DNA polymerase I (holoenzyme) has 5′→3′ and 3′→5′ exonuclease activities in addition to its synthetic activity. This bifunctional activity enables the enzyme to use nicks or gaps in double stranded DNA as starting points for DNA synthesis. The 5′→3′ exonuclease activity degrades the DNA strand complementary to the template strand beginning at the nick. DNA synthesis begins at the 3′-end of the nick and produces a new strand of DNA complementary to the template. The net result is the movement of the polymerase along the template strand (nick translation) until the DNA complementary to the template (from the site of the original nick to the 5′-end of the template strand) is replaced.
Highly specific DNA probes by nick translation
In vitro synthesis of complementary cDNA strand
In vitro synthesis of DNA
Produce blunt ends from 5′ and 3′ overhangs
DNA Polymerase I from Escherichia coli has been used to study the effects of the anti-tumor drug cis-diaminedichloroplatinum (II) on the enzyme activity.
DNase Polymerase I is supplied in a solution of 50% glycerol containing 100 mM potassium phosphate buffer (pH 6.5), and 1 mM dithiothreitol.
One unit converts 10 nanomoles of deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates into acid insoluble material in 30 min at 37 °C.
A simple method for generating cDNA libraries from submicrogram quantities of mRNA is described. It combines classical first-strand synthesis with the novel RNase H-DNA polymerase I-mediated second-strand synthesis [Okayama, H., and Berg, P., Mol. Cell. Biol. 2 (1982) 161-170]. Neither
Micrococcus luteus deoxyribonucleic acid polymerase. Studies of the enzymic reaction and properties of the deoxyribonucleic acid product.
S J Harwood et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 245(21), 5614-5624 (1970-11-10)
A simple method for generating cDNA libraries has been described (1) in which RNase H-DNA polymerase I-mediated second-strand cDNA synthesis primes from an RNA oligonucleotide derived from the 5' (capped) end of mRNA. The size of this oligonucleotide and the
Molecular and cellular biology, 2(2), 161-170 (1982-02-01)
A widely recognized difficulty of presently used methods for cDNA cloning is obtaining cDNA segments that contain the entire nucleotide sequence of the corresponding mRNA. The cloning procedure described here mitigates this shortcoming. Of the 10(5) plasmid-cDNA recombinants obtained per
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 72(3), 1184-1188 (1975-03-01)
The sequence of 72 base pairs of the rightward operator (O-R) of bacteriophage lambda is presented as determined with simple and rapid methods for direct DNA sequencing. The sequence of an operator mutant is also described. The methods are of
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