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Valentina Fodale et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e112262-e112262 (2014-12-03)
In Huntington's disease, expansion of a CAG triplet repeat occurs in exon 1 of the huntingtin gene (HTT), resulting in a protein bearing>35 polyglutamine residues whose N-terminal fragments display a high propensity to misfold and aggregate. Recent data demonstrate that
Marilyn G Wiebe et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 99(22), 9439-9447 (2015-08-13)
An open reading frame CC1225 from the Caulobacter crescentus CB15 genome sequence belongs to the Gfo/Idh/MocA protein family and has 47 % amino acid sequence identity with the glucose-fructose oxidoreductase from Zymomonas mobilis (Zm GFOR). We expressed the ORF CC1225
Juan Manuel González-Prieto et al.
Fungal genetics and biology : FG & B, 71, 86-95 (2014-09-23)
We isolated a gene encoding a histone acetyltransferase from Ustilago maydis (DC.) Cda., which is orthologous to the Saccharomyces cerevisiae GCN5 gene. The gene was isolated from genomic clones identified by their specific hybridization to a gene fragment obtained by
Ruben Magni et al.
Journal of translational medicine, 13, 346-346 (2015-11-06)
Prompt antibiotic treatment of early stage Lyme borreliosis (LB) prevents progression to severe multisystem disease. There is a clinical need to improve the diagnostic specificity of early stage Lyme assays in the period prior to the mounting of a robust
Xiaojun Ge et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 11(1), 333-340 (2014-10-24)
The aim of the present study was to establish, characterize and elucidate the potential mechanisms of acquired gefitinb resistance, using the A549 human lung cancer cell line. A gefitinib-resistant A549 sub-clone was established by exposure to escalating gefitinib concentrations over
Rebecca M Harman et al.
Journal of virology, 88(23), 13669-13677 (2014-09-19)
Despite the clinical importance of herpes simplex virus (HSV)-induced ocular disease, the underlying pathophysiology of the disease remains poorly understood, in part due to the lack of adequate virus-natural-host models in which to study the cellular and viral factors involved
Laura R Kuck et al.
PloS one, 9(10), e109616-e109616 (2014-10-21)
Titer on Chip (Flu-ToC) is a new technique for quantification of influenza hemagglutinin (HA) concentration. In order to evaluate the potential of this new technique, a comparison of Flu-ToC to more conventional methods was conducted using recombinant HA produced in
Keijiro Hara et al.
Cancer letters, 356(2 Pt B), 496-505 (2014-10-11)
The effect of the third member of the Dickkopf family (DKK3) in the Wnt pathway in glioblastoma remains unclear. We first demonstrated the non-specific interaction of Wnt3a and Wnt5a with the receptors LRP6 and ROR2 and the up-regulation of the
T Ehtezazi et al.
Drug development and industrial pharmacy, 41(2), 279-291 (2013-11-21)
Conventional suspension pressurized metered dose inhalers (pMDIs) suffer not only from delivering small amounts of a drug to the lungs, but also the inhaled dose scatters all over the lung regions. This results in much less of the desired dose
Ayten Hijazi et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 29(12), 4968-4977 (2015-08-19)
Developmental exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) is associated with lung dysfunction and diseases. However, it is unknown if this association has a fetal origin. The present study addressed this important question by examining the effects of BPA on fetal lung
Jennifer C Bailey et al.
Immunology, 143(4), 679-691 (2014-07-06)
CD1d-mediated lipid antigen presentation activates a subset of innate immune lymphocytes called invariant natural killer T (NKT) cells that, by virtue of their potent cytokine production, bridge the innate and adaptive immune systems. Transforming growth factor (TGF-β) is a known
Sunita Maharjan et al.
Scientific reports, 4, 5896-5896 (2014-08-01)
Dysfunctions of the mitochondria and the ubiquitin-proteasome system, as well as generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), are linked to many aging-related neurodegenerative disorders. However, the order of these events remains unclear. Here, we show that the initial impairment occurs
Hossein Vakili et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 483(1-2), 244-249 (2014-12-21)
The aim of the study was to investigate applicability of near infra-red (NIR) hyperspectral imaging technique in quality control of printed personalised dosage forms. Inkjet printing technology was utilized to fabricate escalating doses of an active pharmaceutical ingredient (API). A
Michiel Boekhout et al.
Journal of cell science, 128(8), 1639-1653 (2015-02-13)
Nek2 isoform A (Nek2A) is a presumed substrate of the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome containing Cdc20 (APC/C(Cdc20)). Nek2A, like cyclin A, is degraded in mitosis while the spindle checkpoint is active. Cyclin A prevents spindle checkpoint proteins from binding to Cdc20 and
Li Wang et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1838(12), 3162-3170 (2014-09-15)
The organic solvent dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO) and 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-isopropanol (HFIP) have been widely used as a pre-treating agent of amyloid peptides and as a vehicle for water-insoluble inhibitors. These solvents are left in many cases as a trace quantity in bulk and
Justyna Zaborowska et al.
