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34860

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Ilona Olędzka et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 102, 45-53 (2014-09-23)
The purpose of this work is the evaluation of the nutritional status of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), based on the level of vitamin C in urine and vitamins A and E in serum, using the fast, selective and fully...
Raju V V Tatituri et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(9), 2519-2528 (2015-02-07)
Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes) is a facultative, Gram-positive, food-borne bacterium, which causes serious infections. Although it is known that lipids play important roles in the survival of Listeria, the detailed structures of these lipids have not been established. In this...
Elise Ivarsen et al.
Journal of AOAC International, 97(5), 1282-1290 (2015-04-24)
Clostridium perfringens is the causative agent of necrotic enteritis leading to significant losses in the poultry industry. Dichloromethane and n-hexane extracts of aerial parts of Artemisia annua (Asteraceae) exhibited activity against C. perfringens with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of 185...
Eva F G Naninck et al.
Hippocampus, 25(3), 309-328 (2014-10-02)
Early life stress (ES) increases vulnerability to psychopathology and impairs cognition in adulthood. These ES-induced deficits are associated with lasting changes in hippocampal plasticity. Detailed information on the neurobiological basis, the onset, and progression of such changes and their sex-specificity...
Monique Zangarini et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 95, 107-112 (2014-03-26)
A rapid, sensitive and specific HPLC-MS/MS method was developed and validated for the quantification of trabectedin in human plasma after using deuterated trabectedin as Internal Standard (IS). After the addition of ammonium sulphate, the analyte was extracted from human plasma...
Chong-Ki Lee et al.
Pharmacological reports : PR, 67(1), 44-51 (2015-01-07)
This study aimed to investigate the effects of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors on the pharmacokinetics of nifedipine in rats. We determined the pharmacokinetic parameters of nifedipine and dehydronifedipine in rats after oral and intravenous administration of nifedipine without and with HMG-CoA...
Jun Zhe Min et al.
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry, 444, 143-148 (2015-02-18)
Type 2 diabetes patients (DP) have significantly higher plasma levels of valine, leucine, isoleucine and alanine than the controls. Specific amino acids may acutely and chronically regulate insulin secretion from the pancreatic β-cells. We recently identified a metabolic signature of...
Ki Hyuk Kang et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 13(12), 8116-8120 (2013-11-26)
CeO2(X)-ZnO(1-X) (X = 0, 0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 0.9, and 1.0) nano-catalysts were prepared by a co-precipitation method with a variation of CeO2 content (X, mol%), and they were applied to the direct synthesis of dimethyl carbonate from methanol and...
L A Ruocco et al.
Amino acids, 47(3), 637-650 (2015-01-18)
The Disrupted-in-schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) gene is involved in vulnerability to neuropsychiatric disorders. Naples high-excitability (NHE) rat model neuropsychiatric problems characterized by an unbalanced mesocortical dopamine system. Here, we assessed behavioral and neurochemical effects of immunization against multimeric rat DISC1 protein...
Yaxi Hu et al.
Food chemistry, 176, 123-129 (2015-01-28)
A novel biosensor combining molecularly imprinted polymers and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (MIPs-SERS) determines melamine in whole milk. MIPs were synthesized by bulk polymerization of melamine (template), methacrylic acid (functional monomer), ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (cross-linking agent) and 2,2'-azobisisobutyronitrile (initiator). Static and...
Massimiliano Sgroi et al.
Water research, 70, 174-183 (2014-12-22)
Full-scale experiments to evaluate N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) formation and attenuation were performed within an advanced indirect potable reuse (IPR) treatment system, which includes, sequentially: chloramination for membrane fouling control, microfiltration (MF), reverse osmosis (RO), ultraviolet irradiation with hydrogen peroxide (UV/H₂O₂), final...
L A Maranho et al.
Environmental research, 134, 353-365 (2014-09-10)
A set of "early warning responses", measured as biomarkers of exposure and effect, was applied in the marine bioindicator Hediste diversicolor, in a way to assess the environmental quality of sediment affected by pharmaceutical contamination. Sublethal responses were determined in...
Meei-Hua Lin et al.
The Journal of investigative dermatology, 135(2), 462-470 (2014-09-04)
Fatty acid transport protein (FATP) 4 is one of a family of six FATPs that facilitate long- and very-long-chain fatty acid uptake. Mice lacking FATP4 are born with tight, thick skin and a defective barrier; they die neonatally because of...
Er-Bao Zhang et al.
Medical oncology (Northwood, London, England), 31(5), 914-914 (2014-03-29)
Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most frequent cancers worldwide. Recent studies have shown that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play critical roles in multiple biological processes, including oncogenesis. The present study aimed to evaluate the potential role of lncRNA...
Ritwika Ray et al.
Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 20(47), 15618-15624 (2014-10-07)
The present article describes novel oxidative protocols for direct esterification of alcohols. The protocols involve successful demonstrations of both "cross" and "self" esterification of a wide variety of alcohols. The cross-esterification proceeds under a simple transition-metal-free condition, containing catalytic amounts...
