Merck
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C3646

Sigma-Aldrich

Chitosan

from shrimp shells, ≥75% (deacetylated)

Synonym(s):
Deacetylated chitin, Poly(D-glucosamine)
CAS Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.25

biological source

shrimp shells

Quality Level

assay

≥75% (deacetylated)

form

powder or flakes

solubility

acetic acid: water: 10 mg/mL, slightly hazy to hazy (with extensive sonication)
H2O: insoluble
organic solvents: insoluble

bulk density

0.15‑0.3 g/cm3

InChI

1S/C56H103N9O39/c1-87-56(86)65-28-38(84)46(19(10-74)96-55(28)104-45-18(9-73)95-49(27(64)37(45)83)97-39-12(3-67)88-47(85)20(57)31(39)77)103-54-26(63)36(82)44(17(8-72)94-54)102-53-25(62)35(81)43(16(7-71)93-53)101-52-24(61)34(80)42(15(6-70)92-52)100-51-23(60)33(79)41(14(5-69)91-51)99-50-22(59)32(78)40(13(4-68)90-50)98-48-21(58)30(76)29(75)11(2-66)89-48/h11-55,66-85H,2-10,57-64H2,1H3,(H,65,86)/t11-,12-,13-,14-,15-,16-,17-,18-,19-,20-,21-,22-,23-,24-,25-,26-,27-,28-,29-,30-,31-,32-,33-,34-,35-,36-,37-,38-,39-,40-,41-,42-,43-,44-,45-,46-,47-,48+,49+,50+,51+,52+,53+,54+,55+/m1/s1

InChI key

FLASNYPZGWUPSU-SICDJOISSA-N

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Application

Shrimp shell derived chitosan, deacetylated chitin (poly β-1,4-D-glucosamine), may be used as a biocompatible, antibacterial and environmentally friendly polyelectrolyte biomaterial with a variety of applications including uses in water treatment, chromatography, additives for cosmetics, textile treatment for antimicrobial activity, novel fibers for textiles, photographic papers, biodegradable films, biomedical devices, and microcapsule implants for controlled release in drug delivery. It may be derivatized to further expand its uses.
Forms gels with multivalent anions. Gives clear solutions that dry to strong, clear films.

Packaging

10, 25, 100, 500 g in poly bottle

Features and Benefits

Biocompatible, antibacterial and environmentally friendly polyelectrolyte with a variety of applications including water treatment, chromatography, additives for cosmetics, textile treatment for antimicrobial activity, novel fibers for textiles, photographic papers, biodegradable films, biomedical devices, and microcapsule implants for controlled release in drug delivery.

Quality

May contain foreign matter.

Preparation Note

Prepared by the alkaline deacetylation of chitin obtained from the shells of shrimp (Pandalus borealis). Chitin is manufactured industrially by crushing shrimp shells, then washing the solids with acids to remove inorganic and proteinaceous material. The purified chitin is deacetylated to chitosan by treatment with a strong base such as sodium hydroxide. The resulting chitosan may be further purified by preparation of solutions in acid followed by neutralization and precipitation.

Analysis Note

The degree of acetylation may be determined by dye binding or titration methods.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

nwg

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

Articles

Preparation of Chitosan Microparticles by Spray Drying

Microparticles with controlled size and morphology are of significant interest in the fields of drug delivery and biopharmaceuticals. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of processing parameters on the ability to control the size and distribution of chitosan based microparticles, targeting diameter range of 1-10 µm. The effect of encapsulating bovine serum albumin (BSA), a model protein, as well as sodium tripolyphosphate (TPP), a cross-linker, was studied.

Enzymatic Assay of Chitosanase from Streptomyces Species

To standardize a procedure for determining the enzymatic activity of Chitosanase.

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