1080 cells to cysteine starvation (STV)-induced ferroptosis
  • to stimulate islets and its effect on α to β transdifferentiation

Packaging

5, 25 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Artemether is a methyl ether derivative of artemisinin. It is used against multi-drug resistant strains of the malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, and shows potential in treatment of schistosomiasis.
Artemisinin possesses a highly reactive endoperoxide bridge, which is core for its therapeutic potential. The endoperoxide bond reacts with iron in the erythrocytes with malarial parasite. This leads to the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) directly targeting the parasite. Artemisinin also regulates ferroptosis in tumor cells. The α cell transcription factor Arx expression is reduced by artemether. Prolonged exposure of primary islets also resulted in loss if identity in endocrine cell types and their functionality.

Features and Benefits

This compound was developed by Novartis. To browse the list of other pharma-developed compounds and Approved Drugs/Drug Candidates, click here.

Pictograms

FlameExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Org. Perox. D

Storage Class Code

5.2 - Organic peroxides and self-reacting hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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