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Ala Muala et al.
Particle and fibre toxicology, 12, 33-33 (2015-10-30)
Smoke from combustion of biomass fuels is a major risk factor for respiratory disease, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to determine whether exposure to wood smoke from incomplete combustion would elicit airway
Wei-Li Fu et al.
Tissue engineering. Part A, 21(5-6), 948-959 (2014-10-10)
Vascularization of engineered bone tissue is critical for ensuring its survival after implantation and it is the primary factor limiting its clinical use. A promising approach is to prevascularize bone grafts in vitro using endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) derived from
Shawn Montpetit et al.
Forensic science international. Genetics, 17, 70-74 (2015-04-02)
Gun crimes are a significant problem facing law enforcement agencies. Traditional forensic examination of firearms involves comparisons of markings imparted to bullets and cartridge casings during the firing process. DNA testing of casings and cartridges may not be routinely done
Shannon Carpenter et al.
Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery, 24(9), 1372-1379 (2015-04-07)
Although short-term outcomes of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA) remain promising, the most commonly cited complication remains prosthetic instability. A retentive rTSA liner is commonly used to increase system constraint; however, no studies have evaluated the rate of polyethylene wear.
Tamar Sabo et al.
Toxicology letters, 237(2), 72-78 (2015-06-09)
Abrin, a potent plant-derived toxin bearing strong resemblance to ricin, irreversibly inactivates ribosomes by site-specific depurination, thereby precipitating cessation of protein synthesis in cells. Due to its high availability and ease of preparation, abrin is considered a biological threat, especially
Sorcha Cassidy et al.
European journal of immunology, 45(2), 492-500 (2014-11-02)
Natural killer cells are controlled by peptide selective inhibitory receptors for MHC class I, including the killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs). Despite having similar ligands, KIR2DL2 and KIR2DL3 confer different levels of protection to infectious disease. To investigate how changes
Chek Meng Poh et al.
Infection and immunity, 82(11), 4854-4864 (2014-08-27)
CD8(+) T cells play a pathogenic role in the development of murine experimental cerebral malaria (ECM) induced by Plasmodium berghei ANKA (PbA) infection in C57BL/6 mice. Only a limited number of CD8(+) epitopes have been described. Here, we report the
Beiyun Wang et al.
Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology, 36(3), 1142-1150 (2015-06-27)
Diabetes and Alzheimer's disease are often associated with each other, whereas the relationship between two diseases is ill-defined. Although hyperglycemia during diabetes is a major cause of encephalopathy, diabetes may also cause chronic inflammatory complications including peripheral neuropathy. Hence the
Nicole Willems et al.
Arthritis research & therapy, 17, 214-214 (2015-08-21)
Chronic low back pain due to intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration is associated with increased levels of inflammatory mediators. Current medical treatment consists of oral anti-inflammatory drugs to alleviate pain. In this study, the efficacy and safety of a novel thermoreversible
Kirk D C Jensen et al.
mBio, 6(2), e02280-e02280 (2015-02-26)
The intracellular parasite Toxoplasma gondii infects a wide variety of vertebrate species globally. Infection in most hosts causes a lifelong chronic infection and generates immunological memory responses that protect the host against new infections. In regions where the organism is
Monika Jusko et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 195(5), 2231-2240 (2015-07-26)
Recent reports focusing on virulence factors of periodontal pathogens implicated proteinases as major determinants of remarkable pathogenicity of these species, with special emphasis on their capacity to modulate complement activity. In particular, bacteria-mediated cleavage of C5 and subsequent release of
Yong Liang et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(9), 2373-2381 (2014-11-21)
We report a novel activity-based and Cu-free click chemistry (CC) mediated methodology for glutathione S-transferase omega 1 (GSTO1) quantification using species-unspecific isotope dilution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (SUID ICP-MS), in which dibenzylcyclooctyne-modified 2-chloroacetamide (DBCO-ChAcA) was designed and synthesized, meanwhile
Zhaowei Zhu et al.
Cellular and molecular neurobiology, 35(2), 273-282 (2014-10-17)
This study aimed to investigate whether or not ginkgo biloba extract (EGb 761) enhances peripheral nerve regeneration and vascularization after repair using acellular nerve allografts (ANA). Seventy-two Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three experimental groups: a unilateral 15-mm sciatic
Andreas Lenshof et al.
Cytometry. Part A : the journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology, 85(11), 933-941 (2014-07-24)
Processing of peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPC) for clinical transplantation or research applications aims to effectively isolate or deplete specific cell populations, utilizing primarily magnetic or fluorescence activated sorting methods. Here, we investigated the performance of microfluidic acoustophoresis for the
Ryoji Funadani et al.
Microbes and environments, 28(1), 149-152 (2012-12-28)
The first sign of excysting Colpoda cucullus cells is the initiation of the pulsation of a contractile vacuole, which is then replaced by a non-pulsating vacuole (excystment vacuole) that continues to expand and finally ruptures the outermost cyst wall (ectocyst)
Xiaohu Xia et al.
ACS nano, 9(10), 9994-10004 (2015-09-04)
Peroxidase mimics with dimensions on the nanoscale have received great interest as emerging artificial enzymes for biomedicine and environmental protection. While a variety of peroxidase mimics have been actively developed recently, limited progress has been made toward improving their catalytic
Elena Brezina et al.
