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Reza Abbasifar et al.
Archives of virology, 159(9), 2253-2261 (2014-04-08)
Cronobacter sakazakii, an opportunistic pathogen found in milk-based powdered infant formulae, has been linked to meningitis in infants, with high fatality rates. A set of phages from various environments were purified and tested in vitro against strains of C. sakazakii.
Bergthóra S Snorradóttir et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 103(8), 2366-2375 (2014-07-06)
A model is presented for transdermal drug delivery from single-layered silicone matrix systems. The work is based on our previous results that, in particular, extend the well-known Higuchi model. Recently, we have introduced a numerical transient model describing matrix systems
Ilchung Shin et al.
Nucleic acids research, 42(11), e90-e90 (2014-04-23)
We describe a ribonucleic acid (RNA) reporter system for live-cell imaging of gene expression to detect changes in polymerase II activity on individual promoters in individual cells. The reporters use strings of RNA aptamers that constitute IMAGEtags (Intracellular MultiAptamer GEnetic
Naozumi Ohnishi et al.
Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin, 62(6), 538-544 (2014-06-03)
A novel in vitro release test methodology for a liposome formulation was developed using a column-switching high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) system. Doxorubicin (DXR) liposome formulations were used as a model. A DXR liposome formulation was dispersed into a release medium
Claire O Malécot et al.
Journal of cardiovascular electrophysiology, 26(3), 311-319 (2014-10-28)
Ectopic activity arising from pulmonary veins (PV) plays a prominent role in the onset of atrial fibrillation in humans. Rat PV cardiac muscle cells have a lower resting membrane potential (RMP) than the left atria (LA) and presents in the
A Rizzi et al.
British journal of pharmacology, 171(17), 4138-4153 (2014-06-07)
An innovative chemical approach, named peptide welding technology (PWT), allows the synthesis of multibranched peptides with extraordinary high yield, purity and reproducibility. With this approach, three different tetrabranched derivatives of nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) have been synthesized and named PWT1-N/OFQ, PWT2-N/OFQ
Luis O'mar Serrano Figueroa et al.
Extremophiles : life under extreme conditions, 19(6), 1183-1192 (2015-10-07)
Soap Lake, located in Washington State, is a naturally occurring saline and alkaline lake. Several organisms inhabiting this lake have been identified as producers of siderophores that are unique in structure. Bacterial isolates, enriched from Soap Lake sediment and water
Kyle R Pomraning et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0123188-e0123188 (2015-04-24)
Yarrowia lipolytica is an oleaginous ascomycete yeast that accumulates large amounts of lipids and has potential as a biofuel producing organism. Despite a growing scientific literature focused on lipid production by Y. lipolytica, there remain significant knowledge gaps regarding the
Ye Fan et al.
Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces, 123, 8-14 (2014-09-15)
Unsaturated fatty acid liposomes (Ufasomes) have attracted interests because of the ready availability of unsaturated fatty acids and the simple assembly strategy. However, the colloidal instability of the ufasomes hinders them from applying in the fields of drug delivery and
Zhe Shen et al.
CNS neuroscience & therapeutics, 21(3), 271-279 (2014-12-17)
Lactates accumulate in ischemic brains. G protein-coupled receptor 81 (GPR81) is an endogenous receptor for lactate. We aimed to explore whether lactate is involved in ischemic injury via activating GPR81. N2A cells were transfected with GFP-GPR81 plasmids 24 h previously, and
Sandra Ghelardoni et al.
The Journal of endocrinology, 221(1), 101-110 (2014-03-15)
3-Iodothyronamine (T1AM) is an endogenous relative of thyroid hormone with profound metabolic effects. In different experimental models, T1AM increased blood glucose, and it is not clear whether this effect is entirely accounted by changes in insulin and/or glucagone secretion. Thus
Tasha M Santiago-Rodriguez et al.
Microbiome, 3, 58-58 (2015-11-10)
Most human microbiota studies focus on bacteria inhabiting body surfaces, but these surfaces also are home to large populations of viruses. Many are bacteriophages, and their role in driving bacterial diversity is difficult to decipher without the use of in
Hamid Reza Moazami et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 841, 24-32 (2014-08-12)
In order to understand the limitations of electromebrane extraction procedure better, a simple equivalent circuit has been proposed for a supported liquid membrane consisting of a resistor and a low leakage capacitor in series. To verify the equivalent circuit, it
Yan Geng et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 97(7), 2851-2858 (2012-10-30)
Antrodia camphorata is a well-known Chinese medicinal mushroom that protects against diverse health-related conditions. Submerged fermentation of A. camphorata is an alternative choice for the effective production of bioactive metabolites, but the effects of nutrition and environment on mycelial morphology
Antonia Hildebrand et al.
