All Photos(1)

P5640

Sigma-Aldrich

Prostaglandin E2

≥93% (HPLC), synthetic

Synonym(s):
PGE2, (5Z,11α,13E,15S)-11,15-Dihydroxy-9-oxoprosta-5,13-dienoic acid, Dinoprostone
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C20H32O5
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
352.47
Beilstein:
4709356
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
42020658
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

biological source

synthetic

assay

≥93% (HPLC)

form

powder

functional group

carboxylic acid
hydroxyl

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

O[C@@H]1CC([C@H](C/C=C\CCCC(O)=O)[C@H]1/C=C/[C@@H](O)CCCCC)=O

InChI

1S/C20H32O5/c1-2-3-6-9-15(21)12-13-17-16(18(22)14-19(17)23)10-7-4-5-8-11-20(24)25/h4,7,12-13,15-17,19,21,23H,2-3,5-6,8-11,14H2,1H3,(H,24,25)/b7-4-,13-12+/t15-,16+,17+,19+/m0/s1

InChI key

XEYBRNLFEZDVAW-ARSRFYASSA-N

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Related Categories

Packaging

1, 5, 10 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Most biologically active prostaglandin. PGE2 induces cervical ripening and parturition; mediates bradykinin-induced vasodilation; regulates adenylyl cyclase. Tumor cells that over-express cyclooxygenase 2 display increased invasiveness, angiogenesis, and resistance to apoptosis that may be due to the PGE2-induced expression of angiogenic factors and stabilization of the anti-apoptotic protein, survivin.The effect of PGE2 on the immune system is mixed. It inhibits T cell activation in vitro, suggesting it is an immunosuppressant. However, in vivo, it appears to effect expansion of the Th17 subset and differentiation of the Th1 subset of T helper cells, marking it as an immunoactivator.

Pictograms

Exclamation markHealth hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Repr. 1B

Storage Class Code

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 3

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

International Union of Pharmacology classification of prostanoid receptors: properties, distribution, and structure of the receptors and their subtypes.
R A Coleman et al.
Pharmacological reviews, 46(2), 205-229 (1994-06-01)
José L Maravillas-Montero et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 194(1), 29-33 (2014-11-21)
Chemokines are chemotactic cytokines that direct the traffic of leukocytes and other cells in the body. Chemokines bind to G protein-coupled receptors expressed on target cells to initiate signaling cascades and induce chemotaxis. Although the cognate receptors of most chemokines...
Yumeng Mao et al.
Cancer research, 73(13), 3877-3887 (2013-05-02)
Tumors can suppress the host immune system by employing a variety of cellular immune modulators, such as regulatory T cells, tumor-associated macrophages, and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC). In the peripheral blood of patients with advanced stage melanoma, there is an...
Takayuki Nakagawa
Hearing research, 276(1-2), 27-33 (2011-02-08)
Prostaglandins are one of the major groups of chemical mediators in the mammalian body. Among prostaglandins, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is the most abundant prostanoid in humans and involved in regulating many different fundamental biological functions. PGE2 signaling is mediated by...
Katrin D Mayer-Barber et al.
Nature, 511(7507), 99-103 (2014-07-06)
Tuberculosis remains second only to HIV/AIDS as the leading cause of mortality worldwide due to a single infectious agent. Despite chemotherapy, the global tuberculosis epidemic has intensified because of HIV co-infection, the lack of an effective vaccine and the emergence...

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