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≥90% (HPLC)

(−)-cis-3,3′,4′,5,7-Pentahydroxyflavane, (2R,3R)-2-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-3,4-dihydro-1(2H)-benzopyran-3,5,7-triol
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level


≥90% (HPLC)




240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

SMILES string




InChI key


Gene Information

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General description

(−)-Epicatechin (EC) belongs to the group of flavanols and is abundantly present in cacao and cacao products. The chemical structure of EC includes an oxygenated heterocycle with a 4-hydroxyl group linked with two aromatic rings.


(−)-Epicatechin (EC) has been used:
  • as an antioxidant to downregulate nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate hydrogen (NADPH) oxidase and improve insulin sensitivity in in vivo (high fat-fed mice) and in vitro (HepG2 cells) studies
  • to study its effect on blood pressure, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity and anxiety-like behavior on borderline hypertensive rat (BHR) models
  • to test its effect on neuronal survival in the hippocampus of middle-aged rats on swimming training, under oxidative stress
  • to study its antioxidant activity in dark chocolate
  • as a characteristic compound in polyphenols analysis


1, 5 g in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Epicatechin enhances the skeletal muscle structure in heart failure patients and minimizes cardiometabolic risks. It can be used for treating sarcopenia. Epicatechin reduces myostatin and β-galactosidase and increases the level of markers of muscle growth.


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Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids



Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

S Abhijit et al.
Experimental gerontology, 101, 101-112 (2017-11-28)
The present study explored the effects of swimming training and grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) on neuronal survival in the hippocampus (HC) of middle-aged rats along with oxidative stress (OS) parameters. Further, the bioavailability of the GSPE, catechin, epicatechin and
Joseph Shay et al.
Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity, 2015, 181260-181260 (2015-07-17)
With recent insight into the mechanisms involved in diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, stroke, neurodegenerative diseases, and diabetes, more efficient modes of treatment are now being assessed. Traditional medicine including the use of natural products is widely practiced around
Effect of dark chocolate on plasma epicatechin levels, DNA resistance to oxidative stress and total antioxidant activity in healthy subjects
Spadafranca A, et al.
The British Journal of Nutrition, 103(7), 1008-1014 (2010)
Effects of (-)-epicatechin on molecular modulators of skeletal muscle growth and differentiation
Gutierrez-Salmean G, et al.
The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, 25(1), 91-94 (2014)
Michal Kluknavsky et al.
Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland), 9(2) (2020-01-26)
This study investigated the effects of (-)-epicatechin (Epi) in young male borderline hypertensive rats (BHR) during two weeks of treatment (Epi group, 100 mg/kg/day p.o.) and two weeks post treatment (PE group). Epi reduced blood pressure (BP), which persisted for


Dietary Antioxidants

Antioxidants protect biological systems from oxidative damage produced by oxygen-containing free radicals and from redoxactive transition metal ions such as iron, copper, and cadmium.

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