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Zareen S Khan et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1418, 228-232 (2015-10-04)
Public exposure to pesticide residues through the main/side-stream smoke of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) is an international concern. This article reports optimization and validation of large-scale multiresidue analysis methods involving low pressure and traditional gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry in
Q Q He et al.
Organic & biomolecular chemistry, 13(13), 4070-4079 (2015-03-05)
This study investigated the unexpected decomposition and associated intermediates of compound 1, a specific member of a drug discovery library based on a monosaccharide scaffold. LC/MS and NMR spectroscopic analyses indicated that, under acidic conditions, 1 can be converted into
Hannelore Rücker et al.
Organic & biomolecular chemistry, 13(10), 3040-3047 (2015-01-27)
Inflammatory signaling pathways orchestrate the cellular response to infection and injury. These pathways are known to be modulated by compounds that alkylate cysteinyl thiols. One class of phytochemicals with strong thiol alkylating activity is the chalcones. In this study we
Benito F García et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 20(11), 20079-20106 (2015-11-13)
The citrus by-products released from citrus processing plants may contain high levels of potentially bioactive compounds such as flavonoids, which are a widely distributed group of polyphenolic compounds with health-related properties based on their antioxidant activity. In the study reported
Thi Van Anh Ha et al.
Food chemistry, 178, 115-121 (2015-02-24)
Lycopene nanoemulsions were prepared to protect the antioxidant activity and improve the bioaccessibility of lycopene-enriched tomato extract (containing 6% of lycopene) by an emulsification-evaporation method. Lycopene nanoemulsions, with droplet sizes between 100 and 200 nm, exhibited higher anti-radical efficiency and
John Suberu et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 117, 522-531 (2015-10-18)
An improved liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) protocol for rapid analysis of co-metabolites of A. annua in raw extracts was developed and extensively characterized. The new method was used to analyse metabolic profiles of 13 varieties of A. annua from
Nrupa Borkar et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 89, 216-223 (2014-12-17)
Apomorphine, a subcutaneously administered drug for Parkinson's disease with short half-life requires frequent administration leading to patient non-compliance. This study aimed at synthesising and purifying lipophilic diesters of apomorphine, and investigating their in vitro degradation in biorelevant media before and
Xingwang Zhang et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 103(6), 1711-1719 (2014-04-05)
Oral delivery of anticancer drugs remains challenging because of limited water-solubility and/or poor permeability. Here, we aimed to enhance the oral bioavailability of tripterine (TRI, a plant-derived anticancer compound) using lipid nanospheres (LNs) and to determine the mechanisms of oral
Nicolas Chevalier et al.
Human reproduction (Oxford, England), 30(2), 447-453 (2014-12-21)
Does a relationship exist between insulin-like peptide 3 (INSL3) and selected environmental endocrine disruptors (EEDs) in human cord blood (cb)? In the whole population (cryptorchid and control boys) cbINSL3 correlated negatively with cb free bisphenol A (BPA) providing indirect evidence
Rune Gangsøy Kristiansen et al.
American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 307(10), G1024-G1031 (2014-09-27)
Glycine is an important ammoniagenic amino acid, which is increased in acute liver failure (ALF). We have previously shown that L-ornithine phenylacetate (OP) attenuates ammonia rise and intracranial pressure in pigs suffering from ALF but failed to demonstrate a stoichiometric
Bilal Yilmaz et al.
Journal of AOAC International, 97(4), 1061-1066 (2014-08-26)
This paper describes a GCIMS method for the determination of flurbiprofen in human plasma. Flurbiprofen and internal standard ibuprofen were extracted from plasma by using a liquid-liquid extraction method. Derivatization was carried out using N-Methyl-N-(trimethylsilyl)trifluoroacetamide. The calibration curve was linear
Clara H Jeong et al.
Environmental science & technology, 49(23), 13749-13759 (2015-05-06)
The introduction of drinking water disinfection greatly reduced waterborne diseases. However, the reaction between disinfectants and natural organic matter in the source water leads to an unintended consequence, the formation of drinking water disinfection byproducts (DBPs). The haloacetaldehydes (HALs) are
Matthäus Mlynek et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1284, 112-117 (2013-03-08)
The behaviour of PMMA standards in mixtures composed of two binary critical eluents was investigated. It was found that combinations of two critical eluents do not result in a molar mass independent elution (critical conditions). When mixing two binary critical
Gustavo D Mendes et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 969, 19-28 (2014-08-26)
A rapid, sensitive and specific method for quantifying propylthiouracil in human plasma using methylthiouracil as the internal standard (IS) is described. The analyte and the IS were extracted from plasma by liquid-liquid extraction using an organic solvent (ethyl acetate). The
Yang Yang et al.
Environmental science & technology, 48(20), 12362-12369 (2014-09-16)
Disinfectants inactivate pathogens in source water; however, they also react with organic matter and bromide/iodide to form disinfection byproducts (DBPs). Although only a few DBP classes have been systematically analyzed for toxicity, iodinated and brominated DBPs tend to be the
Lorraine Aparecida Pinto et al.
Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology, 388(3), 305-317 (2014-11-25)
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the gastroprotective and healing effects of the methanolic extract of the seed of the papaya Carica papaya L. (MECP) in rats. Models of acute gastric ulcer induction by ethanol and indomethacin
Man-Jeong Paik et al.
Sleep & breathing = Schlaf & Atmung, 18(3), 517-523 (2014-01-10)
The apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) is closely related with the severity of daytime sleepiness, but excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) is not presented on all patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). It is unclear why daytime sleepiness is not always present in
Frady G Adly et al.
Chirality, 26(11), 764-774 (2014-07-22)
A new series of dirhodium(II) tetracarboxylate was derived from N-1,2-naphthaloyl-(S)-amino acid ligands. In terms of enantioselectivity, Rh2 (S-1,2-NTTL)4 () derived from N-1,2-naphthaloyl-(S)-tert-leucine, was the best-performing catalyst among the new series in the enantioselective synthesis of cyclopropylphosphonate derivatives (up to >99%
Predrag Jovanovic et al.
Enzyme and microbial technology, 60, 16-23 (2014-05-20)
Chemoselective reduction of activated carbon-carbon double bond in conjugated nitroalkenes was achieved using Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) whole cells. Nine different substrates have been used furnishing the reduced products in moderate to good yields. 1-Nitro-4-phenyl-1,3-butadiene and (2-nitro-1-propenyl)benzene were successfully biotransformed with
Hui Zhang et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 21(16), 9939-9947 (2014-05-16)
An efficient pretreatment and analytical method was developed to investigate the occurrence and fate of four free estrogens (estrone (E1), 17β-estradiol (17β-E2), estriol (E3), and 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2)), four conjugated estrogens (estrone-3-sulfate sodium salt (E1-3S), 17β-estradiol-3-sulfate sodium salt (E2-3S), estrone-3-glucuronide sodium
Steven Pham et al.
The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology, 144 Pt B, 436-444 (2014-09-10)
Castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is often lethal and inevitably develops after androgen ablation therapy. However, in the majority of cases it remains androgen dependent. CRPC tumors have the ability to synthesize their own androgens from cholesterol by engaging in
Sang Jin Kim et al.
ChemSusChem, 8(22), 3783-3792 (2015-10-21)
Herein, we report a high performance polymer membrane with simultaneously large improvements in the CO2 permeability and CO2/N2 selectivity. These improvements are obtained by incorporation of a multi-functional amphiphilic comb copolymer micelle, that is, poly(dimethylsiloxane)-g-poly(oxyethylene methacrylate) (PDMS-g-POEM), into a poly(amide-b-ethylene
Kenji Uehara et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 81(1), 453-460 (2014-11-02)
4-Hydroxy-2 (or 5)-ethyl-5 (or 2)-methyl-3(2H)-furanone (HEMF) is an important flavor compound that contributes to the sensory properties of many natural products, particularly soy sauce and soybean paste. The compound exhibits a caramel-like aroma and several important physiological activities, such as
Inés Racamonde et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 865, 22-30 (2015-03-04)
Fabric phase sorptive extraction (FPSE) is a new, yet very promising member of the sorbent-based sorptive microextraction family. It has simultaneously improved both the extraction sensitivity and the speed of the extraction by incorporating high volume of sol-gel hybrid inorganic-organic
Madhu Chandel et al.
Asian Pacific journal of tropical medicine, 5(12), 977-985 (2012-12-04)
To evaluate the antioxidant potential of different extract/fractions of Anthocephalus cadamba (A. cadamba) (Roxb.) Miq. (Rubiaceae) and study the tentative identification of their active constituents. The extract/fractions were screened for antioxidant activity using various in vitro assays viz. DPPH assay
Joséphine K Ntumba et al.
Lipids, 50(3), 313-322 (2014-12-30)
The total oil production capacity of isano oil is estimated at about 10,000 tons annually. Previous studies of this oil revealed that it is rich in fatty acids including a conjugated diyne moiety. This makes isano oil an excellent candidate
Jiandong Hu et al.
PloS one, 10(3), e0122005-e0122005 (2015-03-24)
A surface plasmon resonance (SPR) immunoassay with an immobilization of self-assembled molecular identification membrane for the detection of residual Clenbuterol Hydrochloride (CLB) in pork liver was systematically investigated and experimentally validated for its high performance. SPR immunoassay with a regular
Eun Byeol Lee et al.
Biomolecules & therapeutics, 23(6), 582-589 (2015-11-05)
Several theories emphasize that aging is closely related to oxidative stress and disease. The formation of excess ROS can lead to DNA damage and the acceleration of aging. Vigna angularis is one of the important medicinal plants in Korea. We
Prabhakar Kumar Verma et al.
Pakistan journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 26(1), 209-215 (2012-12-25)
A rapid resolution high performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) method has been developed and validated for estimation of olmesartan medoxomil in tablet formulations. This paper describes accurate, precise, specific and reproducible method and its degradation products, related impurities for assessment
Towards a green process for bulk-scale synthesis of ethyl acetate: efficient acceptorless dehydrogenation of ethanol.
Martin Nielsen et al.
Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English), 51(23), 5711-5713 (2012-04-21)
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