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Goldie Songra et al.
American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics, 145(5), 569-578 (2014-05-03)
The aim of this study was to compare the time to initial alignment and extraction space closure using conventional brackets and active and passive self-ligating brackets. One hundred adolescent patients 11 to 18 years of age undergoing maxillary and mandibular
M A Lovell et al.
Archives of neurology, 58(3), 392-396 (2001-03-20)
Markers of oxidative stress are increased in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with Alzheimer disease (AD), although none of those reported are appropriate diagnostic markers because of the overlap between patients with AD and control subjects. To determine the ratio
Toshihiro Fujita et al.
Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi = The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology, 111(12), 2311-2318 (2014-12-09)
An 89-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for thorough investigation of refractory diabetes mellitus, which revealed primary squamous cell carcinoma of the duodenum. After two courses of chemotherapy, follow-up esophagoduodenogastroscopy and duodenal biopsy showed no evidence of tumor. No
Jinho Shin et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 13(8), 5807-5810 (2013-07-26)
In this study, hydroxyapatite (HA) was coated on anodized titanium (Ti) surfaces through radio frequency magnetron sputtering in order to improve biological response of the titanium surface. All the samples were blasted with resorbable blasting media (RBM). RBM-blasted Ti surface
Estefany I Medina-Reyes et al.
Environmental research, 136, 424-434 (2014-12-03)
Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) studies have been performed using relatively high NPs concentration under acute exposure and limited studies have compared shape effects. We hypothesized that midterm exposure to low TiO2 NPs concentration in lung epithelial cells induces carcinogenic
Klas Gustafson et al.
Acta orthopaedica, 85(4), 348-354 (2014-06-17)
Metal-on-metal (MOM) total hip arthroplasties were reintroduced because of the problems with osteolysis and aseptic loosening related to polyethylene wear of early metal-on-polyethylene (MOP) arthroplasties. The volumetric wear rate has been greatly reduced with MOM arthroplasties; however, because of nano-size
E J Pappert et al.
Neurology, 47(4), 1037-1042 (1996-10-01)
To determine if ventricular cerebrospinal fluid (vCSF) alpha-tocopherol levels in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients can be increased by oral alpha-tocopherol supplementation and whether vCSF levels are linearly related to plasma alpha-tocopherol levels. In spite of its putative neuroprotective properties, alpha-tocopherol
Mark A Baker et al.
Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, (94)(94), doi:10-doi:10 (2015-01-16)
Spermatozoa are quite unique amongst cell types. Although produced in the testis, both nuclear gene transcription and translation are switched off once the pre-cursor round cell begins to elongate and differentiate into what is morphologically recognized as a spermatozoon. However
A Moser et al.
Journal of the neurological sciences, 131(2), 183-189 (1995-08-01)
We could identify the MPTP-like compound and isoquinoline derivative N-methyl-norsalsolinol (2-MDTIQ) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with Parkinson's disease. The presence of 2-MDTIQ negatively correlated with the disease duration. In order to study the relationship between presence of 2-MDTIQ
J A Molina et al.
Journal of neural transmission (Vienna, Austria : 1996), 109(7-8), 1035-1044 (2002-07-12)
Thiamine is an essential cofactor for several important enzymes involved in brain oxidative metabolism, such as the alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (KGDHC), pyruvate-dehydrogenase complex (PDHC), and transketolase. Some investigators reported decreased thiamine-diphosphate levels and decreased activities of KGDHC, pyruvate-dehydrogenase complex and
Stefan Schulz-Drost et al.
Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, (95)(95), e52124-e52124 (2015-01-16)
Different ways to stabilize a sternal fracture are described in literature. Respecting different mechanisms of trauma such as the direct impact to the anterior chest wall or the flexion-compression injury of the trunk, there is a need to retain each
B Fink et al.
The bone & joint journal, 96-B(7), 889-895 (2014-07-06)
We report our experience of revision total hip replacement (THR) using the Revitan curved modular titanium fluted revision stem in patients with a full spectrum of proximal femoral defects. A total of 112 patients (116 revisions) with a mean age
A Kurbad et al.
International journal of computerized dentistry, 16(2), 125-141 (2013-08-13)
This article presents two novel options for lithium-disilicate restorations supported by single-tooth implants. By using a Ti-Base connector, hybrid abutments and hybrid abutment crowns can be fabricated for different implant systems. The latter option in particular is an interesting new
M L Selley et al.
Neurobiology of aging, 23(3), 383-388 (2002-04-18)
There is evidence that increased blood concentrations of homocysteine may be a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease. (E)-4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) is a neurotoxic product of lipid peroxidation that is increased in the ventricular fluid and brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease.
David B Warheit
Toxicology letters, 220(2), 193-204 (2013-04-23)
Due to its multifunctional applications, titanium dioxide particles have widespread use in commerce. The particle-types function as sources of pigment color, in food products, anti-bacterial components, ultraviolet radiation scavengers, catalysts, as well as in cosmetics. Because of its inherent properties
Mingjie Liu et al.
