Search Within
Applied Filters:
Showing 1-30 of 887 results for "


" within Papers
Sort by Relevance
Zhi-qiang Pan et al.
Molecular and cellular endocrinology, 394(1-2), 119-128 (2014-07-20)
Pioglitazone belongs to the class of drugs called thiazolidinediones (TZDs), which are widely used as insulin sensitizers in the treatment of diabetes. A major side effect of TZDs is fluid retention. The steroid hormone aldosterone also promotes sodium and fluid
Wei-Li Fu et al.
Tissue engineering. Part A, 21(5-6), 948-959 (2014-10-10)
Vascularization of engineered bone tissue is critical for ensuring its survival after implantation and it is the primary factor limiting its clinical use. A promising approach is to prevascularize bone grafts in vitro using endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) derived from
Minna U Kaikkonen et al.
Nucleic acids research, 42(20), 12570-12584 (2014-10-30)
Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) is a master regulator of angiogenesis, vascular development and function. In this study we investigated the transcriptional regulation of VEGF-A-responsive genes in primary human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells
Can Lu et al.
Journal of cellular biochemistry, 115(8), 1458-1466 (2014-03-13)
Parthenolide is the main bioactive component in feverfew, a common used herbal medicine, and has been extensively studied in relation to its anti-cancer properties. However there have been very few in-depth studies of the activities of this compound at the
F Ishikawa et al.
Cell death & disease, 6, e1619-e1619 (2015-01-23)
Anchorage dependence of cellular growth and survival prevents inappropriate cell growth or survival in ectopic environments, and serves as a potential barrier to metastasis of cancer cells. Therefore, obtaining a better understanding of anchorage-dependent responses in normal cells is the
Weiwei Qi et al.
Diabetes, 64(4), 1407-1419 (2014-11-05)
Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) caused by impaired wound healing is a common vascular complication of diabetes. The current study revealed that plasma levels of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) were elevated in type 2 diabetic patients with DFU and in db/db
Ashley J Parks et al.
Molecular pharmacology, 86(5), 593-608 (2014-08-28)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is critically involved in several physiologic processes, including cancer progression and multiple immune system activities. We, and others, have hypothesized that AHR modulators represent an important new class of targeted therapeutics. Here, ligand shape-based virtual
Q Li et al.
Oncogene, 33(20), 2589-2600 (2013-06-12)
The major goal of breast cancer prevention is to reduce the incidence of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), an early stage of breast cancer. However, the biology behind DCIS formation is not well understood. It is suspected that cancer stem
Christine M Helfer et al.
Viruses, 6(8), 3228-3249 (2014-08-21)
The cellular bromodomain protein Brd4 functions in multiple processes of the papillomavirus life cycle, including viral replication, genome maintenance, and gene transcription through its interaction with the viral protein, E2. However, the mechanisms by which E2 and Brd4 activate viral
Daniel Berry et al.
Developmental psychology, 50(2), 514-525 (2013-06-19)
A considerable body of literature suggests that children's child-care experiences may impact adrenocortical functioning in early childhood. Yet emerging findings also suggest that the magnitude and sometimes the direction of child-care effects on development may be markedly different for children
Robert Holaj et al.
Journal of hypertension, 33(4), 874-882 (2014-12-10)
Aldosterone has been shown to substantially contribute to the accumulation of different types of collagen fibres and growth factors in the arterial wall, thus increasing wall thickness. A previous study showed reduction of increased common carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in
Ingrid Stroo et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0123203-e0123203 (2015-04-16)
Temporal expression of chemokines is a crucial factor in the regulation of renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and repair. Beside their role in the migration and activation of inflammatory cells to sites of injury, chemokines are also involved in other processes
Weiwei Dai et al.
Bone, 74, 48-57 (2015-01-15)
Beta-ecdysone (βEcd) is a phytoecdysteroid found in the dry roots and seeds of the asteraceae and achyranthes plants, and is reported to increase osteogenesis in vitro. Since glucocorticoid (GC) excess is associated with a decrease in bone formation, the purpose
Pascal Dao et al.
Cancer letters, 348(1-2), 88-99 (2014-03-25)
FAK and FGFR2 signaling pathways play important roles in cancer development, progression and tumor angiogenesis. PHM16 is a novel ATP competitive inhibitor of FAK and FGFR2. To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of this agent, we examined its anti-angiogenic effect in
Sarah J Lehnert et al.
Genetica, 142(4), 281-293 (2014-06-24)
Outbreeding, mating between genetically divergent individuals, may result in negative fitness consequences for offspring via outbreeding depression. Outbreeding effects are of notable concern in salmonid research as outbreeding can have major implications for salmon aquaculture and conservation management. We therefore
Alexander Wegner et al.
