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N0267

Sigma-Aldrich

(±)-Nicotine

≥99% (TLC), liquid

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C10H14N2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
162.23
Beilstein:
82108
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
39151701
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

assay

≥99% (TLC)

form

liquid

optical activity

[α]25/D 0°(lit.)

color

yellow

solubility

ethanol: 50 mg/mL

density

1.02 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

CN1CCCC1c2cccnc2

InChI

1S/C10H14N2/c1-12-7-3-5-10(12)9-4-2-6-11-8-9/h2,4,6,8,10H,3,5,7H2,1H3

InChI key

SNICXCGAKADSCV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Application

(±)-Nicotine has been used:
  • as a supplement of high-glucose Dulbecco′s modified Eagle′s medium, to test its effect on mesenchymal stem cells
  • as a standard for the determination of nicotine concentration using phase high-pressure liquid chromatography
  • as a test compound to study its effects on fibril formation

Packaging

100, 500 mg in ampule
1 g in ampule

Biochem/physiol Actions

Prototype nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonist.
(±)-Nicotine is a tertiary amine compound that is predominantly present in tobacco. It binds to the nicotinic cholinergic receptors of the brain, autonomic ganglia and neuromuscular junction. Nicotine allosterically regulates a number of biological events such as production of growth hormone, dopamine, adrenocorticotropic hormone and prolactin. Nicotine absorption across biological membranes is pH sensitive, which alters its ionization state. Absorption of nicotine is shown to be higher at alkaline pH, when it remains unionized. Nicotine metabolism occurs extensively in the liver and it can cross placenta.

Other Notes

Tandem Mass Spectrometry data independently generated by Scripps Center for Metabolomics is available to view or download in PDF. N0267.pdf Tested metabolites are featured on Scripps Center for Metabolomics METLIN Metabolite Database. To learn more, visit sigma.com/metlin.

Pictograms

Skull and crossbonesEnvironment

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 2

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

213.8 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

101 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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