Nature, 517(7532), 68-72 (2015-01-06)
Machine technology frequently puts magnetic or electrostatic repulsive forces to practical use, as in maglev trains, vehicle suspensions or non-contact bearings. In contrast, materials design overwhelmingly focuses on attractive interactions, such as in the many advanced polymer-based composites, where inorganic
Lars L Hermansen et al.
Acta orthopaedica, 86(1), 127-133 (2014-09-02)
The anti-osteoporotic drug raloxifene reduces the risk of vertebral fractures by increasing bone mass density. We investigated whether raloxifene offers any benefits in augmenting early fixation of orthopedic implants in the setting of impaction bone grafting. 24 non-weight-bearing grafted gap
Valerio Leoni et al.
Clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine, 42(2), 186-191 (2004-04-06)
24S-Hydroxycholesterol (24OHC) and 27-hydroxycholesterol (27OHC) are two structurally similar oxysterols of different origins--the former almost exclusively formed in the brain and the latter formed to a lesser extent in the brain than in most other organs. HYPOTHESIS TO BE TESTED:
Aaron K Vannucci et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(52), 20918-20922 (2013-11-28)
Enhancing the surface binding stability of chromophores, catalysts, and chromophore-catalyst assemblies attached to metal oxide surfaces is an important element in furthering the development of dye sensitized solar cells, photoelectrosynthesis cells, and interfacial molecular catalysis. Phosphonate-derivatized catalysts and molecular assemblies
Shitu Jindal et al.
The Journal of oral implantology, 40 Spec No, 347-355 (2014-07-16)
This investigation was carried out to study the effect of a novel process of surface modification, surface nanostructuring by ultrasonic shot peening, on osteoblast proliferation and corrosion behavior of commercially pure titanium (c p-Ti) in simulated body fluid. A mechanically
Bin Xia et al.
The Science of the total environment, 508, 525-533 (2014-12-09)
The toxicity of TiO2 engineered nanoparticles (NPs) to the marine microalga Nitzschia closterium was investigated by examining growth inhibition, oxidative stress and uptake. The results indicated that the toxicity of TiO2 particles to algal cells significantly increased with decreasing nominal
Collin D Kraus et al.
American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics, 145(5), 655-666 (2014-05-03)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the biologic response of dentoalveolar bone to archwire expansion with light-to-moderate continuous forces. With a split-mouth experimental design, the maxillary right second premolars of 7 adult male dogs were expanded for 9
Jongtaek Lee et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 13(11), 7430-7433 (2013-11-20)
Beta-carotene was inserted into single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) by using the encapsulation method in a solution phase, and the energy transfer process was studied under irradiation of visible light. The encapsulation of beta-carotene inside SWCNTs was confirmed by ultraviolet (UV)/visible
Wei Dong et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 13(10), 6782-6786 (2013-11-20)
Micro-porous titanium is coated with silver nanoparticles by using a simple chemical reduction method that exhibits excellent antibacterial ability. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) shows that the silver nanoparticles with average sizes of about 100 nm are formed homogeneously on the
Luigi De Nardo et al.
The International journal of artificial organs, 35(9), 629-641 (2012-10-16)
The natural oxide layer on implantable alloys insulates the reactive underlying metal from the physiological environment, preventing substrate corrosion and device failure. This type of oxide film has had a major role in the minimization of functional failure and toxic
HaeYong Kweon et al.
Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, 72(10), 1928-1936 (2014-09-23)
The objective of this study was to compare bone formation after installation of uncoated (UC), hydroxyapatite-coated (HA), collagen plus HA-coated (CH), and silk plus HA-coated (SH) implants. Implants in the UC group had acid-etched surfaces. Surface coating was applied using
Xiaoyan Zou et al.
Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 154, 168-175 (2014-06-09)
Due to their bactericidal and photocatalytic characteristics, silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) and titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) are widely used in the fields of environment and physiology. Once these untreated nanoparticles are released into an aquatic environment and encounter one
Hongbo Shi et al.
Particle and fibre toxicology, 10, 15-15 (2013-04-17)
Titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles (NPs) are manufactured worldwide in large quantities for use in a wide range of applications. TiO2 NPs possess different physicochemical properties compared to their fine particle (FP) analogs, which might alter their bioactivity. Most of the
A Verma et al.
Chemosphere, 109, 7-13 (2014-05-31)
The investigation presents the observations on the use of cement beads for the immobilization of TiO2 for the degradation of herbicide isoproturon. The immobilized system was effective in degrading and mineralizing the herbicide for continuous thirty cycles without losing its
Margaret Dawson et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 13(7), 5126-5133 (2013-08-02)
Anatase TiO2 is a promising photocatalyst due to its chemical stability, non-toxic characteristics, notable UV light absorption as well as photo-corrosion resistance and oxidative properties. Surface area and TiO2 dispersion quality are important factors that affect photoactivity of TiO2:SiO2 nanocomposites.
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