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Alexandra Rogue et al.
Toxicology and applied pharmacology, 276(1), 73-81 (2014-02-19)
Although non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is currently the most common form of chronic liver disease there is no pharmacological agent approved for its treatment. Since peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are closely associated with hepatic lipid metabolism, they seem to
Renata Raina-Fulton
Journal of AOAC International, 97(4), 965-977 (2014-08-26)
This article reviews the chromatography/MS methodologies for analysis of pesticide residues of orphan and difficult chemical classes in a variety of sample matrixes including water, urine, blood, and food. The review focuses on pesticide classes that are not commonly included
Norikazu Nomura et al.
The Annals of thoracic surgery, 96(6), 2184-2191 (2013-10-01)
Pulmonary hypertension associated with congenital heart disease increases the risk of surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass. Sivelestat is a neutrophil elastase inhibitor thought to have a prophylactic effect against lung injury after surgery using bypass. We elucidated that Sivelestat had the
Mayako Michino et al.
Molecular pharmacology, 84(6), 854-864 (2013-09-26)
Subtype-selective agents for the dopamine D3 receptor (D3R) have been considered as potential medications for drug addiction and other neuropsychiatric disorders. Medicinal chemistry efforts have led to the discovery of 4-phenylpiperazine derivatives that are >100-fold selective for the dopamine D3
Zheng-Quan Tang et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 33(40), 15964-15977 (2013-10-04)
Metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR)-dependent homosynaptic long-term depression (LTD) has been studied extensively at glutamatergic synapses in the CNS. However, much less is known about heterosynaptic long-term plasticity induced by mGluRs at inhibitory synapses. Here we report that pharmacological or synaptic
P M Tedeschi et al.
Cell death & disease, 4, e877-e877 (2013-10-26)
Recent observations on cancer cell metabolism indicate increased serine synthesis from glucose as a marker of poor prognosis. We have predicted that a fraction of the synthesized serine is routed to a pathway for ATP production. The pathway is composed
Gianluca Molla et al.
The Biochemical journal, 464(3), 387-399 (2014-10-01)
The aaoSo gene from Streptococcus oligofermentans encodes a 43 kDa flavoprotein, aminoacetone oxidase (SoAAO), which was reported to possess a low catalytic activity against several different L-amino acids; accordingly, it was classified as an L-amino acid oxidase. Subsequently, SoAAO was demonstrated
V Karamatic Crew et al.
Vox sanguinis, 106(3), 242-247 (2014-05-06)
Kell is a complex blood group system comprising 35 antigens. Kell antigens are absent from rare red cells of the Ko (null) phenotype and expressed only weakly in the Kmod phenotype. Molecular analysis of three uncommon KEL alleles elucidated the
Paramjit K Khera et al.
American journal of hematology, 90(1), 50-55 (2014-10-09)
HbA1c is commonly used to monitor glycemic control. However, there is growing evidence that the relationship between HbA1c and mean blood glucose (MBG) is influenced by variation in red blood cell (RBC) lifespan in hematologically normal individuals. Correction of HbA1c
Zoé Husson et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 34(28), 9418-9431 (2014-07-11)
The principal neurons of the cerebellar nuclei (CN), the sole output of the olivo-cerebellar system, receive a massive inhibitory input from Purkinje cells (PCs) of the cerebellar cortex. Morphological evidence suggests that CN principal cells are also contacted by inhibitory
Valéria Dornelles Gindri Sinhorin et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 106, 181-187 (2014-05-21)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of acute glyphosate (active ingredient) exposure on the oxidative stress biomarkers and antioxidant defenses of a hybrid surubim (Pseudoplatystoma sp). The fish were exposed to different herbicide concentrations for 96
Wilson I Gonsalves et al.
Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 106(7), doi:10-doi:10 (2014-06-14)
KRAS and BRAF (V600E) mutations are important predictive and prognostic markers, respectively, in colon cancer, but little is known about patient and clinical factors associated with them. Two thousand three hundred twenty-six of 3397 patients in the N0147 phase III
Tiangong Lu et al.
Molecular pharmacology, 87(1), 18-30 (2014-10-16)
ON01910.Na [sodium (E)-2-(2-methoxy-5-((2,4,6-trimethoxystyrylsulfonyl)methyl)phenylamino)acetate; Rigosertib, Estybon], a styryl benzylsulfone, is a phase III stage anticancer agent. This non-ATP competitive kinase inhibitor has multitargeted activity, promoting mitotic arrest and apoptosis. Extensive phase I/II studies with ON01910.Na, conducted in patients with solid tumors
M V Dolgushin et al.
Biomeditsinskaia khimiia, 59(1), 97-103 (2013-05-09)
The chronic stress in albino rats caused by exposure to the whole-body vibration induced the significant changes in the functional-metabolic status of the blood cells. It involved the phagocytosis level and the lysosomal cationic proteins in the neutrophils, oxidative and
S A Castner et al.
