Merck
All Photos(4)

M7397

Sigma-Aldrich

L-(−)-Malic acid

suitable for cell culture, BioReagent, suitable for insect cell culture

Synonym(s):
L-Hydroxybutanedioic acid, (S)-(−)-2-Hydroxysuccinic acid
Linear Formula:
HO2CCH2CH(OH)CO2H
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
134.09
Beilstein:
1723541
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.75

Quality Level

biological source

microbial

product line

BioReagent

assay

≥95% (titration)

form

powder

technique(s)

cell culture | insect: suitable
cell culture | mammalian: suitable

mp

101-103 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: 100 mg/mL, clear to slightly hazy, colorless

SMILES string

O[C@@H](CC(O)=O)C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C4H6O5/c5-2(4(8)9)1-3(6)7/h2,5H,1H2,(H,6,7)(H,8,9)/t2-/m0/s1

InChI key

BJEPYKJPYRNKOW-REOHCLBHSA-N

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General description

Malic acid is used as a component of insect tissue culture. It is also useful as an acidulant in soft drinks, jams, fruit and vegetable juices.

Application

Malic acid has been used:
  • to induce basal respiration in mitochondrial cell culture
  • to measure the mitochondrial ETC (electron transport chain) activity
  • as a component of mitochondrial substrate stock

Packaging

25, 100, 500 g in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Malic acid is a part of cellular metabolism. Its application is recognized in pharmaceutics. It is useful in the treatment of hepatic malfunctioning, effective against hyper-ammonemia. It is used as a part of amino acid infusion. Malic acid also serves as a nanomedicine in the treatment of brain neurological disorders. A TCA (Krebs cycle) intermediate and partner in the malic acid aspartate shuttle.

Pictograms

Exclamation mark

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

Analysis of regional brain mitochondrial bioenergetics and susceptibility to mitochondrial inhibition utilizing a microplate based system
Sauerbeck A, et al.
Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 198(1), 36-43 (2011)
Continuous production of L-malic acid by immobilized Brevibacterium ammoniagenes cells
Yamamoto K, et al.
Europ. J. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 3(3), 169-183 (1976)
Invertebrate Tissue Culture, 11-11 (2012)
Biotechnology, 238-238 (1990)
Increased mitochondrial electron transport chain activity at complex I is regulated by N-acetylcysteine in lymphocytes of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus
Doherty E, et al.
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling, 21(1), 56-65 (2014)

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