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Status report on saccharin in humans.
G R Newell et al.
Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 61(2), 275-276 (1978-08-01)
Organ-specific modifying effects of phenobarbital, saccharin and antioxidants on 2-stage chemical carcinogenesis.
N Ito
Developments in toxicology and environmental science, 12, 359-369 (1986-01-01)
Marilyn E Carroll et al.
Behavioural pharmacology, 19(5-6), 435-460 (2008-08-12)
A positive relationship between the consumption of sweetened dietary substances (e.g. saccharin and sucrose) and drug abuse has been reported in both the human and other animal literature. The proposed genetic contribution to this relationship has been based on evidence
A G Renwick
Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association, 23(4-5), 429-435 (1985-04-01)
Recent studies on saccharin in animals and man have allowed a detailed understanding of its fate in the body. Saccharin is slowly absorbed from the gut but rapidly eliminated in the urine, largely by renal tubular secretion. Saccharin does not
Bo Liu et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 427(2), 431-437 (2012-09-25)
The family C G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) T1R2 and T1R3 heterodimer functions as a broadly acting sweet taste receptor. Perception of sweet taste is a species-dependent physiological process. It has been widely reported that New World monkeys and rodents are
Hiroo Yamashita et al.
Life sciences, 93(20), 732-741 (2013-10-08)
In the present study, we found that saccharin, an artificial calorie-free sweetener, promotes neurite extension in the cultured neuronal cells. The purposes of this study are to characterize the effect of saccharine on neurite extension and to determine how saccharin
Maryka Quik et al.
Biochemical pharmacology, 86(8), 1153-1162 (2013-07-09)
Accumulating evidence supports the idea that drugs acting at nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) may be beneficial for Parkinson's disease, a neurodegenerative movement disorder characterized by a loss of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. Nicotine administration to parkinsonian animals protects against nigrostriatal damage.
D C Martyn et al.
Current pharmaceutical design, 5(6), 405-415 (1999-07-03)
The inhibition of human leukocyte elastase (HLE), and other serine proteases, by succinimide and saccharin-based compounds is reviewed. The succinimide compounds are unique in that the inactivating species is generated within the enzyme active site via a molecular rearrangement. The
G M Prashant et al.
The journal of contemporary dental practice, 13(6), 749-752 (2013-02-14)
To evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial activity of three commercially available intense sweeteners against two common periodontal pathogens Porphyromonas gingivalis and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. Three commercially available intense sweeteners namely saccharin, aspartame and sucralose were obtained and powdered. Necessary concentrations of
S A Miller et al.
Diabetes care, 12(1), 74-80 (1989-01-01)
Saccharin, a nonnutritive sweetener discovered in 1879, has been the subject of controversy concerning its effect on public health on several occasions during this century. Over this period, the substance has come to be regarded as a useful commodity in
Alessandra T Peana et al.
Behavioural pharmacology, 25(7), 618-628 (2014-08-15)
Recent evidence has shown that Withania somnifera Dunal (Ashwagandha or Indian ginseng), a herbal remedy used in traditional medicine, impairs morphine-elicited place conditioning. Here, we investigated the effect of W. somnifera roots extract (WSE) on motivation for drinking ethanol using
Ceyda Icsel et al.
DNA and cell biology, 32(4), 165-172 (2013-03-12)
The aim of the present study is to investigate DNA binding interactions of two highly cytotoxic palladium(II) saccharinate (sac) complexes with 2,2':6',2″-terpyridine (terpy), [Pd(sac)(terpy)](sac)·4H(2)O (1) and [PdCl(terpy)](sac)·2H(2)O (2). UV-Vis spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, thermal denaturation, viscosity, and gel electrophoresis measurements were
Hugh P Morgan et al.
The Biochemical journal, 448(1), 67-72 (2012-08-22)
PYK (pyruvate kinase) plays a central role in the metabolism of many organisms and cell types, but the elucidation of the details of its function in a systems biology context has been hampered by the lack of specific high-affinity small-molecule
Saccharin consumption increases food consumption in rats.
Nutrition reviews, 48(3), 163-165 (1990-03-01)
L B Ellwein et al.
Critical reviews in toxicology, 20(5), 311-326 (1990-01-01)
Almost from its discovery in 1879, the use of saccharin as an artificial, non-nutritive sweetener has been the center of several controversies regarding potential toxic effects, most recently focusing on the urinary bladder carcinogenicity of sodium saccharin in rats when
Jagdishwar R Patel et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 436(1-2), 685-706 (2012-07-31)
Cocrystals of tenoxicam, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, are screened, prepared, and characterized in this study. Nine tenoxicam cocrystals were identified using solvent-drop grinding (SDG) techniques. Structural characterization was performed using powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), differential scanning calorimetry, and multinuclear solid-state
Camilla Karlsson et al.
Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior, 102(3), 400-406 (2012-06-19)
The hypothalamic neuropeptide melanin-concentrating hormone and its MCH1 receptor have been implicated in regulation of feeding and energy homeostasis, as well as modulation of reward-related behaviors. Here, we examined whether the MCH system plays a role both in caloric and
Zheng Tian et al.
Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids, 30(41), 12411-12420 (2014-09-25)
Carbon films with interdigitated bimodal three-dimensionally ordered mesoporosity (ib3DOm) are realized by a scalable nanoreplication process that removes the common need plaguing hard-templating strategies for multistep prefabrication of porous sacrificial templates. Specifically, evaporation-induced convective codeposition of size-tunable (ca. 20-50 nm)
Nathalie Vanhille et al.
Neuropsychopharmacology : official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology, 40(3), 577-589 (2014-08-15)
Drug addiction is associated with a relative devaluation of natural or socially-valued reinforcers that are unable to divert addicts from seeking and consuming the drug. Before protracted drug exposure, most rats prefer natural rewards, such as saccharin, over cocaine. However
Amjad Alhalaweh et al.
Molecular pharmaceutics, 9(9), 2605-2612 (2012-08-08)
Cocrystals constitute an important class of pharmaceutical solids for their remarkable ability to modulate solubility and pH dependence of water insoluble drugs. Here we show how cocrystals of indomethacin-saccharin (IND-SAC) and carbamazepine-saccharin (CBZ-SAC) enhance solubility and impart a pH-sensitivity different
Bernadett Nagy et al.
Behavioural brain research, 234(2), 228-232 (2012-07-07)
The mediodorsal prefrontal cortex (mdPFC), as an integrant part of the forebrain glucose-monitoring neural network, plays important roles in neural control of feeding. Previous studies suggested that streptozotocin (STZ) causes selective destruction of forebrain glucose-monitoring (GM) neurons leading to development
Saccharin and its salts.
IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans, 73, 517-624 (2000-05-11)
Linda A Parker et al.
Psychopharmacology, 232(3), 583-593 (2014-08-03)
To determine the role of the endocannabinoid, 2-arachodonyl glycerol (2-AG), in the regulation of nausea and vomiting. We evaluated the effectiveness of the potent selective monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL) inhibitor, MJN110, which selectively elevates the endocannabinoid 2-AG, to suppress acute nausea
Jeff A Beeler et al.
The European journal of neuroscience, 36(4), 2533-2546 (2012-06-21)
Recent findings suggest the reward system encodes metabolic value independent of taste, provoking speculation that the hedonic value of taste could be derived from nutritional value as a secondary appetitive property. We therefore dissociated and compared the impact of nutrition
D L Arnold et al.
Toxicology, 27(3-4), 179-256 (1983-07-01)
Saccharin, first synthesized in 1879, eventually became popular as an inexpensive substitute for sugar, particularly as a non-caloric sweetner. The dispute concerning the safety of saccharin for human consumption is almost as old as saccharin itself. In this article, the
Lesley D O'Brien et al.
Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior, 103(3), 597-602 (2012-10-30)
The acute effects of cannabinoid compounds have been investigated in animal models of anxiety-like behavior and palatability processing. However, the chronic effects of cannabinoids in such models are poorly understood. Experiment 1 compared the effects of both acute and chronic
Becky R Simon et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 288(45), 32475-32489 (2013-09-27)
G protein-coupled receptors mediate responses to a myriad of ligands, some of which regulate adipocyte differentiation and metabolism. The sweet taste receptors T1R2 and T1R3 are G protein-coupled receptors that function as carbohydrate sensors in taste buds, gut, and pancreas.
R L Anderson
Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association, 26(7), 637-644 (1988-07-01)
An hypothesis is presented of a mechanism for the sodium saccharin (NaS)-associated tumorigenesis of the urinary bladder that occurs in male rats. The ingestion of high doses of NaS is associated with increased urine volume and bladder mass. In rats
Anthony Sclafani et al.
American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 307(12), R1448-R1457 (2014-10-17)
Recent studies indicate that, unlike glucose, fructose has little or no post-oral preference conditioning actions in C57BL/6J (B6) mice. The present study determined whether this is also the case for FVB mice, which overconsume fructose relative to B6 mice. In
Annelies Grimonprez et al.
Brain stimulation, 8(1), 13-20 (2014-12-03)
Depression is the most common psychiatric comorbidity in epilepsy patients. The lack of success with current pharmacological interventions for this patient population, highlights the importance of optimizing non-pharmacological neuromodulatory treatments such as vagus nerve stimulation (VNS). Studies on the antidepressant
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