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Poly-L-lysine hydrobromide

mol wt 70,000-150,000 by viscosity

CAS Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level



mol wt

70,000-150,000 by viscosity


cell culture | mammalian: suitable


white to off-white

storage temp.


SMILES string




InChI key


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Poly-L-lysine polymers can be used in promoting cell adhesion to solid substrates, conjugation to methotrexate for increased drug transport, microencapsulation of islets, cell microencapsulation technology, microarray glass slide coating, and chromosomal preparations. Lower molecular weight poly-L-lysine (30,000-70,000) is less viscuous in solution, but higher molecular weight versions provide more attachment sites per molecule.

Poly-L-lysine hydrobromide is used for the following applications:
  • Used for some experiments with REF-52 cells, for coating
  • For electrophysiological experiments, cells were seeded on poly-L-lysine hydrobromide coated or uncoated cover-slips
  • Cell culture of rat neurons
  • Indirect binding of monoclonal antibody via poly-llysine


25, 100, 500 mg in poly bottle
1 g in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Poly-L-lysine is a nonspecific attachment factor for cells useful in promoting cell adhesion to solid substrates by enhancing electrostatic interaction between negatively charged ions of the cell membrane and the culture surface. When it is absorbed to the cell culture surface, poly-L-lysine functions to increase the number of positively charged sites available for cell binding. With cells that can digest poly-L-lysine, poly-D-lysine should be used as the attachment factor.


Poly-L-lysine is a positively charged amino acid polymer with approximately one HBr per lysine residue. The hydrobromide allows the poly-L-lysine to be in a crystalline form soluble in water. A small amount of product may be found in the beta structure because the HBr interferes with hydrogen bonding between amino and either the carboxyl groups or N or O containing moieties.


Sterile solutions are stable for up to 2 years when stored at 2-8°C. It should be stored desiccated at -20°C.

Preparation Note

This product has a molecular weight of 70,000-150,000. To remove the HBr, dissolve this product in a neutral buffer and dialyze to remove the salts. None of the poly-L-lysine products have been exposed to trifluoroacetic acid and are dialyzed to remove any monomers, dimmers, or trimers, confirmed by thin layer chromatography. In general, to use this product as an attachment factor, add 50 mL of sterile tissue culture grade water to 5 mg of poly-lysine, and aseptically coat the surface with 1 mL per 25 cm2 of solution. After 5 minutes, remove the solution through aspiration and thoroughly rinse the surface. Let dry for two hours before introducing cells and medium.

Analysis Note

Molecular weight based on viscosity and is also assayed by MALLS.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids



Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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The Journal of cell biology, 142(1), 181-190 (1998-07-14)
By co-injecting fluorescent tubulin and vinculin into fish fibroblasts we have revealed a "cross talk" between microtubules and early sites of substrate contact. This mutuality was first indicated by the targeting of vinculin-rich foci by microtubules during their growth towards
Y Kubo
The Journal of physiology, 442, 743-759 (1991-10-01)
1. Electrophysiological and immunohistochemical properties during the early stages of muscle differentiation were studied in two myoblastic cell lines, mouse C2C12 and rat L6, and compared to those in myogenic clonal cells derived from the mouse mesodermal stem cell line
Adrienne Tin et al.
Nature genetics, 51(10), 1459-1474 (2019-10-04)
Elevated serum urate levels cause gout and correlate with cardiometabolic diseases via poorly understood mechanisms. We performed a trans-ancestry genome-wide association study of serum urate in 457,690 individuals, identifying 183 loci (147 previously unknown) that improve the prediction of gout
Huihui Sun et al.
Biology of reproduction, 100(3), 649-659 (2018-10-09)
Endometriosis is a common multifactorial gynecological disorder defined as the proliferation of endometrial tissue outside of the uterine cavity. Neuroangiogenesis (co-recruitment of nerves and blood vessels) is believed to play an integral part in the establishment and growth of endometriotic
Y Kubo
The Journal of physiology, 442, 691-710 (1991-10-01)
1. ATP was puff applied to cells of a mesodermal stem cell line, C3H10T1/2, and the responses were studied by whole-cell patch clamp recording. 2. In 91% of the cells (90/99), K+ current lasting for tens of seconds was observed


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