Collagen is classified into a number of structurally and genetically distinct types. We use the nomenclature proposed by Bornstein and Traub. Do not confuse Sigma type designations with recognized collagen classification types.
Collagen-type 1 may be used in research of Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Robust expression of collagen-type 1 is one distinctive feature of IPF. Additionally, collagen-type 1 has been used in studies on the effect of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress from IPF on myofibroblastic differentiation of lung fibroblasts. Collage-type 1 soluble in acidic solution produces three dimensional scaffolding useful in bioengineering and cell culture applications where biomaterials are needed to replace native collagen extracellular matrices.
Collagen Type I has been used as a scaffold for the growth in vitro of stem cells in a wide variety of biomaterial engineering studies.
Prepared with modification of Gallop, P.M.