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L2880

Sigma-Aldrich

Lipopolysaccharides from Escherichia coli O55:B5

purified by phenol extraction

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Synonym(s):
LPS
EC Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.25

biological source

Escherichia coli (O55:B5)

Quality Level

form

lyophilized powder

purified by

phenol extraction

technique(s)

cell based assay: suitable

impurities

<3% Protein (Lowry)

color

off-white to tan

solubility

water: soluble

application(s)

cell analysis
clinical research
life science and biopharma

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

2-8°C

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This Item
L4524L2637L6529
form

lyophilized powder

form

lyophilized powder

form

lyophilized powder

form

lyophilized powder

technique(s)

cell based assay: suitable

technique(s)

-

technique(s)

-

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

impurities

<3% Protein (Lowry)

impurities

<1% Protein, <1% RNA

impurities

<3% Protein

impurities

<3% Protein (Lowry)

color

off-white to tan

color

white to yellow cast

color

white to faint gray

color

-

solubility

water: soluble

solubility

water: soluble

solubility

water: soluble

solubility

H2O: 5 mg/mL, faintly hazy to hazy

General description

Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are glycolipids, a combination of carbohydrate units linked with single or multiple fatty acids that are found in the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria. The LPS is an essential component of the outer membrane and the LPS structure is composed of lipid A, a glucosamine-based phospholipid, a short-core oligosaccharide, and an O-antigen, a distal polysaccharide.

Application

Lipopolysaccharide from Escherichia coli O55:B5 has been used:
  • to stimulate hepatocytes and non-parenchymal cells
  • to stimulate the spleen and study the expression of the Malitaf gene in the fish blunt snout bream
  • as part of the concanavalin A (ConA) and D-galactosamine/lipopolysaccharide (D-GalN/LPS) model of fulminant hepatitis to study the effect of the natural compound hesperetin
  • to check the cell viability of human chorionic villi-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hCMSCs) by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay
  • to induce oligodendrocyte toxicity to evaluate the neuroprotective effects of few compounds
  • to induce sarcopenia in rats to evaluate the antioxidant effects of curcumin-loaded hydrophobic surface-modified hydroxyapatite
Lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) are characteristic components of the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria. LPS and its lipid A moiety stimulate cells of the innate immune system by the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), a member of the Toll-like receptor protein family, which recognizes common pathogen-associated molecular-patterns (PAMPs).

Biochem/physiol Actions

Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) sets up a protective permeability barrier that blocks the entry of antibiotics and bile salts, which make Gram-negative bacteria innately resistant. LPS is involved in bacterial pathogenicity as the host immune system primarily encounters the LPS component of the bacteria. LPS is an endotoxin and a highly immunogenic antigen that can enhance the immune system. The lipid A of LPS stimulates host cells via toll-like receptors 4 (TLR4).

Other Notes

To gain a comprehensive understanding of our extensive range of Lipopolysaccharides for your research, we encourage you to visit our Carbohydrates Category page.

Pictograms

Skull and crossbones

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Oral

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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Ya-Jyun Liang et al.
Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland), 10(4) (2021-05-01)
Oxidative stress and later-induced chronic inflammation have been reported to play an important role on the progression of sarcopenia. Current treatments for sarcopenia are mainly administered to patients whom sarcopenia already developed. However, there has been no promising results shown
Yun Feng et al.
Stem cell research & therapy, 11(1), 2-2 (2020-01-05)
ALI/ARDS is the major cause of acute respiratory failure in critically ill patients. As human chorionic villi-derived MSCs (hCMSCs) could attenuate ALI in the airway injury model, and liraglutide, glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) agonist, possesses anti-inflammatory and proliferation promotion functions
Identification and Characterization of Lipopolysaccharide Induced TNFa Factor from Blunt Snout Bream, Megalobrama amblycephala
Yina LV
International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 18(2), 233-233 (2017)
A liver microphysiological system of tumor cell dormancy and inflammatory
responsiveness is affected by scaffold properties
Clark AM
Cancer Discovery null
Outer membrane permeability and antibiotic resistance
Delcour A H, et al.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)-Proteins and Proteomics, 1794(5) , 808-816 (2009)

Articles

Explore the structure, function, and diverse applications of Lipopolysaccharides. Discover their role in bacteria, serological specificity, and research potential.

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

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