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Mycophenolic acid


6-(1,3-Dihydro-7-hydroxy-5-methoxy-4-methyl-1-oxoisobenzofuran-6-yl)-4-methyl-4-hexanoic acid, 6-(4-Hydroxy-6-methoxy-7-methyl-3-oxo-5-phthalanyl)-4-methyl-4-hexenoic acid, NSC 129185
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

biological source

Penicillium brevicompactum




white to yellow-white


<143.0 °C


methanol: 49.00-51.00 mg/mL, clear, colorless to faintly yellow

Mode of action

enzyme | inhibits



storage temp.


SMILES string




InChI key


Gene Information

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50, 250 mg in serum bottle


Mycophenolic acid (MPA), produced by Penicillum brevi-compactum, is a selective inhibitor of inosine monphosphate dehydrogenase, thus inhibiting DNA synthesis in T and B lymphocytes. It has also been shown to act as an immunosuppressive agent, and as an inducer of monocyte differentiation and apoptosis in human lymphoid and monocytic cell lines. As a selection agent, MPA is used for transfected animal cells expressing the E. Coli gene for xanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase, and is recommended for use at 25μg/mL.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Mode of Action: This product acts by suppressing the cytokine-induced nitric oxide production, inhibiting early stage biosynthesis of purine nucleotides and as a specific inhibitor of IMP dehydrogenase.

Features and Benefits

This compound was developed by Novartis. To browse the list of other pharma-developed compounds and Approved Drugs/Drug Candidates, click here.


As supplied, this product should be stored desiccated at 2-8°C, and is stable for 5 years when stored properly.

Preparation Note

Mycophenolic acid is soluble in methanol at 50 mg/mL, yielding a colorless to faint yellow solution, as well as chloroform, dichloromethane, ethanol and .1 N NaOH. After reconstitution, the recommendation is to sterilize via filtration thorugh a 0.22 μm pore-size filter, aliquot, and freeze at -20°C.

Signal Word


Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1 - Muta. 2 - Repr. 1B - STOT RE 1 Oral

Target Organs

Immune system

Storage Class Code

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects



Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

More documents

Quotes and Ordering

Guste Urbonaite et al.
Communications biology, 4(1), 822-822 (2021-07-02)
Stochastic gene expression leads to inherent variability in expression outcomes even in isogenic single-celled organisms grown in the same environment. The Drop-Seq technology facilitates transcriptomic studies of individual mammalian cells, and it has had transformative effects on the characterization of
Hylke de Jonge et al.
Therapeutic drug monitoring, 31(4), 416-435 (2009-06-19)
Although therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of immunosuppressive drugs has been an integral part of routine clinical practice in solid organ transplantation for many years, ongoing research in the field of immunosuppressive drug metabolism, pharmacokinetics, pharmacogenetics, pharmacodynamics, and clinical TDM keeps
Burkhard Tönshoff et al.
Transplantation reviews (Orlando, Fla.), 25(2), 78-89 (2011-04-02)
Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is widely used for maintenance immunosuppressive therapy in pediatric renal and heart transplant recipients. Children undergo developmental changes (ontogeny) of drug disposition, which may affect drug metabolism of the active compound mycophenolic acid (MPA). Therefore, a detailed
Christine E Staatz et al.
Clinical pharmacokinetics, 50(12), 759-772 (2011-11-18)
This review seeks to summarize the available data about Bayesian estimation of area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) and dosage prediction for mycophenolic acid (MPA) and evaluate whether sufficient evidence is available for routine use of Bayesian dosage prediction
Dirk R J Kuypers et al.
Clinical journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN, 5(2), 341-358 (2010-01-09)
With the increasing use of mycophenolic acid (MPA) in solid organ transplantation, the need for more accurate drug dosing has become evident. Personalized immunosuppressive therapy requires better strategies for avoidance of drug-related toxicity while maintaining efficacy. Few studies have assessed


Nucleotide Synthesis in Cancer Cells

Neoplastic cells are highly dependent on the de novo synthesis of nucleotides to maintain sufficient pools to support DNA replication and the production of RNA.

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