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A H Wu et al.
Clinical chemistry, 45(7), 1051-1057 (1999-07-01)
In vitro adulterants are used to invalidate assays for urine drugs of abuse. The present study examined the effect of pyridinium chlorochromate (PCC) found in the product "Urine Luck". PCC was prepared and added to positive urine controls at concentrations
David G Belair et al.
Biomacromolecules, 15(6), 2038-2048 (2014-04-30)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) activity is highly regulated via sequestering within the ECM and cell-demanded proteolysis to release the sequestered VEGF. Numerous studies have demonstrated that VEGF activity mediates cellular events leading to angiogenesis and capillary formation in vivo.
K F Ho et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 197, 316-324 (2014-12-01)
A sampling campaign was carried out at nine Chinese cities in 2010/2011. Fifteen monocarbonyls (C# = 1-9) were quantified. Temperature is the rate-determining factor of the summertime carbonyl levels. The carbonyl emissions in winter are mainly driven by the primary
Alberto Sánchez-Guijo et al.
Journal of lipid research, 56(2), 403-412 (2014-12-17)
Steroid sulfatase (STS) deficiency is the underlying cause of the skin condition known as recessive X-linked ichthyosis (RXLI). RXLI patients show scales on their skin caused by high concentrations of cholesterol sulfate (CS), as they are not capable of releasing
Gregori Casals et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 960, 8-13 (2014-05-02)
Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) remains as the gold-standard technique for the study of the steroid metabolome. A main limitation is the need of performing a derivatization step since incubation with strong silylations agents for long periods of time (usually 16
Pablo de la Iglesia et al.
Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM, 28(23), 2605-2616 (2014-11-05)
Esterification is one of the most important metabolic routes of lipophilic marine toxins in shellfish. In this work we assessed several chemical acylation reactions aimed at obtaining acyl ester analogues via partial synthesis from the free toxins. The procedures developed
Haoyu Liu et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 113, 480-489 (2014-09-27)
Polymer design and selection are crucial to the development of amorphous solid dispersions (ASD) for solubilization of otherwise poorly water-soluble drugs. The matrix polymer is required to interact strongly at the molecular level with the drug to prevent recrystallization, but
Cyclostellettamines AF, pyridine alkaloids which inhibit binding of methyl quinuclidinyl benzilate (QNB) to muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, from the marine sponge, Stelletta maxima.
Fusetani N, et al.
Tetrahedron Letters, 35(23), 3967-3970 (1994)
Akito Nishizawa et al.
The Biochemical journal, 462(2), 257-265 (2014-06-07)
The coenzyme specificity of enzymes is one of the critical parameters for the engineered production of biological compounds using bacteria. Since NADPH is produced abundantly in photosynthetic organisms, conversion of an NADH-specific enzyme into an NADPH-specific one is a useful
Harry Adams et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 135(5), 1853-1863 (2013-01-31)
The association constants for a family of 96 closely related zinc porphyrin-pyridine ligand complexes have been measured in two different solvents, toluene and 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (TCE). The zinc porphyrin receptors are equipped with phenol side arms, which can form intramolecular H-bonds
Hye-Youn Kim et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 20(10), 18066-18082 (2015-10-09)
Chamaecyparis obtusa (CO) belongs to the Cupressaceae family, and it is found widely distributed in Japan and Korea. In this study, the anti-proliferative activities of the methanol and water extracts of CO leaves against a human colorectal cancer cell line
Konstantinos E Farsalinos et al.
Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco, 17(2), 168-174 (2014-09-03)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate sweet-flavored electronic cigarette (EC) liquids for the presence of diacetyl (DA) and acetyl propionyl (AP), which are chemicals approved for food use but are associated with respiratory disease when inhaled. In total
Jerri M Rook et al.
Neuropsychopharmacology : official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology, 40(3), 755-765 (2014-09-23)
Allosteric modulators of the metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGlu5) have exciting potential as therapeutic agents for multiple brain disorders. Translational studies with mGlu5 modulators have relied on mGlu5 allosteric site positron emission tomography (PET) radioligands to assess receptor occupancy
R S Sternal et al.
Investigative radiology, 27(12), 1040-1043 (1992-12-01)
Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) is the solvent most commonly used for in vivo dissolution of cholesterol gallstones. Its limitations, however, include high volatility and flammability along with potential toxicologic concerns. Therapy may take several hours. This study was initiated to
Daniel T Bowers et al.
ACS nano, 8(12), 12080-12091 (2014-11-27)
Oxygenation in tissue scaffolds continues to be a limiting factor in regenerative medicine despite efforts to induce neovascularization or to use oxygen-generating materials. Unfortunately, many established methods to measure oxygen concentration, such as using electrodes, require mechanical disturbance of the
Andrés Castellanos-Martín et al.
