All Photos(4)

D9184

Sigma-Aldrich

Dexamethasone

meets USP testing specifications

Synonym(s):
9α-Fluoro-16α-methylprednisolone, 9α-Fluoro-16α-methyl-11β,17α,21-trihydroxy-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione, Prednisolone F, (11β,16α)-9-Fluoro-11,17,21-trihydroxy-16-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dione
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C22H29FO5
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
392.46
Beilstein:
2066651
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

biological source

synthetic (organic)

Agency/Method

USP/NF
meets USP testing specifications

assay

97.0-102.0%

form

solid

mp

262-264 °C (lit.)

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

C[C@@H]1C[C@H]2[C@@H]3CCC4=CC(=O)C=C[C@]4(C)[C@@]3(F)[C@@H](O)C[C@]2(C)[C@@]1(O)C(=O)CO

InChI

1S/C22H29FO5/c1-12-8-16-15-5-4-13-9-14(25)6-7-19(13,2)21(15,23)17(26)10-20(16,3)22(12,28)18(27)11-24/h6-7,9,12,15-17,24,26,28H,4-5,8,10-11H2,1-3H3/t12-,15+,16+,17+,19+,20+,21+,22+/m1/s1

InChI key

UREBDLICKHMUKA-CXSFZGCWSA-N

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General description

Dexamethasone is an anti-inflammatory glucocorticoid with a range of effects on cell survival, cell signaling and gene expression. It is useful for study of apoptosis, cell signaling pathways and gene expression.

Application

Dexamethasone was used as medium supplement in the following studies:
  • To investigate the osteogenic differentiation and chondrogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs).
  • In α-MEM (minimum essential medium) for inducing the osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation in mesenchymal stem cells from human bone marrow and umbilical cord blood.
  • For the isolation and characterization of mesenchymal stem cells isolated from 6- to 8-week-old C57BL/6J mice.

Packaging

100 mg in glass bottle
1, 5 g in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Glucocorticoid anti-inflammatory agent. Regulates T cell survival, growth, and differentiation. Inhibits the induction of nitric oxide synthase.

pictograms

Health hazard

signalword

Danger

hcodes

Hazard Classifications

Repr. 1B

Storage Class Code

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Ezio Gerdoni et al.
Annals of neurology, 61(3), 219-227 (2007-03-28)
To evaluate the ability of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), a subset of adult stem cells from bone marrow, to cure experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. The outcome of the injection of MSCs, in mice immunized with the peptide 139-151 of the proteolipid...
Laura Pierdomenico et al.
Transplantation, 80(6), 836-842 (2005-10-08)
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are currently being investigated in preclinical and clinical settings because of their multipotent differentiative capacity or, alternatively, their immunosuppressive function. The aim of this study was to evaluate dental pulp (DP) as a potential...
Yu-Jen Chang et al.
Stem cells (Dayton, Ohio), 24(3), 679-685 (2005-09-24)
Bone marrow and umbilical cord blood are reported to be the main sources of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which have been proposed for many clinical applications. This study evaluated and quantitated the differentiation potential of bone marrow-derived MSCs (bmMSCs) and...
Erich Piovan et al.
Cancer cell, 24(6), 766-776 (2013-12-03)
Glucocorticoid resistance is a major driver of therapeutic failure in T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). Here, we identify the AKT1 kinase as a major negative regulator of the NR3C1 glucocorticoid receptor protein activity driving glucocorticoid resistance in T-ALL. Mechanistically...
Yukiko Kitase et al.
Journal of bone and mineral research : the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, 25(12), 2657-2668 (2010-06-26)
Glucocorticoids are known to induce osteocyte apoptosis, whereas mechanical loading has been shown to sustain osteocyte viability. Here we show that mechanical loading in the form of fluid-flow shear stress blocks dexamethasone-induced apoptosis of osteocyte-like cells (MLO-Y4). Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)...

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