Merck
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C9616

Sigma-Aldrich

Anti-Cytochrome c antibody produced in sheep

~0.5 mg/mL, affinity isolated antibody, buffered aqueous solution

Synonym(s):
Anti-CYC
MDL number:

Quality Level

biological source

sheep

conjugate

unconjugated

antibody form

affinity isolated antibody

antibody product type

primary antibodies

clone

polyclonal

form

buffered aqueous solution

mol wt

antigen 15 kDa

species reactivity

human, rabbit, canine, rat

concentration

~0.5 mg/mL

technique(s)

immunohistochemistry (formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections): 20-40 μg/mL using human heart tissue
indirect immunofluorescence: 5-10 μg/mL using human MCF-7 cells
western blot: 0.1-0.2 μg/mL using whole extracts of MCF−7, Jurkat, Rat−1, MDCK cells and extract of rat kidney or rat heart

UniProt accession no.

shipped in

dry ice

storage temp.

−20°C

Gene Information

human ... CYCS(54205)
rat ... Cycs(25309)

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General description

Anti-Cytochrome c produced in sheep using purified rabbit cytochrome c conjugated to keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH).

Immunogen

rabbit cytochrome c.

Application

Anti-Cytochrome c antibody produced in sheep has been used in:
  • immunocytochemistry
  • immunostaining
  • immunoblotting
  • immunohistochemistry

Biochem/physiol Actions

Cytochrome c controls cellular electron transport and energy metabolism. It is involved in the transfer of electrons between complex III and complex IV in the mitochondrial electron transport chain. It is involved in apoptosis and activates the death protease caspase-3 (CCP32). The presence of Bcl-2 on the organelles inhibits the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria during apoptosis. Along with Apaf-1, and procaspase-9, it forms an essential component of vertebrate ”apoptosome”. Activation of caspase-9 and other capsases directs apoptosis. Serum cytochrome c is a sensitive apoptotic marker in vivo, and increased serum cytochrome c level can serve as a negative prognostic marker.

Target description

Cytochrome c is an electron transport protein released from mitochondria as an early committed event in apoptosis. Cytochrome c and dATP are cofactors for the mammalian apoptosome, which is composed of Apaf-1, Bcl-2, and procaspase 9. When caspase 9 is activated, activation of other caspases follow including the death protease caspase 3. The release of cytochrome c is inhibited by the presence of Bcl-2 on these organelles preventing the initiation of apoptosis. In cells induced by several apoptotic agents (such as UV irradiation, staurosporine, and overexpression of Bax), caspase inhibitors do not prevent cytochrome c release.

Physical form

Solution in 0.01 M phosphate buffered saline, pH 7.4, containing 1% BSA and 15 mM sodium azide.

Disclaimer

Unless otherwise stated in our catalog or other company documentation accompanying the product(s), our products are intended for research use only and are not to be used for any other purpose, which includes but is not limited to, unauthorized commercial uses, in vitro diagnostic uses, ex vivo or in vivo therapeutic uses or any type of consumption or application to humans or animals.

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