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24194

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Paul J Mintz et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(8), 2515-2520 (2015-02-13)
In response to an urgent need for improved diagnostic and predictive serum biomarkers for management of metastatic prostate cancer, we used phage display fingerprinting to analyze sequentially acquired serum samples from a patient with advancing prostate cancer. We identified a...
Eef Boets et al.
Nutrients, 7(11), 8916-8929 (2015-11-01)
Short chain fatty acids (SCFA), including acetate, propionate, and butyrate, are produced during bacterial fermentation of undigested carbohydrates in the human colon. In this study, we applied a stable-isotope dilution method to quantify the in vivo colonic production of SCFA...
Phanuel Saroni Arwa et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 174, 410-418 (2015-09-01)
Garcinia brasiliensis, a plant native to the Brazilian Amazon Rainforest, is used in traditional medicine to treat inflammation of the urinary tract, peptic ulcers, arthritis and other conditions. The purposes of this study were to analyze the chemical constituents of...
Guicheng Song et al.
Planta, 241(5), 1271-1285 (2015-02-13)
Pollen tube growth in styles was strongly inhibited by temperature above 35 °C, and the yield of cotton decreased because of the adverse effect of high temperatures during square development. High-temperature stress during flowering influences the square development of upland...
Mark E Lobatto et al.
ACS nano, 9(2), 1837-1847 (2015-01-27)
Atherosclerosis is a major cause of global morbidity and mortality that could benefit from novel targeted therapeutics. Recent studies have shown efficient and local drug delivery with nanoparticles, although the nanoparticle targeting mechanism for atherosclerosis has not yet been fully...
Cemil Aydoğan
Journal of chromatography. A, 1392, 63-68 (2015-03-31)
In this study, an anion-exchange/hydrophobic polymethacrylate-based stationary phase was prepared for nano-liquid chromatography of small organic molecules and inorganic anions. The stationary phase was synthesized by in situ polymerization of 3-chloro-2-hydroxypropylmethacrylate and ethylene dimethacrylate inside silanized 100 μm i.d. fused...
Masazumi Tamura et al.
Nature communications, 6, 8580-8580 (2015-10-06)
Multidentate materials formed by simply mixing heterogeneous and homogeneous components are promising for construction of versatile active sites on the surface of heterogeneous compounds, however, to the best of our knowledge, there are no reports on such materials. Self-assembly of...
D Q Li et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1345, 50-56 (2014-05-06)
Xanthine oxidase (XO) can catalyze hypoxanthine and xanthine to generate uric acid and reactive oxygen species (ROS), including superoxide anion radical (O₂(•-)) and hydrogen peroxide. XO inhibitors and free radical scavengers are beneficial to the treatment of gout and many...
Wei-Wei Zhao et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1370, 121-128 (2014-12-03)
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have great potential for applications in chromatography due to their highly tailorable porous structures and unique properties. In this work, the stable MOF UiO-66 was evaluated as both a normal-phase (NP-) and a reverse-phase (RP-) stationary phase...
S A Kim et al.
Journal of food protection, 78(12), 2233-2239 (2015-11-29)
This study investigated changes in the microbial composition of microbrewed beer during the manufacturing processes and identified potential microbial hazards, effective critical quality control points, and potential contamination routes. Comprehensive quantitative (aerobic plate count, lactic acid bacteria, fungi, acetic acid...
Filippa Fleetwood et al.
Scientific reports, 4, 7518-7518 (2014-12-18)
Angiogenesis plays an important role in cancer and ophthalmic disorders such as age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy. The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family and corresponding receptors are regulators of angiogenesis and have been much investigated as therapeutic targets....
Keitaro Yokoyama et al.
Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association, 17(6), 1032-1036 (2002-05-29)
Pteridine metabolism is impaired in the uraemic state. This may affect cardiovascular function and contribute to malnutrition. We wished to clarify further the impact of impaired pteridine metabolism. Using the HPLC method, the plasma concentrations of endogenous pteridines were determined...
Alena Skálová et al.
The American journal of surgical pathology, 39(3), 338-348 (2015-01-13)
This study examines the presence of the EWSR1 rearrangement in a variety of clear cell salivary gland carcinomas with myoepithelial differentiation. A total of 94 salivary gland carcinomas with a prominent clear cell component included 51 cases of clear cell...
Angelika Varga et al.
Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology, 466(7), 1421-1435 (2013-10-12)
The endogenous lipid agent N-arachidonoylethanolamine (anandamide), among other effects, has been shown to be involved in nociceptive processing both in the central and peripheral nervous systems. Anandamide is thought to be synthesised by several enzymatic pathways both in a Ca(2+)-sensitive...
Diego Raffo et al.
Oncology reports, 33(1), 439-447 (2014-10-24)
Estrogens and tamoxifen do not only exert their effects at the genomic level, but also play a role at the cell membrane activating downstream signaling pathways. We recently characterized an estrogen receptor-positive epithelial murine breast cancer cell line, LM05-E. Utilizing...
Marieta B Heaton et al.