Brain, behavior, and immunity, 41, 46-54 (2014-05-13)
Inflammation-induced pain amplification and hypersensitivity play a role in the pathophysiology of numerous clinical conditions. Experimental endotoxemia has recently been implemented as model to analyze immune-mediated processes in human pain. In this study, we aimed to analyze dose- and time-dependent
Filip Růžička et al.
Psychoneuroendocrinology, 52, 302-310 (2015-01-03)
Considering the functional organization of the subthalamic nucleus (STN), we hypothesized that subthalamic deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) in Parkinson's disease might have a differential impact on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in relation to the position of active stimulating contact within the
Alexandra Ursache et al.
Physiology & behavior, 138, 266-272 (2014-12-03)
Physiological responses to threat occur through both the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis. Activity in these systems can be measured through salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) and salivary cortisol, respectively. Theoretical work and empirical studies have
Giuseppe Fanetti et al.
Tumori, 99(5), e216-e219 (2014-02-08)
Oxaliplatin, a platinum analogue employed in the treatment of colorectal cancer and various other neoplasms, is characterized by a broad range of adverse events. Peripheral neuropathy is probably the most peculiar and clinically relevant toxicity associated with its use and
Wen Shi et al.
Biomaterials, 35(22), 5760-5770 (2014-04-24)
N-(2-hydroxypropyl)-methacrylamide (HPMA) copolymers have shown promise for application in the detection and staging of cancer. However, non-target accumulation, particularly in the liver and spleen, hinders the detection of resident or nearby metastatic lesions thereby decreasing diagnostic effectiveness. Our laboratory has
Evelyn A Jähne et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 98, 235-246 (2014-06-21)
The compound (E,Z)-3-(4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxybenzylidene)indolin-2-one (indolinone) was identified from lipophilic woad extracts (Isatis tinctoria L., Brassicaceae) as a compound possessing potent histamine release inhibitory and anti-inflammatory properties [1]. To further evaluate the potential of indolinone in terms of crossing the blood-brain barrier
Gülmisal Güder et al.
Journal of cardiac failure, 21(3), 208-216 (2015-01-13)
Serum aldosterone and cortisol independently predict an increased mortality risk in heart failure (HF), and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonism (MRA) improves survival. The prognostic relevance of aldosterone and cortisol with MRA is unclear. In this post hoc analysis of a prospective
Maternal distress and childhood wheeze: mechanisms and context.
Anita L Kozyrskyj et al.
American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 187(11), 1160-1162 (2013-06-04)
Rebecca L Dahlin et al.
Annals of biomedical engineering, 42(7), 1381-1390 (2013-07-12)
In this study, we investigated the effect of flow perfusion culture on the mineralization of co-cultures of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Osteogenically precultured hMSCs were seeded onto electrospun scaffolds in monoculture or
Yves Reznik
Presse medicale (Paris, France : 1983), 43(4 Pt 1), 438-443 (2014-03-19)
Quality of life remains altered in the adrenal insufficient patient treated by hydrocortisone and fludrocortisone. Due to its pharmacokinetics properties, hydrocortisone requires 2 to 3 daily doses - including a morning intake of 2/3 or half of the daily dose respectively -
Lei Fang et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters, 17(4), 1062-1066 (2006-11-30)
A series of furoxan-based nitric oxide-releasing glucocorticoid derivatives was synthesized. The pharmacological assays indicated that three compounds, including I(4), I(5), and I(6), had anti-inflammatory activity. Furthermore compared with the leading compound hydrocortisone the safety of I(6) was greatly improved. Due
Xiaojin Zhang et al.
International journal of oncology, 46(3), 1141-1148 (2014-12-30)
Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women. The Notch signaling pathway has been shown to be associated with the development and progression of many human cancers, including breast cancer, but the precise mechanism remains unknown. Here, the influence
Ian A Simpson et al.
Journal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism : official journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 35(1), 48-57 (2014-10-16)
Neurologic disorders such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's disease, and Restless Legs Syndrome involve a loss of brain iron homeostasis. Moreover, iron deficiency is the most prevalent nutritional concern worldwide with many associated cognitive and neural ramifications. Therefore, understanding the mechanisms by
Qiang-Hong Pu et al.
Xenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems, 45(3), 213-217 (2014-10-18)
1.Gallic acid is a main polyphenol in various fruits and plants. Inhibitory characteristics of gallic acid on CYP3A4 were still unclear. The objective of this work is hence to investigate inhibitory characteristics of gallic acid on CYP3A4 using testosterone as
Stefan Kempke et al.
Psychoneuroendocrinology, 52, 14-21 (2014-12-03)
There is a paucity of studies that have investigated the assumption that early childhood trauma is associated with hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis dysfunction in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). The current study is the first to simultaneously investigate relationships among early childhood
Page 1 of 30
Page 1 of 30