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Enno Kätelhön et al.
ACS nano, 8(5), 4924-4930 (2014-04-04)
We theoretically investigate reversible adsorption in electrochemical devices on a molecular level. To this end, a computational framework is introduced, which is based on 3D random walks including probabilities for adsorption and desorption events at surfaces. We demonstrate that this
Hua Ke et al.
The journal of physical chemistry. A, 118(34), 6819-6826 (2014-08-01)
Excitable reaction-diffusion systems form a wealth of dissipative concentration patterns that exist not only in chemical systems but also control or disrupt biological functions. An important example are rotating spiral waves in the autocatalytic Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction. We show that the
Binzhe Sun et al.
Bioresource technology, 196, 454-458 (2015-08-19)
A simple pretreatment method, NaOH swelling at a low temperature and then HCl regeneration, was developed for depolymerization of cellulose to glucose. Cellulose was transformed into amorphous hydrogel during the treatment; and due to the easy diffusion of H(+) and
Milan Jana et al.
Nanotechnology, 26(7), 075402-075402 (2015-02-03)
Co9S8/reduced graphene oxide (RGO) composites were prepared on nickel foam substrate through hydrothermal reaction and used directly as supercapacitor electrode. The field emission scanning electron microscopy analysis of the composites showed the formation of Co9S8 nano-rods on the RGO surfaces.
Hee-Chang Youn et al.
ChemSusChem, 8(11), 1875-1884 (2015-04-29)
A two-step method consisting of solid-state microwave irradiation and heat treatment under NH3 gas was used to prepare nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide (N-RGO) with a high specific surface area (1007 m(2)  g(-1) ), high electrical conductivity (1532 S m(-1) ), and low oxygen
Xinyi Chia et al.
ACS nano, 9(5), 5164-5179 (2015-04-22)
Layered transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have been the center of attention in the scientific community due to their properties that can be tapped on for applications in electrochemistry and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) catalysis. We report on the effect of
Esterification of free fatty acids using sulfuric acid as catalyst in the presence of triglycerides
Marchetti JM and Errazu AF
Biomass and Bioenergy, 32(9), 892-895 (2008)
Andrew D Ballantyne et al.
Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP, 17(45), 30540-30550 (2015-11-03)
In this study we compare the electrochemical and structural properties of three gold salts AuCl, AuCN and KAu(CN)2 in a Deep Eutectic Solvent (DES) electrolyte (Ethaline 200) in order to elucidate factors affecting the galvanic deposition of gold coatings on
Mohammad Behbahani et al.
Environmental monitoring and assessment, 186(11), 7245-7257 (2014-07-16)
We are introducing graphene oxide modified with amine groups as a new solid phase for extraction of heavy metal ions including cadmium(II), copper(II), nickel(II), zinc(II), and lead(II). Effects of pH value, flow rates, type, concentration, and volume of the eluent
Kan Zhang et al.
ChemSusChem, 7(9), 2489-2495 (2014-07-30)
A 2H-MoS2 (H=hexagonal) ultrathin nanomesh with high defect generation and large porosity is demonstrated to improving electrochemical performance, including in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) and the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), with the aid of a 3D reduced graphene oxide (RGO) scaffold
Diana Lebherz-Eichinger et al.
Biochemia medica, 25(2), 252-261 (2015-06-26)
Sparse data are available about the effect of therapy methods on antibody levels in patients with liver failure. The aim of this study was to determine serum immunoglobulin concentrations in patients with chronic hepatic failure (CHF), acute- (ALF), or acute-on-chronic
Fengming Zou et al.
ACS applied materials & interfaces, 7(22), 12168-12175 (2015-05-27)
A novel dual-mode immunoassay based on surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) and fluorescence was designed using graphene quantum dot (GQD) labels to detect a tuberculosis (TB) antigen, CFP-10, via a newly developed sensing platform of linearly aligned magnetoplasmonic (MagPlas) nanoparticles (NPs).
Bing-Joe Hwang et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 16263-16263 (2015-11-07)
Splitting water for hydrogen production using light, or electrical energy, is the most developed 'green technique'. For increasing efficiency in hydrogen production, currently, the most exciting and thriving strategies are focused on efficient and inexpensive catalysts. Here, we report an
Yanna C F Teles et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 20(11), 20161-20172 (2015-11-28)
Wissadula periplocifolia (L.) C. Presl (Malvaceae) is commonly used in Brazil to treat bee stings and as an antiseptic. The antioxidant properties of its extracts have been previously demonstrated, thus justifying a phytochemical investigation for its bioactive phenolic constituents. This
Hamid Hashemi-Moghaddam et al.
Journal of AOAC International, 97(5), 1434-1438 (2015-04-24)
A new molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) was synthesized using methacrylic acid (functional monomer), ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (crosslinker), 2,2'-azobisisobutironitril (initiator), silver (Ag) dithizone complex (template), and chloroform (porogenic solvent). This process was a noncovalent, bulk, thermal radical-polymerization. To compare the performance
A L Meredith et al.