PloS one, 9(9), e107654-e107654 (2014-09-19)
The Herpes Simplex Virus 1 (HSV-1)-encoded ICP22 protein plays an important role in viral infection and affects expression of host cell genes. ICP22 is known to reduce the global level of serine (Ser)2 phosphorylation of the Tyr1Ser2Pro3Thr4Ser5Pro6Ser7 heptapeptide repeats comprising
Francesco Ballestriero et al.
PloS one, 9(10), e109201-e109201 (2014-10-09)
The purple pigment violacein is well known for its numerous biological activities including antibacterial, antiviral, antiprotozoan, and antitumor effects. In the current study we identify violacein as the antinematode agent produced by the marine bacterium Microbulbifer sp. D250, thereby extending
Siegfried Wagner et al.
Anticancer research, 35(1), 145-148 (2015-01-01)
Canine prostate cancer (PC) is a highly aggressive malignancy. However, in contrast to man, neither standard screening strategies nor curative therapeutic options exist for the companion animal. A prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) screening as molecular marker akin to human PC
Mireille Alhouayek et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(43), 17558-17563 (2013-10-09)
Proinflammatory macrophages are key mediators in several pathologies; thus, controlling their activation is necessary. The endocannabinoid system is implicated in various inflammatory processes. Here we show that in macrophages, the newly characterized enzyme α/β-hydrolase domain 6 (ABHD6) controls 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG)
Özge Ata et al.
Bioprocess and biosystems engineering, 38(5), 889-903 (2014-12-11)
The objectives of this work are the optimization of the codons of xylA gene from Thermus thermophilus to enhance the production of recombinant glucose isomerase (rGI) in P. pastoris and to investigate the effects of feeding strategies on rGI production.
John M Chaston et al.
mBio, 5(5), e01631-e01614 (2014-10-02)
Animal-associated bacteria (microbiota) affect host behaviors and physiological traits. To identify bacterial genetic determinants of microbiota-responsive host traits, we employed a metagenome-wide association (MGWA) approach in two steps. First, we measured two microbiota-responsive host traits, development time and triglyceride (TAG)
C Yilmaz et al.
Acta physiologica (Oxford, England), 213(4), 933-946 (2014-11-05)
Obese diabetic (ZDF fa/fa) rats with genetic leptin resistance suffer chronic lipotoxicity associated with age-related lung restriction and abnormal alveolar ultrastructure. We hypothesized that these abnormalities impair adaptation to ambient hypoxia. Male fa/fa and lean (+/+) ZDF rats (4-months old)
Andrew C Schuerger et al.
Astrobiology, 15(6), 478-491 (2015-06-11)
Between April 2009 and July 2011, the NASA Haughton-Mars Project (HMP) led the Northwest Passage Drive Expedition (NWPDX), a multi-staged long-distance crewed rover traverse along the Northwest Passage in the Arctic. In April 2009, the HMP Okarian rover was driven
K V Dmitruk et al.
TSitologiia i genetika, 47(6), 3-21 (2014-01-21)
Until recently, the methylotrophic yeast was not considered as a potential producer of biofuels, particularly of ethanol from lignocellulosic hydrolysates. The first work published 10 years ago reveals the ability of thermotolerant methylotrophic yeast Hansenula polymorpha to ferment xylose--one of
Clara Pereira et al.
Experimental cell research, 333(1), 73-79 (2015-03-03)
Mutations in Parkin, an E3 ubiquitin ligase, are associated to autosomal recessive Parkinson's disease (PD). Parkin has been mainly implicated, along with Pink1, in mitochondrial autophagy in response to stress. In this study, a yeast model was developed to analyse
Hannelore Rücker et al.
Organic & biomolecular chemistry, 13(10), 3040-3047 (2015-01-27)
Inflammatory signaling pathways orchestrate the cellular response to infection and injury. These pathways are known to be modulated by compounds that alkylate cysteinyl thiols. One class of phytochemicals with strong thiol alkylating activity is the chalcones. In this study we
Franziska Barthel et al.
Anesthesiology, 121(1), 160-169 (2014-03-07)
Dysfunction of spinal glycinergic neurotransmission is a major pathogenetic factor in neuropathic pain. The synaptic glycine concentration is controlled by the two glycine transporters (GlyT) 1 and 2. GlyT inhibitors act antinociceptive in various animal pain models when applied as
Xin Zheng et al.
Journal of virology, 89(9), 4786-4797 (2015-01-30)
Angiopoietin-1 (ANGPT-1) is a secreted glycoprotein that was first characterized as a ligand of the Tie2 receptor. In a previous study using microarray analysis, we found that the expression of ANGPT-1 was upregulated in Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV)-infected primary effusion
H Craig Heller et al.
Neurobiology of learning and memory, 116, 162-171 (2014-12-03)
Down syndrome (DS) has an incidence of about 1/700 births, and is therefore the most common cause of cognitive and behavioral impairments in children. Recent studies on mouse models of DS indicate that a number of pharmacotherapies could be beneficial
Hicham Benabdelkamel et al.
Molecular and cellular endocrinology, 401, 142-154 (2014-12-17)
Overweight (OW) and obese individuals are considered to be graded parts of the scale having increasing weight as a common feature. They may not, however, be part of the same continuum and may differ metabolically. In this study we applied
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