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Yee-Ki Lee et al.
Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology, 466(9), 1831-1844 (2013-12-12)
Friedreich ataxia (FRDA), a recessive neurodegenerative disorder commonly associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, is due to GAA repeat expansions within the first intron of the frataxin (FXN) gene encoding the mitochondrial protein involved in iron-sulfur cluster biosynthesis. The triplet codon repeats
Guohua Gong et al.
American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, 309(7), H1166-H1177 (2015-08-16)
Mitochondrial respiration through electron transport chain (ETC) activity generates ATP and reactive oxygen species in eukaryotic cells. The modulation of mitochondrial respiration in vivo or under physiological conditions remains elusive largely due to the lack of appropriate approach to monitor
Ilaria Naldi et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e98101-e98101 (2014-05-24)
Epigenetic events are critical contributors to the pathogenesis of cancer, and targeting epigenetic mechanisms represents a novel strategy in anticancer therapy. Classic demethylating agents, such as 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (Decitabine), hold the potential for reprograming somatic cancer cells demonstrating high therapeutic efficacy
Sung Sun Yim et al.
Biotechnology and bioengineering, 113(1), 163-172 (2015-07-03)
Corynebacterium glutamicum, which has been for long an industrial producer of various L-amino acids, nucleic acids, and vitamins, is now also regarded as a potential host for the secretory production of recombinant proteins. To harness its potential as an industrial
Tiphanie Goetstouwers et al.
PloS one, 9(8), e105013-e105013 (2014-08-20)
F4 enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (F4 ETEC) are an important cause of diarrhea in neonatal and newly-weaned pigs. Based on the predicted differential O-glycosylation patterns of the 2 MUC13 variants (MUC13A and MUC13B) in F4ac ETEC susceptible and F4ac ETEC resistant
Yanmin Zhang et al.
American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, 306(11), H1553-H1557 (2014-04-08)
Alterations in ECG QT intervals correlate with the risk of potentially fatal arrhythmias, for which transgenic murine hearts are becoming increasingly useful experimental models. However, QT intervals are poorly defined in murine ECGs. As a consequence, several different techniques have
Kalinda Watson et al.
The Science of the total environment, 542(Pt A), 672-684 (2015-11-08)
During disinfection, bromide, iodide and natural organic matter (NOM) in source waters can lead to the formation of brominated and/or iodinated disinfection by-products (DBPs), which are often more toxic than their chlorinated analogues. The objective of this study was to
Jordan P Lewandowski et al.
Developmental dynamics : an official publication of the American Association of Anatomists, 243(7), 928-936 (2014-03-19)
The vertebrate limb bud is a well-established system for studying the mechanisms driving growth and patterning of an embryonic tissue. However, approaches for manipulating gene expression are currently limited to time-consuming methods. Culturing primary limb bud cells could potentially be
Do no harm: calcium and phosphate supplementation in kidney transplant recipients.
Neeraj Singh et al.
Transplantation, 96(11), e81-e82 (2013-12-04)
Marwa Ahmed et al.
Chirality, 26(11), 754-763 (2014-03-08)
New affinity monolithic capillary columns of 150 µm internal diameter were prepared in situ fused glass capillary via either immobilization or encapsulation of Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB) on or within polymer monoliths, respectively. The immobilized lipase-based monoliths were prepared
Ewa Oledzka et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 16(9), 22205-22222 (2015-09-22)
The present study evaluated a new concept of combined scaffolds as a promising bone replacement material for patients with a bone tumour or bone metastasis. The scaffolds were composed of hydroxyapatite doped with selenium ions and a biodegradable polymer (linear
Deependra Kumar et al.
Bioorganic chemistry, 57, 57-64 (2014-09-16)
Some 5,6-dihydropyrazolo/pyrazolo[1,5-c]quinazoline derivatives were rationally designed, synthesized and evaluated for in vitro xanthine oxidase inhibitory activity for the first time. Some notions about structure activity relationships are presented. The compounds 6g, 6h and 6e were found to be significantly active
Lijun Zhu et al.
The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology, 66(11), 1534-1551 (2014-06-20)
Naftopidil (NAF) is a chiral compound with two enantiomers (R(+)-NAF and S(-)-NAF) and is used as a racemic mixture in clinical practice. This study aims to investigate the metabolism of NAF enantiomers in pooled human liver microsomes (HLMs) and cytochrome
Gülsel Yurtdaş Kırımlıoğlu et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 495(2), 816-826 (2015-09-22)
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a key neurotransmitter where it usually inhibits impulse transmission. GABA release blockage or postsynaptic reaction were determined to provoke epileptic convulsions. The aim of the present study was the development of brain-targeted, nanosized, nontoxic, biocompatible, highly
Aditya G Kohli et al.
Journal of controlled release : official journal of the Controlled Release Society, 191, 105-114 (2014-05-24)
Liposomes improve the pharmacokinetics and safety of rapidly cleared drugs, but have not yet improved the clinical efficacy compared to the non-encapsulated drug. This inability to improve efficacy may be partially due to the non-uniform distribution of liposomes in solid
Laurence Berthod et al.
