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Proteinase, bacterial

Type XXIV, 7.0-14.0 units/mg solid, lyophilized powder

Alkaline Protease, Protease from Bacillus licheniformis, Proteinase from Bacillus licheniformis, Subtilo peptidase A
CAS Number:
Enzyme Commission number:
EC Number:
MDL number:




lyophilized powder

specific activity

≤0.05 Kunitz units/mg solid RNase
≤5.0 Kunitz units/mg solid DNase
7.0-14.0 units/mg solid

mol wt

27 kDa

purified by


shipped in

wet ice

storage temp.



Subtilisin A is a member of the Serine S8 Endoproteinase family. It has broad specificity with a preference for a large uncharged residue in the P1 position. It hydrolyzes native and denatured proteins, and is active under alkaline conditions.


This is a proteolytic enzyme isolated from the fermentation of Bacillus licheniformis. It is a serine endoproteinase with a broad specificity towards native and denatured proteins, and is active under alkaline conditions. Product P8038, also known as Subtilisin Carlsberg, has been used to hydrolyze cardiac cells to study the silencing of cardiac mitochondrial NHE1.
The enzyme from Sigma has been used to optimize release of all mitochondrial populations from homogenized ventricular tissue of rat heart. It has also been used in the pre-hybridisation treatment of formalin fixed, paraffin wax-embedded liver specimens for detecting human and viral DNA.


1 g in glass bottle
50, 100, 250 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Proteinase catabolizes proteins by hydrolysis of peptide bonds. Proteases are inactivated by serine active-site inhibitors, such as phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF) and diisopropylfluorophosphate .

Physical properties

Subtilisin is a non-glycosylated single polypeptide chain without disulfide bonds and has a molecular weight of 27 KDa.

Unit Definition

One unit will hydrolyze casein to produce color equivalent to 1.0 μmole (181 μg) of tyrosine per min at pH 7.5 at 37 °C (color by Folin-Ciocalteu reagent).

Analysis Note

Amino acid analysis and isoelectric focusing electrophoresis consistent with subtilisin Carlsberg.

Signal Word


Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 2 - Eye Dam. 1 - Resp. Sens. 1 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids



Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

Technical Information

More documents

Quotes and Ordering

  1. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  2. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  3. How do I find price and availability?

    There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products. Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page. You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote.  USA customers:  1-800-325-3010 or view local office numbers.

  4. What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?

    Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product. 

  5. What is the pH optimum for Product P8038, Proteinase, bacterial?

    Two references cite pH 7.5 as optimal for this enzyme: (a) Ricks et al., Biotechnol. Prog., 8, 197-203 (1992), (b) Doswald et al., Bioorg. Med. Chem.,  2, 403-410 (1994).

  6. How long can I store stock solutions of Product P8038, Proteinase, bacterial?

    Our notes indicate that a 0.1% solution (1 mg/mL) in PBS or TBS can be stored for about a week at 0-4°C.  For longer term storage, we would advise freezing the stock solution in aliquots.

  7. What is the pI of Product P8038, Proteinase, bacterial?

    One reference gives a pI of 9.4 for subtilisin Carlsberg. See: Zacharis, E. et al., Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 96, 1201-1205 (1999).  

  8. What is the molecular weight (MW) of Product P8038, Proteinase, bacterial?

    The enzyme has a MW of 27.5-27.6 kDa. See DeLange & Smith, J. Biol. Chem., 243(9), 2134-2142 (1968).

  9. My question is not addressed here, how can I contact Technical Service for assistance?

    Ask a Scientist here.

Rebecca Anna-Maria Kenngott et al.
Cells, tissues, organs, 200(2), 153-170 (2015-05-23)
In the present investigation, bovine ovary prenatal development was studied using immunohistochemistry and laser-assisted microdissection (LAM). A major aim of this study was to evaluate the protein expression pattern of intermediate filaments (IF) and distinguish S100 protein (S100 alpha and
Joseph W Starnes et al.
Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985), 102(5), 1793-1798 (2007-02-17)
Exercise provides cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion injury, a process involving mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and calcium overload. This study tested the hypotheses that isolated mitochondria from hearts of endurance-trained rats have decreased ROS production and improved tolerance against Ca(2+)-induced
Christian Czernohlavek et al.
Biointerphases, 15(1), 011002-011002 (2020-01-18)
The implementation of self-assembled biomolecules on solid materials, in particular, sensor and electrode surfaces, gains increasing importance for the design of stable functional platforms, bioinspired materials, and biosensors. The present study reports on the formation of a planar hybrid lipid/polymer
N V Naoumov et al.
Journal of clinical pathology, 41(7), 793-798 (1988-07-01)
A rapid and reproducible technique for in situ hybridisation, using biotin labelled probes for the Y chromosome, human DNA, hepatitis B virus DNA and cytomegalovirus DNA on formalin fixed, paraffin embedded liver tissue, was developed. The degree of proteolytic digestion
María C Villa-Abrille et al.
American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, 300(4), H1237-H1251 (2011-02-08)
Inhibition of Na(+)/H(+) exchanger 1 (NHE1) reduces cardiac ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury and also cardiac hypertrophy and failure. Although the mechanisms underlying these NHE1-mediated effects suggest delay of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) opening, and reduction of mitochondrial-derived superoxide production, the

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