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L5418

Sigma-Aldrich

Lipopolysaccharides from Escherichia coli O55:B5

Ready Made solution, 1 mg/mL

Synonym(s):
LPS
MDL number:

Quality Level

biological source

Escherichia coli (O55:B5)

form

aqueous solution

concentration

1 mg/mL

shipped in

wet ice

storage temp.

2-8°C

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General description

This product is a 0.2 um filtered aqueous solution containing 1 mg/mL of lipopolysaccharides (LPS) from E. coli serotype O55:B5. The source strain is CDC 1644-70. This LPS serotype has been used in studies of septic shock and to induce myocarditis.

Application

Lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) are characteristic components of the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria. LPS and its lipid A moiety stimulate cells of the innate immune system by the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), a member of the Toll-like receptor protein family, which recognizes common pathogen-associated molecular-patterns (PAMPs).

Biochem/physiol Actions

Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are localized in the outer layer of the membrane and are, in noncapsulated strains, exposed on the cell surface. They contribute to the integrity of the outer membrane, and protect the cell against the action of bile salts and lipophilic antibiotics.

Preparation Note

The LPS used to prepare the solution have been phenol-extracted and chromatographically purified by gel filtration. Lipopolysaccharides prepared by phenol extraction contain up to 60% RNA and less than 1% protein. Subsequent purification by gel filtration chromatography removes much of protein present in the phenol-extracted LPS, but leaves a product that still contains 10-20% nucleic acids. Further purification using ion exchange chromatography yields an LPS product which contains <1% protein and <1% RNA.

Storage Class Code

12 - Non Combustible Liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Qing Lu et al.
American journal of physiology. Lung cellular and molecular physiology, 301(6), L847-L857 (2011-10-11)
Cigarette smoke (CS) is a major cause of chronic lung and cardiovascular diseases. Recent studies indicate that tobacco use is also a risk factor for acute lung injury (ALI) associated with blunt trauma. Increased endothelial cell (EC) permeability is a...
Eric Danilo Pauls Sotelo et al.
Veterinary sciences, 7(2) (2020-05-06)
Several studies in human and equine medicine have produced controversial results regarding the role of dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) as a therapeutic agent. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of joint lavage with different DMSO concentrations on biomarkers of synovial fluid...
Janny C de Grauw et al.
Arthritis research & therapy, 11(2), R35-R35 (2009-03-11)
Inflammation is an important feature of many joint diseases, and levels of cartilage biomarkers measured in synovial fluid may be influenced by local inflammatory status. Little is known about the magnitude and time course of inflammation-induced changes in cartilage tissue...
Michiel Croes et al.
Acta biomaterialia, 110, 266-279 (2020-04-29)
The rise of additive manufacturing has provided a paradigm shift in the fabrication of precise, patient-specific implants that replicate the physical properties of native bone. However, eliciting an optimal biological response from such materials for rapid bone integration remains a...
Long-Xiang Su et al.
Chinese medical journal, 132(11), 1336-1343 (2019-03-19)
It has recently been recognized that serum vimentin is elevated in infectious diseases, and that vimentin plays a role in regulating neutrophils and macrophages associated inflammation. However, the mechanisms are unclear. This study was designed to explore the role of...

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Lipopolysaccharides

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is the major component of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. Lipopolysaccharide is localized in the outer layer of the membrane and is, in noncapsulated strains, exposed on the cell surface.

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