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D B Shpakovsky et al.
Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003), 41(48), 14568-14582 (2012-10-12)
Four new organotin(IV) complexes of bis-(2,6-di-tert-butylphenol)tin(IV) dichloride [(tert-Bu-)(2)(HO-Ph)](2)SnCl(2) (1) with the heterocyclic thioamides 2-mercapto-pyrimidine (PMTH), 2-mercapto-4-methyl-pyrimidine (MPMTH), 2-mercapto-pyridine (PYTH) and 2-mercapto-benzothiazole (MBZTH), of formulae {[(tert-Bu-)(2)(HO-Ph)](2)Sn(PMT)(2)} (2), {[(tert-Bu-)(2)(HO-Ph)](2)Sn(MPMT)(2)} (3), {[(tert-Bu-)(2)(HO-Ph)](2)SnCl(PYT)} (4) and {[(tert-Bu-)(2)(HO-Ph)](2)SnCl(MBZT)} (5), have been synthesized and characterized by elemental
K A Winship
Adverse drug reactions and acute poisoning reviews, 7(1), 19-38 (1988-01-01)
Inorganic tin salts are poorly absorbed and rapidly excreted in the faeces; as a result they have a low toxicity. Only about 5 per cent is absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, widely distributed in the body, then excreted by the
N P Desai et al.
Journal of microencapsulation, 17(6), 677-690 (2000-11-04)
A mixture of alginate and polyethylene glycol acrylate was investigated as a system for the encapsulation of islets of Langerhans. This system showed dual crosslinkability: the alginate was ionically crosslinked by multivalent cations, and the PEG was covalently crosslinked by
Y Miura
The Kurume medical journal, 47(4), 267-272 (2001-02-24)
Plasma beta-phenylethylamine (PEA) levels were determined in 27 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) in order to evaluate its relation with the severity or clinical course of PD. The plasma PEA concentrations in PD patients were significantly lower (mean +/- SD
Olga G Tsay et al.
Inorganic chemistry, 52(4), 1991-1999 (2013-02-05)
Various R/Ar-functionalized tin 5,10,15-tris(pentafluorophenyl)corrolate derivatives are reported herein including the first ferrocenyltin corrolate species. The isopropyl, sec-butyl-, 2-methyl-n-butyl-, phenyl-, 2-thienyl-, and ferrocenyltin species have been prepared and characterized through (1)H, (13)C, and (119)Sn HMQC NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, UV-vis and
[Tin in the environment].
Iu P Popov et al.
Gigiena i sanitariia, (9)(9), 55-57 (1983-09-01)
Kazuma Takahashi et al.
Acta veterinaria Scandinavica, 55, 70-70 (2013-09-24)
Horse fibrinogen has been identified as a plasma specific ferritin-binding protein. There are two ways in the binding of ferritin-binding protein with ferritin: one is direct binding and the other is indirect binding which is heme-mediated. The aim of this
Norbert W Lutz et al.
PloS one, 2(7), e595-e595 (2007-07-06)
Multiple sclerosis (MS), an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, manifests itself in numerous forms and stages. A number of brain metabolic alterations have been reported for MS patients vs. control subjects. However, metabolite profiles of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
Eric Schopf et al.
Chemical communications (Cambridge, England), (32)(32), 4818-4820 (2009-08-05)
A pyrene-functionalized polymer was patterned via electron beam lithography onto a silicon wafer and shown to selectively bind with carbon nanotubes.
Chongshen Guo et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 13(5), 3236-3239 (2013-07-19)
For fabricating the crystal of Rb(x)WO3, the solvothermal process was performed using a mixed medium of water and ethanol as solvent. It has been found that the morphological evolutions of samples were greatly changed as disordered nanoparticles, bundle of nanorods
C E Shaw et al.
Journal of neurology, 242(2), 53-58 (1995-01-01)
Magnetic resonance imaging of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients often shows active inflammatory lesions despite clinical remission. No immunological marker of disease activity has been identified in these patients. Concentrations of neopterin, interleukin-2 (IL-2), soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) and tumour necrosis
S Engelborghs et al.
Neurochemical research, 28(8), 1145-1150 (2003-07-02)
To study changes in amino acid metabolism and biogenic amines in Parkinson's disease, we set up a prospective study and measured biogenic amines, their main metabolites, and 22 different amino acids, in cerebrospinal fluid of Parkinson's disease patients (n =
Takashi Abe et al.
Journal of neuroscience research, 70(3), 447-450 (2002-10-23)
To investigate the possible role of oxidative RNA damage in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), the concentrations of the oxidative stress marker 8-hydroxyguanosine (8-OHG) were measured in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and the serum of patients with AD and
Daniele Selli et al.
Scientific reports, 3, 1466-1466 (2013-03-16)
Group-IVa elements silicon and germanium are known for their semiconducting properties at room temperature, which are technologically critical. Metallicity and superconductivity are found at higher pressures only, Ge β-tin (tI4) being the first high-pressure metallic phase in the phase diagram.
Anna Walter et al.
