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Murashige and Skoog Basal Salt Mixture (MS)

powder, suitable for plant cell culture




Quality Level


cell culture | plant: suitable

Featured Industry


shipped in


storage temp.



Murashige and Skoog medium is a widely used plant tissue culture growth medium. M&S Basal Medium contains macronutrients that include high levels of nitrate and organic additives such as agar, sugars, vitamins and growth regulators. Important growth regulators frequently added to M&S include IAA (auxin/morphogen) and the Kinetin (cytokinin/cell division promoter).

Formula variant

With the macro- and micronutrients as described by Murashige and Skoog (1962).

Media Formulation


Formulated to contain 4.3 grams of powder per liter of medium.

Preparation Note

Murashige and Skoog medium can be reconstituted from powder or by combining products that are major components of complete M&S medium, such as macronutrient mixtures and vitamin mixtures. Murashige and Skoog Salt mixture (M5524) contains the macronutrients and micronutrients of the original classic formulation. It can be combined with M&S vitamins or Gamborg′s vitamins and supplemented with sucrose, agar, auxins (IAA) and cytokinins (Kinetin) to generate a complete medium for growth plant tissue culture.

Other Notes

Powdered media are extremely hygroscopic and must be protected from atmospheric moisture. If possible the entire contents of each package should be used immediately after opening.

Store dry medium in a desiccator at 0-5 °C.

Deterioration of powdered medium may be recognized by: 1) color change; 2) granulation, clumping, or particulate matter throughout the powder; 3) insolubility; 4) pH change; or 5) inability to promote growth when properly used.

Media Preparation


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Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - Ox. Sol. 3

Storage Class Code

5.1B - Oxidizing hazardous materials

WGK Germany


Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Chien-Yu Huang et al.
Plant physiology, 174(4), 2248-2260 (2017-06-15)
Plant cytosolic lipid droplets (LDs) are covered with a layer of phospholipids and oleosin and were extensively studied before those in mammals and yeast. Oleosin has short amphipathic N- and C-terminal peptides flanking a conserved 72-residue hydrophobic hairpin, which penetrates...
Joanna Banasiak et al.
Frontiers in plant science, 11, 18-18 (2020-03-03)
Strigolactones (SLs) are plant-derived signaling molecules that stimulate the hyphal branching of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), and consequently promote symbiotic interaction between the fungus and the plant. Currently, our knowledge on the molecular mechanism of SL transport is restricted to...
Tohru Ariizumi et al.
The Plant cell, 20(9), 2447-2459 (2008-10-02)
This article presents evidence that DELLA repression of gibberellin (GA) signaling is relieved both by proteolysis-dependent and -independent pathways in Arabidopsis thaliana. DELLA proteins are negative regulators of GA responses, including seed germination, stem elongation, and fertility. GA stimulates GA...
Pyae Phyo et al.
Plant physiology, 175(4), 1593-1607 (2017-11-01)
At early stages of Arabidopsis (
Songfeng Wang et al.
The Science of the total environment, 599-600, 332-339 (2017-05-10)
The nature and stability of bound residues (BRs) derived from the widely used brominated flame retardant tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) in fine-textured soil is unknown. We incubated


Classical Plant Media Formulations

Classical plant tissue culture media developed years ago by pioneers such as Murashige, Skoog, Gamborg, and others still play a vital role in plant tissue culture research today.

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

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