Water research, 67, 292-298 (2014-10-10)
The partitioning of pharmaceuticals in the environment can be assessed by measuring their adsorption coefficients (Kd) between aqueous and solid phases. Measuring this coefficient in sewage sludge gives an indication of their partitioning behaviour in a wastewater treatment plant and
Xin Zhao et al.
Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology, 387(11), 1079-1089 (2014-08-12)
Arsenic trioxide (As2O3) is used to treat acute promyelocytic leukemia. However, the cardiotoxicity of long QT syndrome restricts its clinical application. Previous studies showed that As2O3 can damage the human ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG) current via disturbing its trafficking to cellular
Sven Brandt et al.
Thrombosis and haemostasis, 114(6), 1189-1198 (2015-08-01)
Short chain polyphosphates (polyP) are pro-coagulant and pro-inflammatory platelet released inorganic polymers. The platelet chemokine platelet factor 4 (PF4) binds to lipid A on bacteria, inducing an antibody mediated host defense mechanism, which can be misdirected against PF4/heparin complexes leading
Audrey-Anne Durand et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 17190-17190 (2015-11-27)
Many bark beetles belonging to the Dendroctonus genus carry bacterial and fungal microbiota, forming a symbiotic complex that helps the insect to colonize the subcortical environment of the host tree. However, the biodiversity of those bacteria at the surface of
Niyaz Al-Sharabi et al.
Tissue engineering. Part A, 20(21-22), 3063-3072 (2014-05-13)
Growth factors play an important role in osteo/odontogenic differentiation of human dental pulp cells (hDPCs). The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the biological effects of recombinant human growth differentiation factor 5 (rhGDF-5) alone and a cocktail
Ryutaro Ochi-ishi et al.
Molecular pain, 10, 53-53 (2014-08-17)
Paclitaxel is an effective chemotherapeutic agent widely used for the treatment of solid tumors. The major dose-limiting toxicity of paclitaxel is peripheral neuropathy. The mechanisms underlying the development and maintenance of paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy are still unclear, and there are
Valentina Manzo et al.
Talanta, 128, 486-492 (2014-07-26)
In this study, six non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) were extracted from water samples using the rotating-disk sorptive extraction (RDSE) technique. The extraction disk device contains a central cavity that allows for the incorporation of a powdered sorbent phase (Oasis™ HLB).
Basak Togar et al.
Cytotechnology, 67(6), 939-946 (2014-05-08)
The main objective of this study is to investigate the cytotoxic, genotoxic and antioxidant properties of zingiberene (ZBN) in an in vitro rat brain cell culture study. The cytotoxic effect was determined against the rat neuron and N2a neuroblastoma (N2a-NB)
Chenglong Ji et al.
Fish & shellfish immunology, 47(1), 79-84 (2015-09-04)
Inorganic arsenic is a known pollutant with two chemical forms, arsenite (As (III)) and arsenate (As (V)), in marine environment. Clam Ruditapes philippinarum is an important fishery species along the Bohai coast. In this study, the biological effects induced by
Cristina Vilanova et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 17163-17163 (2015-11-26)
Microbial communities are ubiquitous in both natural and artificial environments. However, microbial diversity is usually reduced under strong selection pressures, such as those present in habitats rich in recalcitrant or toxic compounds displaying antimicrobial properties. Caffeine is a natural alkaloid
Cara L Sherwood et al.
American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 307(8), C718-C726 (2014-08-22)
The airway epithelium provides a barrier that separates inhaled air and its various particulates from the underlying tissues. It provides key physiological functions in both sensing the environment and initiating appropriate innate immune defenses to protect the lung. Protease-activated receptor-2
Nam Ah Kim et al.
Drug development and industrial pharmacy, 41(2), 300-306 (2014-02-08)
Correlation of thermodynamic and secondary structural stability of proteins at various buffer pHs was investigated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), dynamic light scattering (DLS) and attenuated total reflection Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR). Recombinant human epithelial growth factor (rhEGF) was
Linda Vignozzi et al.
The journal of sexual medicine, 11(7), 1694-1708 (2014-05-23)
In subjects with erectile dysfunction responding poorly to sildenafil, metformin was reported to improve erections. The aim of this study is to investigate metformin's mechanism of action on erectile function, particularly focusing on adenosine (ADO) and nitric oxide (NO) signaling
Ł Sęczyk et al.
Food & function, 6(11), 3560-3566 (2015-08-26)
The study examined the effect of fortification of bean paste with onion skin phenolics. The antioxidant potential and in vitro digestibility of nutrients in the light of phenolic-food matrix interactions were studied. Bean paste was supplemented with onion skin extracts
E A Ustiugova et al.
Prikladnaia biokhimiia i mikrobiologiia, 48(6), 618-625 (2013-01-22)
The Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis 194-K strain has been established to be able to produce two bacteriocins, one of which was identified as the known lantibiotic nisin A, and the other 194-D bacteriocin represents a polypeptide with a 2589-Da molecular
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