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L2018

Sigma-Aldrich

Lipopolysaccharides from Escherichia coli K-235

purified by gel-filtration chromatography

Synonym(s):
LPS
EC Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.25

Quality Level

biological source

Escherichia coli (K-235)

form

lyophilized powder

purified by

gel-filtration chromatography

impurities

<1% Protein

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

2-8°C

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General description

This product is extracted from E. coli serotype K235 and purified by gel filtration. The source strain is ATCC 13027.

Packaging

5, 25 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are localized in the outer layer of the membrane and are, in noncapsulated strains, exposed on the cell surface. They contribute to the integrity of the outer membrane, and protect the cell against the action of bile salts and lipophilic antibiotics.

Preparation Note

The product is soluble in water (5 mg/ml) or cell culture medium (1 mg/ml) yielding a hazy, faint yellow solution. A more concentrated, though still hazy, solution (20 mg/ml) has been achieved in aqueous saline after vortexing and warming to 70-80 oC. Lipopolysaccharides are molecules that form micelles in every solvent. Hazy solutions are observed in water and phosphate buffered saline. Organic solvents do not give clearer solutions. Methanol yields a turbid suspension with floaters, while water yields a homogeneously hazy solution.

Pictograms

Skull and crossbones

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Oral

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Peipei Zhang et al.
Science advances, 7(43), eabi9471-eabi9471 (2021-10-23)
[Figure: see text].
Waleed Al Abdulmonem et al.
Journal of reproductive immunology, 141, 103152-103152 (2020-06-11)
During first trimester of human pregnancy, the maternal system develops immunity against infection and to provide protection of allogeneic foetus from abortion. This study was undertaken to determine the role of trophoblast specific CD74 isoforms in first trimester trophoblast derived
Tao Ni et al.
Science advances, 6(5), eaax8286-eaax8286 (2020-02-18)
Perforin-2 (MPEG1) is thought to enable the killing of invading microbes engulfed by macrophages and other phagocytes, forming pores in their membranes. Loss of perforin-2 renders individual phagocytes and whole organisms significantly more susceptible to bacterial pathogens. Here, we reveal
Arjen van den Berg et al.
Respiratory research, 6, 111-111 (2005-09-28)
The adenoviral protein E1A has been proposed to play a role in the pathophysiology of COPD, in particular by increasing IL-8 gene transcription of lung epithelial cells in response to cigarette smoke-constituents such as LPS. As IL-8 production is also
Jonathan J Hansen et al.
Inflammatory bowel diseases, 15(6), 890-899 (2009-01-13)
While others have described gene expression patterns in humans with inflammatory bowel diseases and animals with chemically induced colitis, a genome-wide comparison of gene expression in genetically susceptible animals that develop spontaneous colitis has not been reported. We used microarray

Related Content

Lipopolysaccharides

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is the major component of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. Lipopolysaccharide is localized in the outer layer of the membrane and is, in noncapsulated strains, exposed on the cell surface.

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