Neuropsychopharmacology : official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology, 39(12), 2742-2749 (2014-02-04)
Several lines of evidence suggest that schizophrenia is associated with deficits in glutamatergic transmission at the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. Glycine is a NMDA receptor co-agonist, and extracellular levels of glycine are regulated in the forebrain by the glycine type-1 transporters
Takeaki Tezuka et al.
Journal of bacteriology, 196(7), 1369-1376 (2014-01-21)
The glycine cleavage (GCV) system catalyzes the oxidative cleavage of glycine into CO2, NH4(+), and a methylene group, which is accepted by tetrahydrofolate (THF) to form N(5),N(10)-methylene-THF. Streptomyces griseus contains gcvP and the gcvT-gcvH operon, which encode three intrinsic components
Taoufik Nedjadi et al.
Experimental physiology, 99(10), 1335-1347 (2014-08-31)
The diet of the horse, pasture forage (grass), is fermented by the equine colonic microbiota to short-chain fatty acids, notably acetate, propionate and butyrate. Short-chain fatty acids provide a major source of energy for the horse and contribute to many
Robert J Harvey et al.
Nature reviews. Drug discovery, 12(11), 866-885 (2013-11-01)
Glycine transporters are endogenous regulators of the dual functions of glycine, which acts as a classical inhibitory neurotransmitter at glycinergic synapses and as a modulator of neuronal excitation mediated by NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptors at glutamatergic synapses. The two major subtypes
Chiho Kim et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 288(51), 36717-36732 (2013-11-16)
Calpains are a family of calcium-dependent cysteine proteases that are ubiquitously expressed in mammals and play critical roles in neuronal death by catalyzing substrate proteolysis. Here, we developed two-dimensional gel electrophoresis-based protease proteomics to identify putative calpain substrates. To accomplish
Julie Céline Brodeur et al.
Chemosphere, 112, 70-76 (2014-07-23)
The herbicide glyphosate and the insecticide cypermethrin are key pesticides of modern management in soy and corn cultures. Although these pesticides are likely to co-occur in ephemeral ponds or aquatic systems supporting amphibian wildlife, the toxicological interactions prevailing in mixtures
William McDonald et al.
Biochemistry, 53(27), 4467-4475 (2014-06-18)
Knowing how the protein environment modulates ligand pathways and redox centers in the respiratory heme-copper oxidases is fundamental for understanding the relationship between the structure and function of these enzymes. In this study, we investigated the reactions of O2 and
Seth C Hopkins et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 56(9), 3710-3724 (2013-05-02)
We characterized the mechanism and pharmacodynamics of five structurally distinct inhibitors of d-amino acid oxidase. All inhibitors bound the oxidized form of human enzyme with affinity slightly higher than that of benzoate (Kd ≈ 2-4 μM). Stopped-flow experiments showed that
Emilie Macé et al.
Molecular therapy : the journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy, 23(1), 7-16 (2014-08-07)
Most inherited retinal dystrophies display progressive photoreceptor cell degeneration leading to severe visual impairment. Optogenetic reactivation of retinal neurons mediated by adeno-associated virus (AAV) gene therapy has the potential to restore vision regardless of patient-specific mutations. The challenge for clinical
Therapeutics: Negative feedback.
Elie Dolgin
Nature, 508(7494), S10-S11 (2014-04-04)
Katharina Effenberger-Neidnicht et al.
The Journal of surgical research, 192(2), 592-598 (2014-07-12)
Glycine is well known to protect the intestine against ischemia-reperfusion injury and during mechanical manipulation. Here, we studied whether glycine protects the small intestine during endotoxemia, even without being the site of the infection. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was infused at a
Aneel Paulus et al.
British journal of haematology, 165(1), 78-88 (2014-01-29)
Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is the most common haematological malignancy in the U.S. The course of the disease has been shown to be negatively impacted by increased levels of BCL2. Strategies to downregulate BCL2 and shift the balance towards cellular
Xin Yang et al.
Annals of neurology, 75(4), 492-507 (2013-11-19)
Hypoglycemia is a common adverse event and can injure central nervous system (CNS) white matter (WM). We determined whether glutamate receptors were involved in hypoglycemic WM injury. Mouse optic nerves (MON), CNS WM tracts, were maintained at 37°C with oxygenated
Shogo Sato et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 192(1), 407-417 (2013-12-07)
Disruption of the circadian rhythm is a contributory factor to clinical and pathophysiological conditions, including cancer, the metabolic syndrome, and inflammation. Chronic and systemic inflammation are a potential trigger of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease and are caused by
Y Wu et al.
Clinical and experimental immunology, 179(2), 277-293 (2014-09-18)
The role of NOD-like receptor family (NLRP3) has been confirmed in various inflammatory diseases. The association between NLRP3 and hyper-bileacidaemia during the sepsis remains unclear. We aimed to investigate whether NLRP3 silencing protects against the sepsis-induced hyper-bileacidaemia. Sepsis was induced
C Lanctôt et al.
Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 154, 291-303 (2014-06-11)
Glyphosate-based herbicides are currently the most commonly used herbicides in the world. They have been shown to affect survival, growth, development and sexual differentiation of tadpoles under chronic laboratory exposures but this has not been investigated under more environmentally realistic
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