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D2438

Sigma-Aldrich

Dimethyl sulfoxide

sterile-filtered, BioPerformance Certified, meets EP, USP testing specifications, suitable for hybridoma

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Synonym(s):
DMSO
Linear Formula:
(CH3)2SO
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
78.13
Beilstein:
506008
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.75

grade

BioPerformance Certified

Quality Level

Agency

USP XXIV
meets EP testing specifications
meets USP testing specifications

vapor density

2.7 (vs air)

vapor pressure

0.42 mmHg ( 20 °C)

sterility

sterile-filtered

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

573 °F

expl. lim.

42 %, 63 °F

technique(s)

cell culture | hybridoma: suitable
cryopreservation: suitable

impurities

≤0.1% water

color

colorless

refractive index

n20/D 1.479 (lit.)

bp

189 °C (lit.)

mp

16-19 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: miscible (completely)

density

1.10 g/mL (lit.)

SMILES string

CS(C)=O

InChI

1S/C2H6OS/c1-4(2)3/h1-2H3

InChI key

IAZDPXIOMUYVGZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is an aprotic solvent. Therapeutic and toxic molecules that are not soluble in water are often soluble in DMSO. Liquid nitrogen used in conjunction with a cryoprotective agent such as DMSO is a widely used method for preserving cells. DMSO is used to prepare stock solutions of various molecules and is also used as a control for these molecules. It has been used in cell migration assay for dissolving post-migration cells. BPC-tested DMSO also meets the requirements of biotechnology and tissue engineering applications.

Application

Dimethyl sulfoxide has been used as a vehicle control to culture and induce hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) activation in vivo. It has also been used to prepare a stock solution to study the cytotoxicity of ferulic acid (FA) on nucleus pulposus (NP) cells.

Features and Benefits

Ready-to-use sterile filtered product conveniently packaged in septum screw-capped amber bottles. Meets USP and EP testing requirements

Caution

Supercools easily and remelts slowly at room temperature. Solidified product can be re-liquified by warming to room temperature without detriment to the product.

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

188.6 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

87 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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