Neurobiology of aging, 25(10), 1299-1303 (2004-10-07)
Experimental and clinical studies give evidence for breakdown of membrane phospholipids during neurodegeneration. In the present study, we measured the levels of glycerophosphocholine (GPCh), phosphocholine (PCh), and choline, that is, water-soluble metabolites of phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho), in human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).
Edwin A Schauble
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(44), 17714-17719 (2013-05-08)
Mass-independent isotope fractionations driven by differences in volumes and shapes of nuclei (the field shift effect) are known in several elements and are likely to be found in more. All-electron relativistic electronic structure calculations can predict this effect but at
Aluminum and tin.
J L Greger
World review of nutrition and dietetics, 54, 255-285 (1987-01-01)
Woo Yeon Kong et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 13(5), 3288-3292 (2013-07-19)
The LiMn2O4 and LiSn0.0125Mn1975O4 thin films were grown on Pt/Ti/SiO2/Si (100) substrate by RF magnetron sputtering. To obtain the structural stability and good cycle performance, deposition parameters, namely working pressure, sputtering gas ratio of Ar and O2, post-annealing temperature were
P A LeWitt et al.
Neurology, 42(11), 2111-2117 (1992-11-01)
We used two analytic methods (a multichannel coulometric electrode array with high-performance liquid chromatography, and gas chromatography-mass spectrophotometry) to measure CSF dopamine (DA) and its metabolites in mildly affected, unmedicated subjects with Parkinson's disease (PD). The mean (+/- SD) concentration
S V De Azevedo et al.
Clinical biochemistry, 46(1-2), 123-127 (2012-10-03)
The aim of this work was to develop a procedure for the determination of tin in whole blood and urine by GF AAS with a minimum sample pre-treatment, using Pd/Mg as chemical modifier. The analyses of tin were conducted using
G Vaidyanathan et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 20(24), 6929-6939 (2012-11-20)
A major drawback of internalizing monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) radioiodinated with direct electrophilic approaches is that tumor retention of radioactivity is compromised by the rapid washout of iodo-tyrosine, the primary labeled catabolite for mAbs labeled via this strategy. In our continuing
V Calabrese et al.
Neurochemical research, 28(9), 1321-1328 (2003-08-27)
Recent studies suggest that NO and its reactive derivative peroxynitrite are implicated in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). Patients dying with MS demonstrate increased astrocytic inducible nitric oxide synthase activity, as well as increased levels of iNOS mRNA. Peroxynitrite
M Naoi et al.
Mechanisms of ageing and development, 111(2-3), 175-188 (2000-02-03)
Dopamine neurons in the substantia nigra of human brain are selectively vulnerable and the number decline by aging at 5-10% per decade. Enzymatic and non-enzymatic oxidation of dopamine generates reactive oxygen species, which induces apoptotic cell death in dopamine neurons.
José Barluenga et al.
Organic letters, 15(3), 488-491 (2013-01-12)
A simple three-step access to n/5/m angular tricyclic skeleta from terminal cycloalkenylacetylenes, Cr(CO)(6), and propargylmalonate esters is described. The process involves a cyclopentannulation of propargylmalonates and enynyl Fischer carbenes, followed by a metal-promoted Cope-type fragmentation of the propargyl unit. The
L F Vieira Ferreira et al.
Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy, 104, 437-444 (2013-01-02)
Two sherds representative of the Portuguese faience production of the first and second halves of the 17th century were studied carefully with the use of non-invasive spectroscopies, namely: Ground State Diffuse Reflectance Absorption (GSDR), micro-Raman, Fourier-Transform Infrared (FT-IR), Laser Induced
Beatrice Bocca et al.
Annali dell'Istituto superiore di sanita, 41(2), 197-203 (2005-10-26)
The haematic concentration of 26 metals and the oxidative damage in 60 patients (20 males and 40 females) affected by Alzheimer's disease and 44 healthy individuals (33 males and 11 females) were compared. In patients, the following significant (p <
Giovanni Forte et al.
Annali dell'Istituto superiore di sanita, 41(2), 213-216 (2005-10-26)
Although some studies suggested a link between exposure to trace elements and development of multiple sclerosis (MS), clear information on their role in the aetiology of MS is still lacking. In this study the concentrations of Al, Ba, Be, Bi
G Toncev et al.
European journal of neurology, 9(3), 221-226 (2002-05-03)
Several findings suggest lower levels of serum uric acid in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. The aim of this study is to investigate relationships of uric acid serum levels in relapse-remitting (RR) MS patients with clinical activity of disease and blood-brain
L Nagy et al.
Acta pharmaceutica Hungarica, 70(2), 53-71 (2001-02-24)
The occurrence of tin in plants, animals and humans is discussed, in relation to its abundance in the lithosphere and hydrosphere and the range of the different tin(II) and tin(IV) complexes formed. A reasoned consideration of its essentiality for living
Shiyou Chen et al.
Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.), 25(11), 1522-1539 (2013-02-13)
The kesterite-structured semiconductors Cu2ZnSnS4 and Cu2ZnSnSe4 are drawing considerable attention recently as the active layers in earth-abundant low-cost thin-film solar cells. The additional number of elements in these quaternary compounds, relative to binary and ternary semiconductors, results in increased flexibility
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