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Xue Fu et al.
Toxicological sciences : an official journal of the Society of Toxicology, 139(2), 432-451 (2014-03-13)
Regulation of cellular copper (Cu) homeostasis involves Cu-transporting ATPases (Cu-ATPases), i.e., ATP7A and ATP7B. The question as to how these Cu-ATPases in brain barrier systems transport Cu, i.e., toward brain parenchyma, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), or blood, remained unanswered. This study
Renata Raina-Fulton
Journal of AOAC International, 97(4), 965-977 (2014-08-26)
This article reviews the chromatography/MS methodologies for analysis of pesticide residues of orphan and difficult chemical classes in a variety of sample matrixes including water, urine, blood, and food. The review focuses on pesticide classes that are not commonly included
Rune Gangsøy Kristiansen et al.
American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 307(10), G1024-G1031 (2014-09-27)
Glycine is an important ammoniagenic amino acid, which is increased in acute liver failure (ALF). We have previously shown that L-ornithine phenylacetate (OP) attenuates ammonia rise and intracranial pressure in pigs suffering from ALF but failed to demonstrate a stoichiometric
Francesca Spyrakis et al.
ChemMedChem, 9(7), 1501-1511 (2014-03-13)
Cystalysin from Treponema denticola is a pyridoxal 5'-phosphate dependent lyase that catalyzes the formation of pyruvate, ammonia, and sulfide from cysteine. It is a virulence factor in adult periodontitis because its reaction contributes to hemolysis, which sustains the pathogen. Therefore
Jing Wu et al.
Toxicology letters, 232(3), 573-579 (2014-12-30)
T-2 toxin is a secondary metabolite produced by Fusarium genus and is a common contaminant in food and feedstuffs of cereal origin. In porcine granulosa cells(GC), T-2 toxin has been shown to inhibit the steroidogenesis; however, the mechanism has not
Sen Zhang et al.
Biotechnology and applied biochemistry, 62(2), 255-259 (2014-06-13)
To achieve efficient production of succinyldaidzin and succinylgenistin, resting cells of a solvent-stable strain Bacillus licheniformis ZSP01 were used to react with pure isoflavones or soybean flour extract in a reaction medium with 10% dimethyl sulfoxide. Strikingly, 0.8 mM daidzein
Christopher Edge et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 109, 124-132 (2014-09-01)
Herbicides and fertilizers are widely used throughout the world and pose a threat to aquatic ecosystems. Using a replicated, whole ecosystem experiment in which 24 small wetlands were split in half with an impermeable barrier we tested whether exposure to
Cristina M Ramírez et al.
Journal of lipid research, 55(6), 1066-1076 (2014-04-15)
ABCA1 is a major regulator of cellular cholesterol efflux and plasma HDL biogenesis. Even though the transcriptional activation of ABCA1 is well established, the posttranscriptional regulation of ABCA1 expression is poorly understood. Here, we investigate the potential contribution of the
Seonil Kim et al.
PLoS biology, 12(7), e1001900-e1001900 (2014-07-02)
Homeostatic synaptic plasticity is a negative-feedback mechanism for compensating excessive excitation or inhibition of neuronal activity. When neuronal activity is chronically suppressed, neurons increase synaptic strength across all affected synapses via synaptic scaling. One mechanism for this change is alteration
Ma Paz Zafra et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 16(3), 5434-5451 (2015-03-13)
Eosinophils are one of the key inflammatory cells in asthma. Eosinophils can exert a wide variety of actions through expression and secretion of multiple molecules. Previously, we have demonstrated that eosinophils purified from peripheral blood from asthma patients express high
Laszlo G Harsing et al.
Acta physiologica Hungarica, 99(1), 1-17 (2012-03-20)
Glycine is a mandatory positive allosteric modulator of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-type ionotropic glutamate receptors in the central nervous system. Elevation of glycine concentrations by inhibition of its reuptake in the vicinity of NMDA receptors may positively influence receptor functions as glycine
Kazuaki Kawaura et al.
Behavioural brain research, 278, 186-192 (2014-10-11)
Glutamatergic dysfunction, particularly the hypofunction of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors, is involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. The positive modulation of the glycine site on the NMDA receptor has been proposed as a novel therapeutic approach for schizophrenia. However, its efficacy
Z X Xie et al.
Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition, 99(3), 492-500 (2014-10-01)
Increased levels of plasma free amino acids (pFAAs) can disturb the blood glucose levels in patients with obesity, diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome (MS) and are associated with enhanced protein oxidation. Oxidation of proteins, especially in the muscles, can promote
Stefan Hausmann et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0122689-e0122689 (2015-04-04)
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a generally fatal plasma cell cancer that often shows activation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/Akt (PI3K/Akt) pathway. Targeted pharmacologic therapies, however, have not yet progressed beyond the clinical trial stage, and given the complexity of the PI3K/Akt
Jinsheng Xu et al.
Experimental and therapeutic medicine, 9(3), 1028-1034 (2015-02-11)
Vascular calcification, a common complication in patients with chronic kidney disease, involves a variety of mechanisms associated with the regulation of calcification-associated factors. Previous clinical studies have indicated that magnesium is involved in the reduction of vascular calcification; however, the
Anne M Friel et al.