Transboundary and emerging diseases, 62(6), 639-649 (2014-02-01)
Coxiella burnetii, the agent of Q-fever, is recognized as a worldwide zoonosis with a wide host range and potentially complex reservoir systems. Infected ruminants are the main source of infection for humans, but cats and other mammals, including wild rodents
Long Xu et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 196, 414-422 (2014-12-04)
Our aim of this study was to characterize the exposure pattern of polybrominated diphenyl ethers(PBDEs) in human placenta and assess their potential effects on neonates. Placenta samples were obtained from a typical e-waste area in Guiyu and a reference area
Climate change. Dr. Cool.
Eli Kintisch
Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6156), 307-309 (2013-10-19)
Bahram Ebrahimi et al.
Journal of AOAC International, 98(3), 822-827 (2015-06-19)
A sensitive and low cost SPE method for the extraction, preconcentration, and flame atomic absorption spectrometric determination of nickel at ng/mL levels is described. Parameters governing the extraction efficiency including pH of the solution, eluent type, sample volume, and matrix
Ivan Usov et al.
Nature communications, 6, 7564-7564 (2015-06-26)
Nanocellulose fibrils are ubiquitous in nature and nanotechnologies but their mesoscopic structural assembly is not yet fully understood. Here we study the structural features of rod-like cellulose nanoparticles on a single particle level, by applying statistical polymer physics concepts on
Shih-Pin Chen et al.
Phytotherapy research : PTR, 29(4), 518-525 (2014-11-19)
Although chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an inflammatory disease predominantly involving T cells, no study of Rhodiola as an immunomodulator in COPD patients has been reported. In this study, COPD patients took Rhodiola crenulata 500 mg (n = 38) or placebo (starch/phosphate
Hanjin Im et al.
Bioresource technology, 193, 386-392 (2015-07-06)
This work addresses an unprecedented way of co-producing biodiesel (FAEE) and valuable chemicals of ethyl levulinate (EL), ethyl formate (EF) and diethyl ether (DEE) from wet in situ transesterification of microalgae. EL, EF, and DEE were significantly produced up to
Kenichi Asano et al.
Nature communications, 6, 7802-7802 (2015-07-22)
Lamina propria (LP) macrophages are constantly exposed to commensal bacteria, and are refractory to those antigens in an interleukin (IL)-10-dependent fashion. However, the mechanisms that discriminate hazardous invasion by bacteria from peaceful co-existence with them remain elusive. Here we show
Hadir M Maher et al.
Combinatorial chemistry & high throughput screening, 18(8), 723-734 (2015-08-04)
Methotrexate (MTX) is widely used to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA), mostly along with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), the most common of which is aspirin or acetyl salicylic acid (ASA). Since NSAIDs impair MTX clearance and increase its toxicity, it was
Shannon L Haughney et al.
Nanoscale, 6(22), 13770-13778 (2014-10-07)
Acute respiratory infections represent a significant portion of global morbidity and mortality annually. There is a critical need for efficacious vaccines against respiratory pathogens. To vaccinate against respiratory disease, pulmonary delivery is an attractive route because it mimics the route
Peter Jönsson et al.
Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids, 31(46), 12708-12718 (2015-11-03)
It has previously been observed that an externally applied hydrodynamic shear flow above a fluid lipid bilayer can change the local concentration of macromolecules that are associated with the lipid bilayer. The external liquid flow results in a hydrodynamic force
Agnieszka Kucharska et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 406(26), 6665-6675 (2014-08-31)
Flame retardants (FRs), such as polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and phosphate flame retardants (PFRs), are a diverse group of compounds that are used to improve fire safety in many consumer products, such as furniture, textiles, electronics, etc. As these compounds
O López-Vidal et al.
Food chemistry, 194, 1064-1072 (2015-10-17)
In non-photosynthetic tissues, mitochondria are the main source of energy and of reactive oxygen species. Accumulation of high levels of these species in the cell causes damage to macromolecules including several proteins and induces changes in different metabolic processes. Fruit
Jack S Shamie et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 11215-11215 (2015-06-13)
We introduce a new concept of hybrid Na-based flow batteries (HNFBs) with a molten Na alloy anode in conjunction with a flowing catholyte separated by a solid Na-ion exchange membrane for grid-scale energy storage. Such HNFBs can operate at ambient
Bruno Gabriel Lucca et al.
Electrophoresis, 36(16), 1886-1893 (2015-04-18)
This report describes the development and application of a novel graphene-modified electrode to be used as amperometric sensor in microchip electrophoresis (ME) devices. The modified electrode was achieved based on electroreduction of graphene oxide on an integrated Pt working electrode
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