Merck
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O3125

Sigma-Aldrich

Ouabain octahydrate

≥95% (HPLC), powder

Synonym(s):
1β,3β,5β,11α,14,19-Hexahydroxycard-20(22)-enolide 3-(6-deoxy-α-L-mannopyranoside), Acocantherine, G-Strophanthin
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C29H44O12 · 8H2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
728.77
Beilstein:
101712
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

biological source

plant seeds (Strophantus gratus)

assay

≥95% (HPLC)

form

powder

optical activity

[α]25/D −31 to −32.5° in H2O(lit.)

impurities

~8 mol/mol water

color

white

mp

260 °C

solubility

H2O: 10 mg/mL (cold)
ethanol: 10 mg/mL
H2O: 50 mg/mL (hot)

ε (extinction coefficient)

15.5 at 220 nm in H2O at 1 mM

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

O.O.O.O.O.O.O.O.C[C@@H]1O[C@@H](O[C@H]2C[C@@H](O)[C@]3(CO)[C@H]4[C@H](O)C[C@]5(C)[C@H](CC[C@]5(O)[C@@H]4CC[C@]3(O)C2)C6=CC(=O)OC6)[C@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]1O

InChI

1S/C29H44O12.8H2O/c1-13-22(34)23(35)24(36)25(40-13)41-15-8-19(32)28(12-30)21-17(3-5-27(28,37)9-15)29(38)6-4-16(14-7-20(33)39-11-14)26(29,2)10-18(21)31;;;;;;;;/h7,13,15-19,21-25,30-32,34-38H,3-6,8-12H2,1-2H3;8*1H2/t13-,15-,16+,17+,18+,19+,21+,22-,23+,24+,25-,26+,27-,28+,29-;;;;;;;;/m0......../s1

InChI key

TYBARJRCFHUHSN-DMJRSANLSA-N

Gene Information

human ... ATIC(471)
rat ... Atp1b1(25650)

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General description

Ouabain is a steroid hormone, naturally present in mammals.

Application

Ouabain octahydrate has been used:
  • to determine the effect of salt and ammonia in the external environment on the rate of activity of Na+ /K+ in either silver or golden perch
  • in the basolateral compartment to induce maximal baseline short-circuit current in rat fetal distal lung epithelial (FDLE) cells
  • as an Na+/K+ ATPase inhibitor to study the relation between blister formation and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) dependent maintenance of plasma membrane homeostasis

Biochem/physiol Actions

Ouabain has its specific binding site on integral proteins of the plasma membrane. Heart disease is treated using ouabain derivatives. Increased ouabain production is observed during exercise in humans. Abnormally high levels of ouabain are indicated in congestive heart failure and hypertension. Ouabain signalling affects intracellular calcium levels, which is known to activate nuclear factor κB (NFκB).
Cardiac glycoside, inhibits Na(+)/K(+) ATPase, regulates transcription of MDR (increase, Pgp) and MRP (increase MRP1 and decrease CFTR, cyctic fibrosis transport receptor or cAMP-activated Cl- channel) genes, also alters localization of MRP1. Ouabain resistance is associated with appearance of Na(+)/K(+) ATPase isoforms with low binding affinity.

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for ADME Tox research. Click here to discover more featured ADME Tox products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.

Caution

Aqueous solutions can be autoclaved.

Pictograms

Skull and crossbonesHealth hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - STOT RE 2

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

Male sex is associated with a reduced alveolar epithelial sodium transport
Kaltofen T, et al.
PLoS ONE, 10(8), e0136178-e0136178 (2015)
Juliana Sorraila de Oliveira et al.
Neurotoxicology, 57, 241-250 (2016-11-05)
The present study aimed to investigate the effects of berberine (BRB) on spatial and learning memory, anxiety, acetylcholinesterase activity and cell death in an experimental model of intracerebroventricular streptozotocin (ICV-STZ) induced sporadic Alzheimer's-like dementia. Sixty male Wistar rats were randomly
Maria A Lim et al.
Frontiers in pharmacology, 8, 818-818 (2017-12-01)
Despite a broad spectrum of anti-arthritic drugs currently on the market, there is a constant demand to develop improved therapeutic agents. Efficient compound screening and rapid evaluation of treatment efficacy in animal models of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can accelerate the
Depletion of the central metabolite NAD leads to oncosis mediated cell death
Del Nagro CX, et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, jbc-M114 (2014)
S J Veerasingham et al.
The American journal of physiology, 276(1 Pt 2), H63-H70 (1999-01-14)
To examine the role of the ventral anteroventral third ventricle (vAV3V) in the hypertension induced by chronic subcutaneous ouabain and intracerebroventricular hypertonic saline, neurons in this area were destroyed by microinjection of an excitotoxin, ibotenic acid. Sham-operated or lesioned Wistar

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