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DMBA, 1,4-Dimethyl-2,3-benzophenanthrene, 9,10-Dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CAS Number:
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Quality Level






122-123 °C (lit.)

SMILES string




InChI key


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General description

7,12-Dimethylbenz[a]anthracene belongs to the category of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. It is a carcinogenic organic pollutant generated from the incomplete combustion of gasoline and coal.


7,12-Dimethylbenz[a]anthracene was used:
  • to study the effects of Cimicifuga racemosa (CR) extract on the growth of mammary tumor induced by 7,12-Dimethylbenz[a]anthracene
  • in the study to compare the anti-carcinogenic properties of four red wine polyphenols as an initiator to cause skin cancer in CD-1 mouse model
  • to induce epithelial carcinogenicity in order to study the apoptotic, proliferating and p12doc-1 profiles of normal, hyperplastic, dysplastic and malignant oral epithelium in the cheek pouch of the Syrian hamster
  • to cause mammary tumors to examine the causes and prevention of triacylglycerol accumulation in rat liver due to tamoxifen


100 mg in glass bottle
1, 5 g in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

7,12-Dimethylbenz[a]anthracene has been found to be cytotoxic in nature, having carcinogenic properties. It also shows selective necrosis and hemorrhaging in the adrenal gland along with an inhibitory effect on plasma alkaline phosphatase levels. Its damaging effects are due to its ability to form charge transfer complexes by donating electrons to appropriate electron acceptors.


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Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Carc. 1B

Storage Class Code

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects



Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Yohko Kohno et al.
Oral oncology, 38(3), 274-280 (2002-04-30)
Disruption of the homeostatic balance between proliferation and apoptosis is widely believed to contribute to human oral carcinogenesis. Using the Syrian hamster oral cancer model, we examined normal, hyperplastic, dysplastic and malignant oral epithelium for the fraction of apoptotic, proliferating
DMBA acts on cumulus cells to desynchronize nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation of pig oocytes
Song ZQ, et al.
Scientific reports, 7(1), 1687-1687 (2017)
Regio-and stereoselective metabolism of 7, 12-dimethylbenz [a] anthracene by Mycobacterium vanbaalenii PYR-1
Moody JD, et al.
Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 69(7), 3924-3931 (2003)
T Ishikawa et al.
Anticancer research, 19(5A), 3749-3752 (2000-01-08)
A two-stage mouse skin carcinogenesis model was used to examine the effects of IP6 on initiation and promotion phases of tumorigenesis. Seven week old ICR female mice were divided into 6 groups, each consisting of 20 animals. Initiation was performed
Sequential expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 during DMBA-induced hamster buccal pouch carcinogenesis
Kim SA, et al.
In Vivo, 18(5), 609-614 (2004)

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