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AeRyon Kim et al.
Nature communications, 5, 5369-5369 (2014-11-22)
Immunodominant epitopes are few selected epitopes from complex antigens that initiate T-cell responses. Here to provide further insights into this process, we use a reductionist cell-free antigen-processing system composed of defined components. We use the system to characterize steps in
Justin P Wagner et al.
Journal of pediatric surgery, 49(8), 1319-1324 (2014-08-06)
Hirschsprung's disease is characterized by a developmental arrest of neural crest cell migration, causing distal aganglionosis. Transplanted cells derived from the neural crest may regenerate enteric ganglia in this condition. We investigated the potential of skin-derived precursor cells (SKPs) to
Ke Mao et al.
International journal of clinical and experimental medicine, 8(6), 8820-8827 (2015-08-27)
The study was designed to investigate the effect of various concentrations of cannabidiol (CBD) in rats with chronic epilepsy. The chronic epilepsy rat model was prepared by intraperitoneally injecting pentylenetetrazole to the rats pre-treated with CBD (10, 20 and 50
Laura Brohée et al.
Oncotarget, 6(13), 11264-11280 (2015-04-03)
Lipogenesis inhibition was reported to induce apoptosis and repress proliferation of cancer cells while barely affecting normal cells. Lipins exhibit dual function as enzymes catalyzing the dephosphorylation of phosphatidic acid to diacylglycerol and as co-transcriptional regulators. Thus, they are able
Sayan Basu et al.
Science translational medicine, 6(266), 266ra172-266ra172 (2014-12-17)
Conventional allograft therapy for corneal scarring is widespread and successful, but donor tissue is not universally available, and some grafts fail owing to rejection and complications such as endothelial failure. We investigated direct treatment of corneal scarring using autologous stem
Hee-Woong Lim et al.
Genome research, 25(6), 836-844 (2015-05-10)
Glucocorticoids (GCs) are commonly prescribed drugs, but their anti-inflammatory benefits are mitigated by metabolic side effects. Their transcriptional effects, including tissue-specific gene activation and repression, are mediated by the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), which is known to bind as a homodimer
Ayumi Ishii et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 11714-11714 (2015-07-01)
In this study, Eu-coated SiO2 nanoparticles have been prepared, consisting of an interfacial complex of Eu and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) at the solid surfaces of the SiO2/Eu nanostructures. The as-prepared SiO2/Eu/phen nanoparticles exhibits sharp red emission via energy transfer from the
Johan B Fagman et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 29(4), 1540-1550 (2015-01-01)
Androgens have important cardiometabolic actions in males, but their metabolic role in females is unclear. To determine the physiologic androgen receptor (AR)-dependent actions of androgens on atherogenesis in female mice, we generated female AR-knockout (ARKO) mice on an atherosclerosis-prone apolipoprotein
K Krishnanunni et al.
Journal of food science and technology, 52(5), 2572-2584 (2015-04-22)
The objective of this study is to analyze the chemical composition and volatiles present in two medicinal rice varieties of "karungkuravai" and "mappilai samba" and to investigate their total phenolic content and bio activity. Chemical composition of the rice varieties
Shuxin Han et al.
Nature communications, 6, 7231-7231 (2015-06-05)
Circadian control of nutrient availability is critical to efficiently meet the energetic demands of an organism. Production of bile acids (BAs), which facilitate digestion and absorption of nutrients, is a major regulator of this process. Here we identify a KLF15-Fgf15
Mahesh Mohan et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 194(1), 291-306 (2014-12-03)
Persistent gastrointestinal inflammation, a hallmark of progressive HIV/SIV infection, causes disruption of the gastrointestinal epithelial barrier, microbial translocation, and generalized immune activation/inflammation driving AIDS progression. Apart from protein regulators, recent studies strongly suggest critical roles for microRNAs (miRNAs) in regulating
Subburayan Karthikeyan et al.
Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie, 70, 274-282 (2015-03-18)
Previously, we reported that the prepared resveratrol (RSV) loaded gelatin nanoparticles (GNPs) possessed enhanced anticancer effect than free RSV in non-small cell lung carcinoma cells and Swiss albino mice. The present study aims to explore the relevant mechanism of cell
Yi-Fei Chen et al.
International journal of molecular medicine, 34(6), 1591-1598 (2014-10-17)
The difficulties faced in the effective treatment of ovarian cancer are multifactorial, but are mainly associated with relapse and drug resistance. Cancer stem-like cells have been reported to be an important contributor to these hindering factors. In this study, we
Mauricio Montaño-Rendón et al.
Zootaxa, 4034(3), 495-514 (2015-12-02)
The Rufous-backed Robin (Turdus rufopalliatus) is endemic to deciduous and semideciduous tropical forests of western Mexico. Of the currently recognized subspecies, T. r. graysoni, from the Tres Marías Islands and nearby coastal Nayarit, has been considered a separate species; however
Maris Vilums et al.
ChemMedChem, 10(7), 1249-1258 (2015-06-03)
Animal models suggest that the chemokine ligand 2/CC-chemokine receptor 2 (CCL2/CCR2) axis plays an important role in the development of inflammatory diseases. However, CCR2 antagonists have failed in clinical trials because of a lack of efficacy. We previously described a
Sumihiro Koyama et al.