Molecular vision, 20, 1749-1757 (2015-01-06)
Corneal transplantation is the most frequent and successful form of tissue transplantation in adults (<10% rejection). In young children, any corneal opacity should be corrected as early as possible to prevent lifelong visual impairment. However, the corneal graft rejection rate
Ilaria Naldi et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e98101-e98101 (2014-05-24)
Epigenetic events are critical contributors to the pathogenesis of cancer, and targeting epigenetic mechanisms represents a novel strategy in anticancer therapy. Classic demethylating agents, such as 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (Decitabine), hold the potential for reprograming somatic cancer cells demonstrating high therapeutic efficacy
John E Schiel et al.
Talanta, 65(2), 495-500 (2008-10-31)
Potassium phosphate buffer is often used in methods such as equilibrium dialysis, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and affinity capillary electrophoresis (ACE) for characterizing the binding of drugs and hormones with proteins or other ligands within the body. In these
Sung Sun Yim et al.
Biotechnology and bioengineering, 113(1), 163-172 (2015-07-03)
Corynebacterium glutamicum, which has been for long an industrial producer of various L-amino acids, nucleic acids, and vitamins, is now also regarded as a potential host for the secretory production of recombinant proteins. To harness its potential as an industrial
Chuanshan Zhang et al.
Parasitology research, 113(10), 3745-3757 (2014-07-21)
Smad family proteins are essential cellular mediators of the transforming growth factor-β superfamily. In the present study, we identified two members of the Smad proteins, Smad8 and Smad4 homologues (termed as EgSmadE and EgSmadD, respectively), from Echinococcus granulosus, the causative
R Zagrodnik et al.
Bioresource technology, 200, 1039-1043 (2015-11-26)
The role of light intensity on biohydrogen production from glucose by Clostridium beijerinckii, Clostridium acetobutylicum, and Rhodobacter sphaeroides was studied to evaluate the performance and possible application in co-culture fermentation system. The applied source of light had spectrum similar to
Yee-Ki Lee et al.
Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology, 466(9), 1831-1844 (2013-12-12)
Friedreich ataxia (FRDA), a recessive neurodegenerative disorder commonly associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, is due to GAA repeat expansions within the first intron of the frataxin (FXN) gene encoding the mitochondrial protein involved in iron-sulfur cluster biosynthesis. The triplet codon repeats
Elenaz Naderkhani et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 103(2), 661-668 (2014-01-08)
The antiviral drug acyclovir (ACV) suffers from poor solubility both in lipophilic and hydrophilic environment, leading to low and highly variable bioavailability. To overcome these limitations, this study aimed at designing mucoadhesive ACV-containing liposomes to improve its permeability. Liposomes were
Vijesh Kumar et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1368, 155-162 (2014-12-03)
Aggregates of monoclonal antibody (mAb) therapeutics, due to their perceived impact on immunogenicity, are recognized as a critical quality attribute by the regulatory authorities as well as the industry. Hence, removal of aggregates is a key objective of bioprocessing. At
Guohua Gong et al.
American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, 309(7), H1166-H1177 (2015-08-16)
Mitochondrial respiration through electron transport chain (ETC) activity generates ATP and reactive oxygen species in eukaryotic cells. The modulation of mitochondrial respiration in vivo or under physiological conditions remains elusive largely due to the lack of appropriate approach to monitor
Ying Liu et al.
International journal of clinical and experimental medicine, 8(8), 13136-13144 (2015-11-10)
Vibration exercise (VE) is a new type of physical training, but little is known about its effects on insulin resistance at the molecular level. A Sprague-Dawley rat model of type 2 diabetes with insulin resistance was induced with a high-fat
M P Ali et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 99(23), 10261-10269 (2015-08-05)
Baculoviruses have a long history of safe use as specific, environmentally friendly insecticides that provide alternatives to chemical pesticides for controlling insect pests. However, their use has been limited by several factors, particularly their slow pathogenicity. In this study, we
Lei Wan et al.
Journal of integrative plant biology, 56(7), 622-634 (2014-01-24)
Katanin, a microtubule-severing enzyme, consists of two subunits: the catalytic subunit P60, and the regulatory subunit P80. In several species, P80 functions in meiotic spindle organization, the flagella biogenesis, the neuronal development, and the male gamete production. However, the P80
Mao Taketani et al.
mBio, 6(5), e01339-e01315 (2015-10-01)
The capsule from Bacteroides, a common gut symbiont, has long been a model system for studying the molecular mechanisms of host-symbiont interactions. The Bacteroides capsule is thought to consist of an array of phase-variable polysaccharides that give rise to subpopulations
Sabine May et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 31(11), 3211-3224 (2014-05-24)
The aim of this study was to investigate influencing factors on the dissolution test for powders for pulmonary delivery with USP apparatus 2 (paddle apparatus). We investigated the influence of dose collection method, membrane holder type and the presence of
Elżbieta Sikora et al.
Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces, 126, 541-545 (2015-01-27)
The skin permeation of forskolin, a diterpene isolated from Coleus forsholii, was studied using oil in water (O/W) emulsions as delivery formulations and also an oil solution for comparative purposes. Two forskolin-loaded emulsions of water/Brij 72:Symperonic A7/Miglyol 812:Isohexadecane, at 0.075
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