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I1284

Sigma-Aldrich

Isopropyl β-D-thiogalactopyranoside solution

ReadyMade IPTG solution for Blue-white screening

Synonym(s):
IPTG solution
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C9H18O5S
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
238.30
Beilstein:
4631
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.52

Quality Level

grade

for molecular biology

description

non-ionic

form

liquid

shipped in

dry ice

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

CC(C)S[C@@H]1O[C@H](CO)[C@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]1O

InChI

1S/C9H18O5S/c1-4(2)15-9-8(13)7(12)6(11)5(3-10)14-9/h4-13H,3H2,1-2H3/t5-,6+,7+,8-,9+/m1/s1

InChI key

BPHPUYQFMNQIOC-NXRLNHOXSA-N

General description

Isopropyl thiogalactose (IPTG) is a sugar derivative widely used for the induction of the expression of recombinant proteins in E. coli. This expression system requires that the gene of interest is cloned in plasmids containing the Lac promoter. IPTG Ready Made is a 0.2 μm filter sterilized solution of 200 mM IPTG. This reagent remains liquid at its storage temperature (-20 °C), thus avoiding freeze-thaw cycles and providing a user-friendly solution.

Application

Isopropyl β-D-thiogalactopyranoside solution is:
  • used as an inducer for the expression of single domain antibodies(sdAbs) in E coli and bioactive peptides
  • used in its half-life and decay studies
  • suitable for induction of recombinant protein expression in systems controlled by the lac repressor

Biochem/physiol Actions

Isopropyl β-D-thiogalactopyranoside binds to the lac repressor and releases the tetrameric repressor from the lac operator in an allosteric manner. This binding allows the transcription of genes in the lac operon, such as the gene coding for β--galactosidase. The β-galactosidase gene is transcribed and monosaccharides are the product. Since Isopropyl β-D-thiogalactopyranoside cannot be metabolized by E. coli its concentration remains constant. Therefore, it is not a variable in the experiment.

Components

IPTG Solution is composed of 200 mM IPTG in molecular biology grade water.

Principle

Isopropyl β-D-thiogalactopyranoside binds to the lac repressor and releases the tetrameric repressor from the lac operator in an allosteric manner. This binding allows the transcription of genes in the lac operon, such as the gene coding for β-galactosidase. The β-galactosidase gene is transcribed and monosaccharides are the product.

Storage Class Code

12 - Non Combustible Liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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Engineering of ultra-small diagnostic nanoprobes through oriented conjugation of single-domain antibodies and quantum dots
Sukhanova A, et al.
Protocol Exchange, 10 (2012)
Half-life measurements of chemical inducers for recombinant gene expression
Pasotti L, et al.
Journal of Biological Engineering, 8(1), 5-5 (2014)
Random sequences are an abundant source of bioactive RNAs or peptides
Neme R, et al.
Nature ecology & evolution, 1(6), 0127-0127 (2017)
L H Hansen et al.
Current microbiology, 36(6), 341-347 (1998-06-03)
The role of the Escherichia coli lacY gene product (the lactose permease) in the induction of isopropyl-beta-D-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG) inducible promoters was studied in E. coli and P. fluorescens. This was done by comparing strains containing a lacIPOZYA chromosomal insert with
Therese Wohlschlager et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(27), E2787-E2796 (2014-06-01)
Effector proteins of innate immune systems recognize specific non-self epitopes. Tectonins are a family of β-propeller lectins conserved from bacteria to mammals that have been shown to bind bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS). We present experimental evidence that two Tectonins of fungal

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