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Cholesterol, Plant-Derived

3β-Hydroxy-5-cholestene, 5-Cholesten-3β-ol, Synthetic cholesterol, Cholesterol
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

biological source







360 °C (lit.)


147-149 °C (lit.)


1.067 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)


suitable for manufacturing use

shipped in

dry ice

storage temp.


SMILES string




InChI key


Gene Information

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Biochem/physiol Actions

Major component of all biological membranes; ~25% of total brain lipid is cholesterol.

Preparation Note

Synthesized from material of non-animal origin

Legal Information

SyntheChol is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK Germany


Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Jinjiang Fan et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(23), 7261-7266 (2015-06-04)
Translocator protein (TSPO) is a key member of the mitochondrial cholesterol transport complex in steroidogenic tissues. To assess the function of TSPO, we generated two lines of Cre-mediated Tspo conditional knockout (cKO) mice. First, gonadal somatic cell-targeting Amhr2-Cre mice were...
James I Dower et al.
The American journal of clinical nutrition, 101(5), 914-921 (2015-05-03)
Prospective cohort studies showed inverse associations between the intake of flavonoid-rich foods (cocoa and tea) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Intervention studies showed protective effects on intermediate markers of CVD. This may be due to the protective effects of the flavonoids...
Daniel I Swerdlow et al.
Lancet (London, England), 385(9965), 351-361 (2014-09-30)
Statins increase the risk of new-onset type 2 diabetes mellitus. We aimed to assess whether this increase in risk is a consequence of inhibition of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGCR), the intended drug target. We used single nucleotide polymorphisms in the HMGCR...
Frederick J Raal et al.
Lancet (London, England), 385(9965), 331-340 (2014-10-06)
Heterozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia is characterised by low cellular uptake of LDL cholesterol, increased plasma LDL cholesterol concentrations, and premature cardiovascular disease. Despite intensive statin therapy, with or without ezetimibe, many patients are unable to achieve recommended target levels of LDL...
Bo Angelin et al.
Journal of internal medicine, 277(3), 331-342 (2014-04-24)
Liver-selective thyromimetic agents could provide a new approach for treating dyslipidaemia. We performed a multicentre, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of eprotirome, a liver-selective thyroid hormone receptor agonist, in 98 patients with primary hypercholesterolaemia. After...

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