Alcoholism, clinical and experimental research, 39(1), 55-63 (2015-01-28)
Exposure to ethanol (EtOH) during central nervous system (CNS) development can lead to a wide array of neuroanatomical, behavioral, and cognitive abnormalities, broadly subsumed under the fetal alcohol spectrum disorder classification. One mode of EtOH-induced interference in the normal developmental...
Silvina del Carmen et al.
Journal of clinical gastroenterology, 48 Suppl 1, S12-S17 (2014-10-08)
Oral treatment with Lactococcus lactis strains secreting the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-10 has previously shown success as a therapy for inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Our aim was to compare the protective effects of IL-10, delivered by recombinant lactoccoci using 2...
Worada Samosornsuk et al.
Journal of medical microbiology, 64(10), 1124-1134 (2015-07-30)
Increasing numbers of Campylobacter hyointestinalis have been isolated from humans and animals with gastroenteritis, although the virulence mechanism of this species remains largely unknown. Here, we show that C. hyointestinalis isolated from a patient with diarrhoea in Thailand produced a...
Sara Schubert et al.
Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 157, 141-149 (2014-12-03)
Transient exposure of brown trout embryos from fertilization until hatch (70 days) to 17β-estradiol (E2) was investigated. Embryos were exposed to 3.8 and 38.0 ng/L E2 for 2h, respectively, under four scenarios: (A) exposure once at the day of fertilization...
Thomas Friedemann et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 155(1), 607-615 (2014-06-15)
The dried rhizome of Coptis chinensis Franch. (family Ranunculaceae) is traditionally used in Chinese medicine for the treatment of inflammatory diseases and diabetes. Recent studies showed a variety of activities of Coptis chinensis Franch. alkaloids, including neuroprotective, neuroregenerative, anti-diabetic, anti-oxidative...
Gui-Yuan Lv et al.
Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica, 38(20), 3560-3565 (2014-02-05)
To observe the effect of Dendrobium officinale granule (DOG) on symptoms, blood pressure and serum biochemical indexes of long-term-alcohol-induced hypertension rats. The alcohol-induced hypertension rat model was established by feeding alcohol drink to normal rats (the alcohol volume fraction increases...
Wan Yong Ho et al.
Pakistan journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 28(1), 15-22 (2015-01-03)
Vernonia amygdalina is a strong natural antioxidant that possessed various medicinal properties. In this study, the spray-dried water extract of V. amygdalina was evaluated for its in vitro antioxidant capacity and in vivo hepatoprotective effect against alcoholic-mediated liver damage. Total...
Gizem Çakir et al.
Archiv der Pharmazie, 348(1), 10-22 (2014-12-03)
In continuation of our efforts to develop new derivatives as hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS5B inhibitors, we synthesized novel 5-arylidene-4-thiazolidinones. The novel compounds 29-42, together with their synthetic precursors 22-28, were tested for HCV NS5B inhibitory activity; 12 of these...
Alejandro M Chibly et al.
PloS one, 9(9), e107893-e107893 (2014-09-23)
Radiotherapy is the primary treatment for patients with head and neck cancer, which account for roughly 500,000 annual cases worldwide. Dysfunction of the salivary glands and associated conditions like xerostomia and dysphagia are often developed by these patients, greatly diminishing...
Kristel Kodar et al.
Chembiochem : a European journal of chemical biology, 16(4), 683-693 (2015-02-04)
Trehalose glycolipids play an important role in the pathogenesis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and are used as adjuvants for vaccines; however, much still remains unanswered about the mechanisms through which these glycolipids exert their immunomodulatory potential. Recently, the macrophage-inducible C-type lectin...
Nhung T T Dang et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 88(2), 406-414 (2014-06-03)
Polycaprolactone (PCL) matrices were simultaneously loaded with the antiviral agents, tenofovir (TFV) and nevirapine (NVP), in combination to provide synergistic activity in the prevention of HIV transmission through the vaginal route. TFV and NVP were incorporated in PCL matrices at...
Clare Timbie et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 34(24), 8106-8118 (2014-06-13)
The primate amygdala sends dense projections to posterior orbitofrontal cortex (pOFC) in pathways that are critical for processing emotional content, but the synaptic mechanisms are not understood. We addressed this issue by investigating pathways in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) from...
Federica Baldan et al.
Oncology reports, 33(5), 2199-2206 (2015-03-31)
Studies on stem cell differentiation led to the identification of paused genes, characterized by the contemporary presence of both activator and repressor epigenetic markers (bivalent marking). TXNIP is an oncosuppressor gene the expression of which was reduced in breast cancer....
Valentina Di Felice et al.
Journal of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, 9(11), E51-E64 (2013-04-18)
The use of three-dimensional (3D) cultures may induce cardiac progenitor cells to synthesize their own extracellular matrix (ECM) and sarcomeric proteins to initiate cardiac differentiation. 3D cultures grown on synthetic scaffolds may favour the implantation and survival of stem cells...
Hamid Reza Rajabi et al.
Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy, 153, 45-52 (2015-08-19)
Here, the researchers report on the synthesis of ion imprinted polymeric (IIP) nanoparticles using a thermal polymerization strategy, and their usage for the separation of Ni(2+) ion from water samples. The prepared Ni-IIP was characterized by colorimetry, FT-IR spectroscopy, and...
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