Environmental science & technology, 49(17), 10449-10456 (2015-08-25)
Carbamazepine (CBZ) is a worldwide used antiepileptic drug, which is metabolized to a large extent in the human body to several metabolites, including 10,11-dihydroxy-10,11-dihydrocarbamazepine (DiOHCBZ), 2-hydroxycarbamazepine (2OHCBZ), and 3-hydroxycarbamazepine (3OHCBZ). 2OHCBZ and 3OHCBZ were previously detected in raw and treated
Mitesh Patel et al.
Brain research, 1468, 1-10 (2012-06-12)
Riboflavin is an important water soluble vitamin (B2) required for metabolic reactions, normal cellular growth, differentiation and function. Mammalian brain cells cannot synthesize riboflavin and must import from systemic circulation. However, the uptake mechanism, cellular translocation and intracellular trafficking of
Irma Pujol-Autonell et al.
PloS one, 10(6), e0127057-e0127057 (2015-06-04)
The development of new therapies to induce self-tolerance has been an important medical health challenge in type 1 diabetes. An ideal immunotherapy should inhibit the autoimmune attack, avoid systemic side effects and allow β-cell regeneration. Based on the immunomodulatory effects
Gabriela Morachis-Valdez et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 22(12), 9159-9172 (2015-01-15)
Madín Reservoir (MR) is located on the Río Tlalnepantla in Mexico. Previous studies seeking to identify pollutants at this site evidence that MR water contains a considerable metal load as well as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) at concentrations above those
S Rudnick-Glick et al.
Journal of nanobiotechnology, 13, 80-80 (2015-11-19)
Bisphosphonate (BP) compounds are widely used in the treatment of bone disorders. This group of drugs with a high affinity to Ca(+2) ions is rapidly attracted to bone mineral, especially in areas of high resorption. We have engineered unique biodegradable
Annamalai Muthusamy et al.
International journal of radiation biology, 90(12), 1229-1239 (2014-05-17)
The purpose of the investigation was to induce somaclonal variations by gamma rays (GR), ethylmethane sulphonate (EMS) and sodium azide (SA) during in vitro organogenesis of cotton. The shoot tip explants were irradiated with 5-50 Gray (Gy) GR (Cobalt 60)
Heba Alshaker et al.
Breast cancer research : BCR, 16(5), 426-426 (2014-12-09)
Obesity is a known risk factor for breast cancer. Sphingosine kinase 1 (SK1) is an oncogenic lipid kinase that is overexpressed in breast tumours and linked with poor prognosis, however, its role in obesity-driven breast cancer was never elucidated. Human
F Kazazi-Hyseni et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 482(1-2), 99-109 (2014-12-17)
Poly(D,L-lactic-co-hydroxymethyl glycolic acid) (PLHMGA) is a biodegradable copolymer with potential as a novel carrier in polymeric drug delivery systems. In this study, the biocompatibility of PLHMGA microspheres (PLHMGA-ms) was investigated both in vitro in three different cell types (PK-84, HK-2
Lucy Golden-Mason et al.
PloS one, 9(7), e103219-e103219 (2014-07-31)
Hepatitis C viral (HCV) proteins, including core, demonstrate immuno-modulatory properties; however, the effect of extracellular core on natural killer (NK) cells has not previously been investigated. To characterise NKs in acute HCV infection over time, and, to examine the effect
Koichiro Tsuboi et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(33), 20511-20526 (2015-07-08)
Genome-wide association studies of inflammatory bowel diseases identified susceptible loci containing an autophagy-related gene. However, the role of autophagy in the colon, a major affected area in inflammatory bowel diseases, is not clear. Here, we show that colonic epithelial cell-specific
Chuang Xu et al.
Monoclonal antibodies in immunodiagnosis and immunotherapy, 34(5), 341-345 (2015-10-23)
When abrin-a was combined with several polyclonal antibodies (PAb), the detection limit could be increased. In this way, a monoclonal antibody (capture) and polyclonal antibody (detection) sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and a colloidal gold-PAb conjugate-based immunochromatographic assay for detection
Samuel Furse et al.
Organic & biomolecular chemistry, 13(7), 2001-2011 (2014-12-18)
In this paper evidence is presented that the fatty acid component of an inositide substrate affects the kinetic parameters of the lipid phosphatase Salmonella Outer Protein B (SopB). A succinct route was used to prepare the naturally occurring enantiomer of
Małgorzata Goralska et al.
Experimental eye research, 125, 135-141 (2014-06-01)
Hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) regulates expression of over 60 genes by binding to hypoxia response elements (HRE) located upstream of the transcriptional start sites. Many genes encoding proteins involved in iron transport and homeostasis are regulated by HIF. Expression of
Kangmin Chon et al.
Bioresource technology, 190, 499-507 (2015-03-24)
This study investigated the removal efficiency and mechanisms of water contaminants (mainly N-nitrosamines) during municipal wastewater reclamation by a membrane bioreactor (MBR) and nanofiltration (NF) hybrid system. The removal of bulk water contaminants was governed by the microbial activities in
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