Marine biotechnology (New York, N.Y.), 17(5), 678-692 (2015-08-06)
The purpose of this study was to develop a novel electrical retrieval method (ER method) for living sponge-associated microorganisms from marine sponges frozen at -80 °C. A -0.3-V vs. Ag/AgCl constant potential applied for 2 h at 9 °C induced
Liyun Ma et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1376, 64-73 (2014-12-22)
Cucurbit[7]uril (CB7), one host macromolecule, possesses a hydrophobic inner cavity and two identical hydrophilic carbonyl fringe portals, thus interacting with a variety of guest molecules through hydrophobic, hydrogen bonding and ion-dipole interactions. These characteristics make CB7 a good candidate as
Michelle M Lorah et al.
Biodegradation, 26(5), 341-357 (2015-07-15)
Anaerobic, fixed film, bioreactors bioaugmented with a dechlorinating microbial consortium were evaluated as a potential technology for cost effective, sustainable, and reliable treatment of mixed chlorinated ethanes and ethenes in groundwater from a large groundwater recovery system. Bench- and pilot-scale
Eirini G Velliou et al.
Bioprocess and biosystems engineering, 38(8), 1589-1600 (2015-04-26)
A great challenge when conducting ex vivo studies of leukaemia is the construction of an appropriate experimental platform that would recapitulate the bone marrow (BM) environment. Such a 3D scaffold system has been previously developed in our group [1]. Additionally
Lifeng Liu et al.
Plant physiology, 168(2), 549-560 (2015-04-15)
The predominant structure of the hemicellulose xyloglucan (XyG) found in the cell walls of dicots is a fucogalactoXyG with an XXXG core motif, whereas in the Poaceae (grasses and cereals), the structure of XyG is less xylosylated (XXGGn core motif)
Ke Liu et al.
Bioresource technology, 196, 716-720 (2015-08-09)
A two stage hydrolysis of corn stover was designed to solve the difficulties between sufficient mixing at high solids content and high power input encountered in large scale bioreactors. The process starts with the quick liquefaction to convert solid cellulose
Kyung Min Jeong et al.
Archives of pharmacal research, 38(12), 2143-2152 (2015-11-05)
Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) were investigated as tunable, environmentally benign, yet superior extraction media to enhance the extraction of anthocyanins from grape skin, which is usually discarded as waste. Ten DESs containing choline chloride as hydrogen bond acceptor combined with
Xiaoqian Ma et al.
PloS one, 6(11), e24647-e24647 (2011-11-19)
The latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) encoded by EBV is expressed in the majority of EBV-associated human malignancies and has been suggested to be one of the major oncogenic factors in EBV-mediated carcinogenesis. In previous studies we experimentally demonstrated that
K Anu et al.
Indian journal of experimental biology, 53(6), 329-334 (2015-07-15)
Piper colubrinum Link., a distant relative of Piper nigrum L., is immune to the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora capsici Leonian that causes 'quick wilt' in cultivated black pepper (P. nigrum). The osmotin, PR5 gene homologue, earlier identified from P. colubrinum, showed
Dorit Rennspiess et al.
Journal of thoracic oncology : official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer, 10(2), 360-366 (2014-12-20)
Although the molecular genetics possibly underlying the pathogenesis of human thymoma have been extensively studied, its etiology remains poorly understood. Because murine polyomavirus consistently induces thymomas in mice, we assessed the presence of the novel human polyomavirus 7 (HPyV7) in
Pratima Basak et al.
Endocrine-related cancer, 22(4), 505-517 (2015-05-07)
Although the role of estrogen signaling in breast cancer development has been extensively studied, the mechanisms that regulate the indispensable role of estrogen in normal mammary gland development have not been well studied. Because of the unavailability of culture system
Simon Puttick et al.
Molecular imaging, 14, 385-399 (2015-07-29)
Noninvasive imaging is a critical technology for diagnosis, classification, and subsequent treatment planning for patients with glioblastoma. It has been shown that the EphA2 receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) is overexpressed in a number of tumors, including glioblastoma. Expression levels of
Weijun Xuan et al.
Journal of biophotonics, 8(6), 502-511 (2014-09-10)
Transcranial low-level laser (light) therapy (LLLT) is a new non-invasive approach to treating a range of brain disorders including traumatic brain injury (TBI). We (and others) have shown that applying near-infrared light to the head of animals that have suffered
M Côté et al.
Brain, behavior, and immunity, 46, 154-167 (2015-02-01)
Parkinson's disease (PD) patients often suffer from gastrointestinal (GI) impairments that are associated with the alteration of dopaminergic (DAergic) neurons in the myenteric nervous system. Growing evidence suggests that inflammation originating from the gut may have a major impact in
Pengfei Zhang et al.
Nature communications, 6, 8446-8446 (2015-10-16)
The development of noble-metal-free heterogeneous catalysts that can realize the aerobic oxidation of C-H bonds at low temperature is a profound challenge in the catalysis community. Here we report the synthesis of a mesoporous Mn0.5Ce0.5Ox solid solution that is highly
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