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Sonia Lefnaoui et al.
Saudi pharmaceutical journal : SPJ : the official publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society, 23(6), 698-711 (2015-12-25)
A pregelatinized starch (PGS) was derivatized with sodium chloroacetate (SCA) in alcoholic medium under alkaline condition to produce carboxymethyl pregelatinized starch (CMPGS) with various degrees of substitution (DS). Influence of the molar ratio of SCA to the glucopyranose units (SCA/GU)
Ruben Magni et al.
Journal of translational medicine, 13, 346-346 (2015-11-06)
Prompt antibiotic treatment of early stage Lyme borreliosis (LB) prevents progression to severe multisystem disease. There is a clinical need to improve the diagnostic specificity of early stage Lyme assays in the period prior to the mounting of a robust
Mark van den Hurk et al.
Frontiers in molecular neuroscience, 11, 261-261 (2018-08-28)
The human brain is composed of a complex assembly of about 171 billion heterogeneous cellular units (86 billion neurons and 85 billion non-neuronal glia cells). A comprehensive description of brain cells is necessary to understand the nervous system in health
Yann S Gallot et al.
Cancer research, 74(24), 7344-7356 (2014-10-23)
Cachexia is a muscle-wasting syndrome that contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality of many patients with advanced cancers. However, little is understood about how the severe loss of skeletal muscle characterizing this condition occurs. In the current study, we tested
Jonathan G Crowston et al.
Experimental eye research, 141, 3-8 (2015-03-11)
We describe a model of acute intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation in the mouse eye that induces reversible loss of inner retinal function associated with oxidative stress, glial cell activation and minimal loss of retinal ganglion cell (RGC) number. Young healthy
Rogerio Leone Buchaim et al.
Injury, 46(4), 655-660 (2015-02-12)
The purpose of this study was to assess whether the adhesive permits the collateral repair of axons originating from a vagus nerve to the interior of a sural nerve graft, and whether low-level laser therapy (LLLT) assists in the regeneration
Xiao Liang et al.
Nature communications, 6, 5682-5682 (2015-01-07)
The lithium-sulfur battery is receiving intense interest because its theoretical energy density exceeds that of lithium-ion batteries at much lower cost, but practical applications are still hindered by capacity decay caused by the polysulfide shuttle. Here we report a strategy
Tatsuya Higashi et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 117, 155-162 (2015-09-12)
The analysis of changes in the brain neurosteroid (NS) levels due to various stimuli can contribute to the elucidation of their physiological roles, and the discovery and development of new antipsychotic agents targeting neurosteroidogenesis. We developed methods for the differential
Rajarethinam Solaiselvi et al.
Organic letters, 15(6), 1186-1189 (2013-03-07)
A facile method utilizing RCOX/K2CO3 as a novel reagent for conjugate addition of hydrogen halide, in addition to tertiary (3°)-hydroxyl protection that leads to the synthesis of functionalized β-halo Morita-Baylis-Hillman ester appended oxindoles, has been developed. The diastereoselective one-pot O-acylation-hydrohalogenation
Chengjie Chen et al.
STAR protocols, 1(3), 100109-100109 (2020-12-31)
Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) play essential roles in almost all aspects of cellular processes. However, PPIs remain challenging to study due to their substoichiometry, low affinity, dynamic nature, and context dependence. Here, we present a protocol for the capture and identification
Marcela Valdés-Tovar et al.
Chronobiology international, 32(2), 164-177 (2014-09-24)
The light-dark cycle is an environmental factor that influences immune physiology, and so, variations of the photoperiod length result in altered immune responsivity. Macrophage physiology comprises a spectrum of functions that goes from host defense to immune down-regulation, in addition
Masaru Kurosawa et al.
Human molecular genetics, 24(4), 1092-1105 (2014-10-12)
Huntington's disease (HD) is a dominantly inherited genetic disease caused by mutant huntingtin (htt) protein with expanded polyglutamine (polyQ) tracts. A neuropathological hallmark of HD is the presence of neuronal inclusions of mutant htt. p62 is an important regulatory protein
Ludmila Müllerová et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1384, 147-154 (2015-02-11)
Interactions among analyte forms that undergo simultaneous dissociation/protonation and complexation with multiple selectors take the shape of a highly interconnected multi-equilibrium scheme. This makes it difficult to express the effective mobility of the analyte in these systems, which are often
Kyung Min Jeong et al.
Archives of pharmacal research, 38(12), 2143-2152 (2015-11-05)
Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) were investigated as tunable, environmentally benign, yet superior extraction media to enhance the extraction of anthocyanins from grape skin, which is usually discarded as waste. Ten DESs containing choline chloride as hydrogen bond acceptor combined with
Dorit Rennspiess et al.
Journal of thoracic oncology : official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer, 10(2), 360-366 (2014-12-20)
Although the molecular genetics possibly underlying the pathogenesis of human thymoma have been extensively studied, its etiology remains poorly understood. Because murine polyomavirus consistently induces thymomas in mice, we assessed the presence of the novel human polyomavirus 7 (HPyV7) in
Georg Wultsch et al.