Cancer letters, 356(2 Pt B), 434-442 (2014-10-12)
Endometrial cancer is the leading gynecologic cancer in women in the United States with 52,630 women predicted to be diagnosed with the disease in 2014. The objective of this study was to determine if progesterone (P4) receptor membrane component 1
Robert J Harvey et al.
Nature reviews. Drug discovery, 12(11), 866-885 (2013-11-01)
Glycine transporters are endogenous regulators of the dual functions of glycine, which acts as a classical inhibitory neurotransmitter at glycinergic synapses and as a modulator of neuronal excitation mediated by NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptors at glutamatergic synapses. The two major subtypes
Tae-kyung Kwak et al.
BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 14, 419-419 (2014-10-28)
Osteopontin (OPN) is one of important molecular targets in cancer progression, metastasis as a calcium-binding, extracellular-matrix-associated protein of the small integrin-binding ligand and, N-linked glycoprotein. In the present study, anti-metastatic mechanism of ethanol extracts of Ocimum sanctum (EEOS) was elucidated
Tatiana Ederich Lehnen et al.
Clinical and experimental pharmacology & physiology, 41(12), 986-994 (2014-09-17)
Statins have a beneficial effect after myocardial infarction, but the relationship between glucose transporters and their use before the event has not yet been studied. We assessed the effects of atorvastatin treatment pre- and post-myocardial infarction on cardiovascular function and
Na Gao et al.
Molecular and cellular biochemistry, 398(1-2), 217-222 (2014-09-23)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) is an important active substance of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). The present study has confirmed that abnormalities of Ang II may be related with cerebrovascular diseases, endocrine diseases, cardiovascular diseases, liver diseases, such as: cerebral hypoxia
Jean Paul Dzoyem et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 156, 1-8 (2014-08-26)
Culinary herbs and spices are widely used ethnomedically across Africa. They are traditionally employed in the treatment of several ailments including inflammation disorders, pain alleviation and infectious diseases. Pharmacological studies are necessary to provide a scientific basis to substantiate their
Robert A Gelfand et al.
The journal of sexual medicine, 12(2), 313-327 (2014-12-17)
The success of medical therapies for Peyronie's disease (PD) has not been optimal, possibly because many of them went directly to clinical application without sufficient preclinical scientific research. Previous studies revealed cellular and molecular pathways involved in the formation of
Serena Giuliano et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e110073-e110073 (2014-12-04)
Nasu-Hakola disease (NHD) is a recessively inherited rare disorder characterized by a combination of neuropsychiatric and bone symptoms which, while being unique to this disease, do not provide a rationale for the unambiguous identification of patients. These individuals, in fact
Yuan Z Feng et al.
American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 308(7), C548-C556 (2015-01-23)
Exercise improves insulin sensitivity and oxidative capacity in skeletal muscles. However, the effect of exercise on substrate oxidation is less clear in obese and type 2 diabetic subjects than in lean subjects. We investigated glucose and lipid metabolism and gene
Darren M Hutt et al.
PloS one, 9(8), e106224-e106224 (2014-08-29)
Hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) is a master regulator of tumor angiogenesis being one of the major targets for cancer therapy. Previous studies have shown that Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors (HDACi) block tumor angiogenesis through the inhibition of HIF-1α expression. As
Rachel M DeVay et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0125127-e0125127 (2015-04-24)
Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is a soluble protein that directs membrane-bound receptors to lysosomes for degradation. In the most studied example of this, PCSK9 binding leads to the degradation of low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR), significantly affecting circulating
Ruixi Li et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(1), E89-E98 (2014-12-24)
The vacuole is the most prominent compartment in plant cells and is important for ion and protein storage. In our effort to search for key regulators in the plant vacuole sorting pathway, ribosomal large subunit 4 (rpl4d) was identified as
Jingjiao Ma et al.
Journal of virology, 89(5), 2831-2841 (2014-12-30)
At least 10 different genotypes of novel reassortant H3N2 influenza viruses with 2009 pandemic H1N1 [A(H1N1)pdm09] gene(s) have been identified in U.S. pigs, including the H3N2 variant with a single A(H1N1)pdm09 M gene, which has infected more than 300 people.
Roman Stavniichuk et al.
Diabetes/metabolism research and reviews, 30(8), 669-678 (2014-04-02)
Peroxynitrite, a product of the reaction of superoxide with nitric oxide, causes oxidative stress with concomitant inactivation of enzymes, poly(ADP-ribosylation), mitochondrial dysfunction and impaired stress signalling, as well as protein nitration. In this study, we sought to determine the effect
Brittany K Pierce et al.
PloS one, 9(11), e113504-e113504 (2014-11-27)
Xylella fastidiosa is a gram-negative, xylem-limited plant pathogenic bacterium that causes disease in a variety of economically important agricultural crops including Pierce's disease of grapevines. Xylella fastidiosa biofilms formed in the xylem vessels of plants play a key role in
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