Jessica A Cottrell et al.
Analytical biochemistry, 469, 34-42 (2014-12-03)
This article describes a new method for extracting RNA, protein, and lipid mediators from a single tissue specimen. Specifically, mouse bone fracture callus specimens were extracted into a single solution that was processed using three different procedures to measure messenger...
Teresa Ferreira et al.
Microscopy and microanalysis : the official journal of Microscopy Society of America, Microbeam Analysis Society, Microscopical Society of Canada, 21(1), 2-14 (2014-11-13)
A 16th century liturgical cope belonging to D. Teotónio of Braganza (collection of the Museum of Évora, ME 172/1) was selected for a material study. The cope is made of a variety of materials that include two different types of...
Laura Jaime et al.
Journal of the science of food and agriculture, 95(4), 722-729 (2014-06-17)
In this work three different techniques were applied to extract dry leaves of spinach (Spinacia oleracea): solid-liquid extraction (SLE), pressurised liquid extraction (PLE) and supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) to investigate the influence of extraction solvent and technique on extracts composition...
Mohammad Asif Iqbal et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1373, 149-158 (2014-12-04)
In the analysis of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) in ambient air, preparation of a sub-ppb level standard is an important factor. This task is very challenging as most BVOCs (e.g., monoterpenes) are highly volatile and reactive in nature. As...
Elisabetta Bertol et al.
Forensic science international, 243, 149-155 (2014-09-10)
We report on a case of repeated MDPV consumptions that resulted in severe psychosis and agitation prompting the concomitant abuse of benzodiazepines. A 27-year-old man was found irresponsive in his apartment and was brought to the emergency department (ED) of...
Martina Bolechová et al.
Food chemistry, 170, 265-270 (2014-10-13)
Alkaloids known as secondary metabolites are grouped by typical structural characteristics into large families such as pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) comprising more than 350 individual heterocyclic compounds. The PAs present a serious health risk to human and livestock; hence there is...
Long Wang et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 11(4), 2711-2716 (2014-12-18)
Glucocorticoid‑induced osteoporosis (GIOP) is a widespread clinical complication following glucocorticoid therapy. This irreversible damage to bone‑forming and ‑resorbing cells is essential in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis. Autophagy is a physiological process involved in the regulation of cells and their responses...
Fengxia Wu et al.
Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 155, 43-51 (2014-06-30)
We studied the effects of endocrine disrupting compounds nonylphenol (NP) and letrozole (LE) on the male goldfish Carassius aumtus. Exposure to NP (20 μg l(-1)) alone caused a significant up-regulation in the expression of aromatase, estrogen receptors and vitellogenin (VTG)...
D Q Li et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1345, 50-56 (2014-05-06)
Xanthine oxidase (XO) can catalyze hypoxanthine and xanthine to generate uric acid and reactive oxygen species (ROS), including superoxide anion radical (O₂(•-)) and hydrogen peroxide. XO inhibitors and free radical scavengers are beneficial to the treatment of gout and many...
Martin Göttle et al.
Annals of neurology, 76(1), 95-107 (2014-06-04)
Lesch-Nyhan disease (LND) is caused by congenital deficiency of the purine recycling enzyme, hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HGprt). Affected patients have a peculiar neurobehavioral syndrome linked with reductions of dopamine in the basal ganglia. The purpose of the current studies was to...
Weihao Wang et al.
Steroids, 95, 51-65 (2015-01-13)
Dioscorea panthaica is a traditional Chinese medicinal herb used in the treatment of various physiological conditions, including cardiovascular disease, gastropathy and hypertension. Steroidal saponins (SS) are the main active ingredients of this herb and have effects on myocardial ischemia and...
Yan Zhou et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 89, 107-115 (2014-12-08)
Combination therapies have been investigated to address the current challenges of anti-cancer therapeutics. In particular, a novel paradigm of combination therapy targeting both cancer stem/progenitor cells and bulk tumor cells is promising to improve the long-term therapeutic benefit against prostate...
Sergey Kosourov et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 80(18), 5807-5817 (2014-07-13)
We have investigated two approaches to enhance and extend H2 photoproduction yields in heterocystous, N2-fixing cyanobacteria entrapped in thin alginate films. In the first approach, periodic CO2 supplementation was provided to alginate-entrapped, N-deprived cells. N deprivation led to the inhibition...
Valentino Ruggieri et al.
BMC plant biology, 14, 337-337 (2014-12-04)
Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS) have been recently used to dissect complex quantitative traits and identify candidate genes affecting phenotype variation of polygenic traits. In order to map loci controlling variation in tomato marketable and nutritional fruit traits, we used...
Eva Gorrochategui et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 854, 20-33 (2014-12-07)
A lipidomic study was developed in a human placental choriocarcinoma cell line (JEG-3) exposed to tributyltin (TBT) and to a mixture of perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs). The method was based on the application of multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares (MCR-ALS) to...
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