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IL-10 human

Animal-component free, recombinant, expressed in E. coli, ≥98% (SDS-PAGE), ≥98% (HPLC)


biological source



expressed in E. coli


≥98% (HPLC)
≥98% (SDS-PAGE)




≤2.0 ng/mL

mol wt

18.6 kDa


pkg of 10 μg


endotoxin, tested

UniProt accession no.

shipped in

wet ice

storage temp.


Gene Information

human ... IL10(3586)

General description

Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is an immunosuppressive cytokine produced by a variety of mammalian cell types including macrophages, monocytes, T cells, B cells and keratinocytes. Human IL-10 active on murine cells, but murine IL-10 is inactive on human cells. The gene encoding this protein is localized on human chromosome 1q31-32. Recombinant human IL-10 is an 18.6 kDa protein of 161 amino acid residues. Interleukin 10 (IL-10) comprises interferon IFN-γ fold and exists as a symmetric homodimer. It shares structural similarity with interferon γ (IFN-γ).


Interleukin 10 (IL-10) human has been used in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is an anti-inflammatory protein that inhibits the expression of proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-1 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). Like IL-4, IL-10 enhances humoral immune responses and attenuates cell-mediated immune reactions. It inhibits the production of IFN-γ and antigen-specific proliferation of type-1 T helper cells (Th1). It protects the host tissue from damage during immune responses. The protein has a role in modulating viral immunity. IL-10 enhances cytokine production, natural killer cell proliferation and cytotoxicity in vitro. IL-10 is an immunosuppressive cytokine. It promotes wound repair and functions to resolve inflammation in the central nervous system. IL-10 mediates its signaling function through the interleukin receptors namely, IL-10RA and two IL-10RBs. The expression of IL-10 is regulated by signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 (SOCS3) ratios. Polymorphisms in the IL-10 gene is implicated in breast cancer.

Physical form

Lyophilized from 20 mM Sodium Phosphate, pH 7.2.


Centrifuge the vial prior to opening. Reconstitute in water to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/ml. Do not vortex. This solution can be stored at 2-8°C for up to 1 week. For extended storage, it is recommended to further dilute in a buffer containing a carrier protein (example 0.1% BSA) and store in working aliquots at -20°C to -80°C.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK Germany


Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Amanda R Burmeister et al.
Frontiers in cellular neuroscience, 12, 458-458 (2018-12-14)
Resident cells of the central nervous system (CNS) play an important role in detecting insults and initiating protective or sometimes detrimental host immunity. At peripheral sites, immune responses follow a biphasic course with the rapid, but transient, production of inflammatory...
K Josephson et al.
Immunity, 15(1), 35-46 (2001-08-04)
Interleukin 10 (IL-10) is a dimeric cytokine that plays a central role in suppressing inflammatory responses. These activities are dependent on the interaction of IL-10 with its high-affinity receptor (IL-10R1). This intermediate complex must subsequently recruit the low-affinity IL-10R2 chain...
Elnaz Sheikhpour et al.
Reports of biochemistry & molecular biology, 7(1), 30-37 (2018-10-17)
Interleukin (IL)-10, a multifunctional immune-regulatory cytokine with both immunosuppressive and anti-angiogenic functions, is produced by immune cells including macrophages, T lymphocytes, and natural killer cells. Among other effects, IL-10 promotes tumor cell proliferation and metastasis via immunosuppression. Interleukin-10-mediated immunosuppression is...
Infection of human macrophages and Dendritic Cells with Mycobacterium tuberculosis Induces a Differential Cytokine Gene Expression That Modulates T Cell response
Journal of Immunology (2001)
IL-10: A Multifunctional Cytokine in Viral Infections
Jose M. Rojas
Journal of immunology research (2017)

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