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L3771

Sigma-Aldrich

Sodium dodecyl sulfate

BioReagent, suitable for electrophoresis, for molecular biology, ≥98.5% (GC)

Synonym(s):
Lauryl sulfate sodium salt, Sodium lauryl sulfate, Dodecyl sulfate sodium salt, SDS, Dodecyl sodium sulfate
Linear Formula:
CH3(CH2)11OSO3Na
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
288.38
Beilstein:
3599286
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
39093306
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NB.22

Quality Level

grade

for molecular biology

description

anionic

product line

BioReagent

assay

≥98.5% (GC)

mol wt

micellar 18,000

aggregation number

62

application(s)

electrophoresis: suitable

CMC

7-10 mM (20-25°C)

mp

204-207 °C (lit.)

transition temp

cloud point >100 °C

solubility

water: soluble

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤500 ppm
phosphate (PO43-): ≤10 ppm

cation traces

heavy metals (as Pb): ≤10 ppm

absorption

≤0.1 at 260 at 3%
≤0.1 at 280 at 3%

HLB

40

suitability

suitable for electrophoresis

foreign activity

DNase, RNase, none detected

SMILES string

[Na+].CCCCCCCCCCCCOS([O-])(=O)=O

InChI

1S/C12H26O4S.Na/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-16-17(13,14)15;/h2-12H2,1H3,(H,13,14,15);/q;+1/p-1

InChI key

DBMJMQXJHONAFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-M

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General description

Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) is an anionic detergent suitable to denature proteins. It has a long-chain aliphatic group with negatively charged sulfate attached. This makes SDS an amphipathic detergent.

Application

Sodium dodecyl sulfate has been used:
  • in chromatin immunoprecipitation
  • in SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE)
  • as a component of radioimmunoprecipitation assay buffer for immunoblotting
Used to solubilize and denature proteins for denaturing-PAGE. Most proteins bind SDS in a ratio of 1.4 g SDS per gram of protein. The charges intrinsic to the protein become insignificant compared to the overall negative charge provided by the bound SDS. The charge to mass ratio is essentially the same for each protein and will migrate in the gel based only on their size.
Anionic detergent

Packaging

25, 100, 500 g in poly bottle
1 kg in poly bottle

Analysis Note

Tested for use in denatured polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis.

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 3 - Eye Dam. 1 - Flam. Sol. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

4.1B - Flammable solid hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

338.0 °F

Flash Point(C)

170 °C

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Shane Stegeman et al.
Endocrine-related cancer, 22(2), 265-276 (2015-02-12)
The oncogene MDM4, also known as MDMX or HDMX, contributes to cancer susceptibility and progression through its capacity to negatively regulate a range of genes with tumour-suppressive functions. As part of a recent genome-wide association study it was determined that
Kazuya Ishikawa et al.
Nature communications, 5, 5430-5430 (2014-11-13)
Pathogen effector proteins are delivered to host cells to suppress plant immunity. However, the mechanisms by which effector proteins function are largely unknown. Here we show that expression of XopP(Xoo), an effector of rice pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae, in
S Bavamian et al.
Molecular psychiatry, 20(5), 573-584 (2015-01-28)
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a heritable neuropsychiatric disorder with largely unknown pathogenesis. Given their prominent role in brain function and disease, we hypothesized that microRNAs (miRNAs) might be of importance for BD. Here we show that levels of miR-34a, which
Hannah M Kaneb et al.
Human molecular genetics, 24(5), 1363-1373 (2014-10-26)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the selective death of motor neurons. Causative mutations in the global RNA-processing proteins TDP-43 and FUS among others, as well as their aggregation in ALS patients, have identified defects
Tadayoshi Hayata et al.
Journal of bone and mineral research : the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, 30(2), 318-329 (2014-08-27)
Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β signaling plays critical roles during skeletal development and its excessive signaling causes genetic diseases of connective tissues including Marfan syndrome and acromelic dysplasia. However, the mechanisms underlying prevention of excessive TGF-β signaling in skeletogenesis remain unclear.

Protocols

Plasmid DNA Preparation

Preparation of Plasmid DNA by Alkaline Lysis with SDS: Maxipreparation between Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press and our research team.

Hand-casting gels for PAGE and SDS-PAGE using TurboMix™ Bis-Tris Gel Casting Kits

Overview of polyacrylamide gel chemistry and detailed instructions for hand-casting polyacrylamide gels using TurboMix™ Bis-Tris Gel Casting Kits

Related Content

Lysis & Protein Extraction

An overview of cell lysis and protein extraction methods including detergent solubilization, freeze-thaw lysis, osmotic shock, sonication, enzymatic cell lysis, and mechanical disruption techniques such as Dounce, Polytron, and mortar and pestle homogenization.

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

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