Mutagenesis, 30(5), 701-709 (2015-05-11)
Wood dust was classified by the IARC as a human carcinogen which causes sinonasal tumours. However, the exposure in different industries varies strongly and the risks of workers depend on the specific situation which can be assessed by the use
Seshadri Reddy Ankireddy et al.
International journal of nanomedicine, 10 Spec Iss, 113-119 (2015-09-09)
Dopamine is a neurotransmitter of the catecholamine family and has many important roles, especially in human brain. Several diseases of the nervous system, such as Parkinson's disease, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, restless legs syndrome, are believed to be related to
Shan Lu et al.
Molecular pharmaceutics, 12(2), 621-629 (2015-01-16)
In this study, we formulated polyplexes with different compositions for codelivery of DNA and small-interfering RNA (siRNA). Since DNA and siRNA have distinctive and complementary morphological characteristics (DNA is long and winding and siRNA is short and rigid), we hypothesized
Kibaek Choe et al.
The Journal of clinical investigation, 125(11), 4042-4052 (2015-10-06)
Lacteals are lymphatic vessels located at the center of each intestinal villus and provide essential transport routes for lipids and other lipophilic molecules. However, it is unclear how absorbed molecules are transported through the lacteal. Here, we used reporter mice
Qiangqiang Liu et al.
International journal of nanomedicine, 10, 7073-7088 (2015-11-26)
The growing potential of quantum dots (QDs) in biomedical applications has provoked the urgent need to thoroughly address their interaction with biological systems. However, only limited studies have been performed to explore the effects of surface charge on the biological
Sonam Dilwali et al.
Cancer biology & therapy, 16(1), 170-175 (2015-02-19)
Vestibular schwannoma (VS), the fourth most common intracranial tumor, arises from the Schwann cells of the vestibular nerve. Although several pathways have been independently implicated in VS pathobiology, interactions among these pathways have not been explored in depth. We have
Yingqi Cai et al.
The Plant cell, 27(9), 2616-2636 (2015-09-13)
The lipodystrophy protein SEIPIN is important for lipid droplet (LD) biogenesis in human and yeast cells. In contrast with the single SEIPIN genes in humans and yeast, there are three SEIPIN homologs in Arabidopsis thaliana, designated SEIPIN1, SEIPIN2, and SEIPIN3.
Di Xu et al.
Journal of environmental sciences (China), 25(4), 637-644 (2013-08-09)
Organic phosphorus (nonreactive P, NRP) is a major component of P in sediments, but information about its chemical forms and dynamic transformation is limited. The chemical forms and dynamic behaviors of NRP in a sediment profile from Lake Taihu, a
Takako Tabata et al.
Journal of virology, 89(9), 5134-5147 (2015-03-06)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a major cause of birth defects that include severe neurological deficits, hearing and vision loss, and intrauterine growth restriction. Viral infection of the placenta leads to development of avascular villi, edema, and hypoxia associated with symptomatic
Michael Knösel et al.
American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics, 144(1), 86-96 (2013-07-03)
White spot lesions that form during orthodontic treatment are a problem for patients and clinicians. Lesion infiltration with low-viscosity light-cured resin has been proposed as a treatment to inhibit further demineralization. The purpose of this study was to assess the
Jan Lukas et al.
Molecular therapy : the journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy, 23(3), 456-464 (2014-11-21)
Lysosomal storage disorders (LSD) are a group of heterogeneous diseases caused by compromised enzyme function leading to multiple organ failure. Therapeutic approaches involve enzyme replacement (ERT), which is effective for a substantial fraction of patients. However, there are still concerns
Qian Zhang et al.
Journal of dairy science, 98(12), 8698-8709 (2015-09-28)
Elevated needs for glucose in lactating dairy cows are met through a combination of increased capacity for gluconeogenesis and increased supply of gluconeogenic precursors, primarily propionate. This study evaluated the effects of propionate on mRNA expression of cytosolic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase
Priscilla B Pail et al.
Neurotoxicology, 50, 71-80 (2015-08-10)
Mephedrone and methedrone are cathinone-related compounds, which act as non-selective substrates for monoamine transporters, facilitating a neurotransmitter release. We compared the acute pharmacological effects of mephedrone and methedrone, attempting to further evaluate the action mechanisms of methedrone by responsibly and
Anna Sankiewicz et al.
Analytical biochemistry, 469, 4-11 (2014-10-15)
We have developed a new method for highly selective determination of the ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) concentration using a surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRI) technique and two different biosensors. UCH-L1 was captured from a solution by immobilized specific rabbit
Bing Zhou et al.
Nature protocols, 14(7), 2036-2068 (2019-06-09)
Chromatin in higher eukaryotic nuclei is extensively bound by various RNA species. We recently developed a method for in situ capture of global RNA interactions with DNA by deep sequencing (GRID-seq) of fixed permeabilized nuclei that allows identification of the
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