Merck
All Photos(1)

L1250

Sigma-Aldrich

DL-Lactic acid

85 % (w/w), syrup

Synonym(s):
2-Hydroxypropionic acid, milk acid
Linear Formula:
CH3CH(OH)COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
90.08
Beilstein:
1209341
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.25

Quality Level

assay

≥85.0% (titration)

form

syrup

concentration

85 % (w/w)

refractive index

n20/D 1.425 (lit.)

pKa (25 °C)

(1) 3.73, (2) 3.79 (L(+)-isomer)

bp

122 °C/15 mmHg (lit.)

density

1.209 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

CC(O)C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C3H6O3/c1-2(4)3(5)6/h2,4H,1H3,(H,5,6)

InChI key

JVTAAEKCZFNVCJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Packaging

500 mL in poly bottle
1 L in poly bottle

Application

Lactic acid is used as a reagent in organic synthesis (in the manufacture of adhesives). It is used in the leather, textile, and tanning industries. It may be used as a plasticizer, a catalyst, or an acidifying agent. Lactic acid has even been used as a flavoring agent in the manufacture of tobacco products.

Biochem/physiol Actions

In animals, lactic acid is a metabolic compound produced by proliferating cells and during anaerobic conditions such as strenuous exercise. Lactic acid can be oxidized back to pyruvate or converted to glucose via gluconeogenesis. Lactic acid is preferentially metabolized by neurons in several mammal species and during early brain development.

Preparation Note

This product is miscible with water (10% v/v).

Pictograms

Corrosion

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

235.4 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

113 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

Annabelle Olsson et al.
Journal of wildlife diseases, 49(3), 560-567 (2013-06-20)
Using a prospective, randomized study design we demonstrate that midazolam sedation minimizes acidosis compared with physical restraint in captive juvenile estuarine crocodiles during handling or noninvasive procedures at preferred body temperature. A dose of midazolam (5.0 mg/kg) was administered intramuscularly
Stephen Yiu Chuen Choi et al.
The Journal of pathology, 230(4), 350-355 (2013-06-05)
The common preference of cancers for lactic acid-generating metabolic energy pathways has led to proposals that their reprogrammed metabolism confers growth advantages such as decreased susceptibility to hypoxic stress. Recent observations, however, suggest that it generates a novel way for
James Steele et al.
Current opinion in biotechnology, 24(2), 135-141 (2013-01-03)
It has been known since the 1960s that lactic acid bacteria are essential for the development of cheese flavor. In the ensuing 50 years significant research has been directed at understanding the microbiology, genetics and biochemistry of this process. This
Mohamed Ali Abdel-Rahman et al.
Biotechnology advances, 31(6), 877-902 (2013-04-30)
Fermentative production of optically pure lactic acid has roused interest among researchers in recent years due to its high potential for applications in a wide range of fields. More specifically, the sharp increase in manufacturing of biodegradable polylactic acid (PLA)
Raffaella Di Cagno et al.
Food microbiology, 33(1), 1-10 (2012-11-06)
Lactic acid fermentation represents the easiest and the most suitable way for increasing the daily consumption of fresh-like vegetables and fruits. Literature data are accumulating, and this review aims at describing the main features of the lactic acid bacteria to

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