Genome biology, 16, 40-40 (2015-04-09)
An essential question in cancer is why individuals with the same disease have different clinical outcomes. Progress toward a more personalized medicine in cancer patients requires taking into account the underlying heterogeneity at different molecular levels. Here, we present a
Panagiota Nikolaou et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 102, 25-32 (2014-09-23)
A sensitive and accurate gas chromatography-mass spectrometric method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of levetiracetam and lamotrigine in whole blood. A solid-phase extraction (SPE) procedure using HF Bond Elut C18 columns followed by derivatization using N-methyl-N-tert-butyldimethylsilyl-trifluoroacetamide (MTBSTFA)
Zoran Rankovic
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 58(6), 2584-2608 (2014-12-17)
The human brain is a uniquely complex organ, which has evolved a sophisticated protection system to prevent injury from external insults and toxins. Designing molecules that can overcome this protection system and achieve optimal concentration at the desired therapeutic target
Teresa Mairinger et al.
Analytical chemistry, 87(23), 11792-11802 (2015-10-30)
For the first time an analytical work flow based on accurate mass gas chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC-QTOFMS) with chemical ionization for analysis providing a comprehensive picture of (13)C distribution along the primary metabolism is elaborated. The method provides a
Fernando Montañés et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1418, 218-223 (2015-09-29)
Preparative scale supercritical fluid chromatography was used to separate derivatized anomeric monosaccharides. Methyl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-α-d-glucopyranoside and methyl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-β-d-glucopyranoside were synthesized by benzoyl derivatization of the parent anomerically pure monosaccharides. The elution profiles of each anomer were studied, suggesting that separation was
Sylvie Mavel et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 20(4), 1388-1395 (2012-02-04)
The dopamine transporter (DAT) plays a pivotal role in the regulation of dopamine neurotransmission, and is involved in a number of physiological functions and brain disorders. Furthermore the DAT analysis by molecular imaging techniques is a useful tool for the
Si Chen et al.
Molecular bioSystems, 10(12), 3310-3321 (2014-10-16)
As a classical formula, Sini decoction (SND) has been fully proved to be clinically effective in treating doxorubicin (DOX)-induced cardiomyopathy. Current chemomics and pharmacology proved that the total alkaloids (TA), total gingerols (TG), total flavones and total saponins (TFS) are
Md Mujahid et al.
Journal of proteome research, 14(2), 711-727 (2014-11-13)
Aromatic amines are widely distributed in the environment and are major environmental pollutants. Although degradation of aromatic amines is well studied in bacteria, physiological adaptations and stress response to these toxic compounds is not yet fully understood. In the present
Jin Wang et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 13(1), 523-528 (2013-05-08)
The low bandgap 3-hexylthiophene/pyridine copolymers (P3HT/PY) were synthesized and the composites of P3HT/PY and CdSe QDs were prepared. The characterization are performed with 1H NMR, UV-vis, PL, TEM, XPS and cyclic voltammetry (CV). The results show that the P3HT/PY copolymers
Mohammed J Farooqi et al.
Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy, 153, 124-131 (2015-08-25)
Perylene diimide derivatives have attracted initial interest as industrial dyes. Recently, much attention has been focused on their strong π-π stacks resulting from the large PDI aromatic core. These PDI stacks have distinct optical properties, and provide informative models that
Lu Ren et al.
Carbohydrate research, 406, 19-26 (2015-02-07)
A purified water-soluble fraction (ICP5) of a polysaccharide, isolated from a local Maori mushroom Iliodiction cibarium in New Zealand, was investigated for its structural properties. Size exclusion chromatography and dynamic light scattering showed that ICP5 had a large MW of
Nathalie Ségaud et al.
Inorganic chemistry, 52(2), 691-700 (2013-01-11)
We report the synthesis, characterization, and solution chemistry of a series of new Fe(II) complexes based on the tetradentate ligand N-methyl-N,N'-bis(2-pyridyl-methyl)-1,2-diaminoethane or the pentadentate ones N,N',N'-tris(2-pyridyl-methyl)-1,2-diaminoethane and N,N',N'-tris(2-pyridyl-methyl)-1,3-diaminopropane, modified by propynyl or methoxyphenyltriazolyl groups on the amino functions. Six of
Robert Gruber et al.
The American journal of pathology, 185(4), 1012-1021 (2015-02-11)
Although keratosis pilaris (KP) is common, its etiopathogenesis remains unknown. KP is associated clinically with ichthyosis vulgaris and atopic dermatitis and molecular genetically with filaggrin-null mutations. In 20 KP patients and 20 matched controls, we assessed the filaggrin and claudin
Andrew W Owen et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 849, 12-18 (2014-10-11)
A specially designed thermal vaporiser was used with a process mass spectrometer designed for gas analysis to monitor the esterification of butan-1-ol and acetic anhydride. The reaction was conducted at two scales: in a 150 mL flask and a 1L
Vaibhav Khare et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 470(1-2), 51-62 (2014-05-09)
Gemcitabine, a nucleoside analogue, is used in the treatment of various solid tumors, however, its efficacy is limited by rapid metabolism by cytidine deaminase and fast kidney excretion. In this study, a polymeric conjugate of gemcitabine was prepared by covalent
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