Merck
All Photos(2)

C3755

Sigma-Aldrich

Creatine Phosphokinase from rabbit muscle

Type I, salt-free, lyophilized powder, ≥150 units/mg protein

Synonym(s):
Creatine Kinase, Phosphocreatine phosphokinase, ATP: Creatine N-Phosphotransferase, CPK
CAS Number:
Enzyme Commission number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
32160410
NACRES:
NA.54

type

Type I

form

salt-free, lyophilized powder

specific activity

≥150 units/mg protein

mol wt

80-86.2 kDa

solubility

0.25 M glycyl-glycine, pH 7.4: soluble 5.0 mg/mL, clear, colorless to slightly yellow

foreign activity

ATPase ≤0.01%
Lactic dehydrogenase, hexokinase, myokinase and pyruvate kinase ≤0.001%

shipped in

wet ice

storage temp.

−20°C

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Application

The enzyme from Sigma has been used in the measurement of phosphocreatine in hippocampal neurons isolated from rat brains.
Molecular Weight: ~81,000
Creatine Phosphokinase is a dimer composed predominantly of the skeletal muscle derived homodimer (MM). CK also exists as a heterodimer (MB) particularly in the myocardium. CK derived from brain tissue consists mainly of the brain source homodimer (BB). The amino acid sequences of the M chain and B chains are about 80% homologous. From the sequence, the molecular weight of the M chain is 43,112.

E1%(280)= 8.76

pH Optimum: pH 8.8-9.0 for the forward reaction and pH 6.0-7.0 for the reverse reaction.

CK is a cellular enzyme with a wide tissue distribution. Its physiological role is associated with ATP generation for contractile or transport systems. Increased levels of CK are associated with myocardial infarction, muscular dystrophy, hyperthyroidism, pulmonary infarction and cerebrovascular disease. Variations in relative isozyme distribution can provide additional information in the diagnosis of these conditions.

Substrates: Creatine, N-ethylglycocyamine and glyocyamine have been shown to act as substrates for CK. CK is very specific for ATP/ADP.

Inhibitors: ADP is a strong inhibitor of the forward reaction competing with ATP. Divalent cations such as Ca2+ (Ki=4.5 mM), Zn2+ and Cu2+ inhibit CK by competing with Mg2+. Other inhibitors include acetate, acetylsalicylic acid, adenosine, p-aminosalicylic acid, AMP, benzoic acid, bicarbonate, bromide, chloride, p-Chloromercuribenzoic acid, ethylene oxide, 2,4-fluorodinitrobenzene, iodide, malonic acid, NAD, nitrate, phosphate, pyrophosphate, salicylic acid, sulfate, sulfite, thyroxine, trichloroacetate, L-triiodothyroxine, L-triiodothyronine, and tripolyphosphate.

Packaging

500, 1000, 3500, 17500, 35000 units in poly bottle

Caution

The use of 0.1% albumin in the reaction buffer is recommended to avoid inactivation due to dilution.

Unit Definition

One unit will transfer 1.0 μmole of phosphate from phosphocreatine to ADP per min at pH 7.4 at 30 °C.

Preparation Note

Produces a clear, colorless to light yellow solution at 5 mg/mL in 0.25 M glycyl-glycine, pH 7.4

Analysis Note

Protein determined by biuret.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

Mitochondrial creatine kinase: a key enzyme of aerobic energy metabolism.
M Wyss et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1102(2), 119-166 (1992-09-25)
G J Brewer et al.
Journal of neurochemistry, 74(5), 1968-1978 (2000-05-09)
The loss of ATP, which is needed for ionic homeostasis, is an early event in the neurotoxicity of glutamate and beta-amyloid (A(beta)). We hypothesize that cells supplemented with the precursor creatine make more phosphocreatine (PCr) and create larger energy reserves
Jean-Claude Tardif et al.
Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 61(20), 2048-2055 (2013-03-19)
The study aimed to evaluate inclacumab for the reduction of myocardial damage during a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. P-selectin is an adhesion molecule involved in interactions between endothelial cells, platelets, and leukocytes. Inclacumab
Yves Allenbach et al.
Medicine, 93(3), 150-157 (2014-05-07)
Necrotizing autoimmune myopathy (NAM) is a group of acquired myopathies characterized by prominent myofiber necrosis with little or no muscle inflammation. Recently, researchers identified autoantibodies (aAb) against 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR) in patients with NAM, especially in statin-exposed patients. Here
Nina Bögershausen et al.
American journal of human genetics, 93(1), 181-190 (2013-07-09)
Myopathies are a clinically and etiologically heterogeneous group of disorders that can range from limb girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) to syndromic forms with associated features including intellectual disability. Here, we report the identification of mutations in transport protein particle complex

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