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Marilis Rodriguez et al.
PloS one, 9(9), e107727-e107727 (2014-09-17)
Human babesiosis is caused by one of several babesial species transmitted by ixodid ticks that have distinct geographical distributions based on the presence of competent animal hosts. The pathology of babesiosis, like malaria, is a consequence of the parasitaemia which
Krishna Gokul et al.
Neurochemical research, 39(7), 1382-1394 (2014-05-17)
Although tomato seeds (an industrial by-product) are known to contain several bioactive compounds, studies describing their health effects are limited. Previously, we evidenced that aqueous extract of tomato seeds (TSE) markedly attenuated rotenone (ROT)-induced oxidative stress and neurotoxicity in Drosophila
Janani Swaminathan et al.
Journal of liposome research, 24(4), 297-303 (2014-04-09)
The intent of this work was to assess the impact of lyophilization on the encapsulation of salmon calcitonin (sCT) into liposomes. Four different liposomal formulations were investigated, i.e. DPPC:Chol:DSPE-PEG(2000) (75:20:5 and 65:30:5) and DPPC:Chol (80:20 and 66.7:33.3). Lipid films were
Jessey Erath et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 59(3), 1427-1434 (2014-12-17)
Widespread resistance to most antimalaria drugs in use has prompted the search for novel candidate compounds with activity against Plasmodium asexual blood stages to be developed for treatment. In addition, the current malaria eradication programs require the development of drugs
C Denoyelle et al.
Cell death & disease, 5, e1445-e1445 (2014-10-10)
We sought to identify miRNAs that can efficiently induce apoptosis in ovarian cancer cells by overcoming BCL-X(L) and MCL1 anti-apoptotic activity, using combined computational and experimental approaches. We found that miR-491-5p efficiently induces apoptosis in IGROV1-R10 cells by directly inhibiting
Geethu Emily Thomas et al.
International journal of oncology, 46(1), 133-146 (2014-10-14)
Microtubule plus‑end‑binding protein (+TIP) EB1 has been shown to be upregulated in breast cancer cells and promote breast tumor growth in vivo. However, its effect on the cellular actions of microtubule‑targeted drugs in breast cancer cells has remained poorly understood. By using cellular
Lucile E Wrenshall et al.
PloS one, 9(7), e102191-e102191 (2014-07-16)
Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is a multi-faceted cytokine, known for promoting proliferation, survival, and cell death depending on the cell type and state. For example, IL-2 facilitates cell death only in activated T cells when antigen and IL-2 are abundant. The availability
Ina Hermann et al.
American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology, 52(1), 14-24 (2014-06-12)
Treatment of primary or immortalized human airway epithelial cells (16HBE14o-, S9) or alveolar cancer cells (A549) with recombinant hemolysin A (rHla), a major virulence-associated factor of Staphylococcus aureus, induces alterations in cell shape and formation of paracellular gaps in the
Yong Fang Zhu et al.
Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology, 466(7), 1467-1475 (2013-10-09)
Enteric sensory neurons (the AH neurons) play a role in control of gastrointestinal motor activity; AH neuron activation has been proposed to change propulsion into segmentation. We sought to find a mechanism underlying this phenomenon. We formulated the hypothesis that
Kate M Hatzopoulos et al.
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 55(6), 3957-3970 (2014-06-05)
Retinal angiogenesis, neural dysfunction, and microglial activation occur in both humans with retinopathy of prematurity and in animal models of the disease. The aim of this study was to assess whether blockade of the renin-angiotensin system ameliorated these effects in
Siegfried Wagner et al.
Anticancer research, 35(1), 145-148 (2015-01-01)
Canine prostate cancer (PC) is a highly aggressive malignancy. However, in contrast to man, neither standard screening strategies nor curative therapeutic options exist for the companion animal. A prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) screening as molecular marker akin to human PC
Kohei Hashimoto et al.
Laboratory investigation; a journal of technical methods and pathology, 95(3), 283-295 (2015-01-13)
Neuroendocrine (NE) cells in prostate cancer have been shown to be associated with the progression of prostate cancer. However, little is known about the molecular basis of this association. We have previously demonstrated that NE cells promote metastasis of a
Prasuna Paluru et al.
Stem cell research, 12(2), 441-451 (2014-01-15)
The Wnt gene family consists of structurally related genes encoding secreted signaling molecules that have been implicated in many developmental processes, including regulation of cell fate and patterning during embryogenesis. Previously, we found that Wnt signaling is required for primitive
Afaf Sahraoui et al.
Cell transplantation, 23(10), 1199-1211 (2013-05-03)
Pretreatment culture before islet transplantation represents a window of opportunity to ameliorate the proinflammatory profile expressed by human β-cells in duress. Anakinra (IL-1 receptor antagonist) and tocilizumab (monoclonal IL-6 receptor antibody) are two known anti-inflammatory agents successfully used in the
Alessio Innocenti et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters, 15(3), 573-578 (2005-01-25)
A detailed inhibition study of five carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) isozymes with carboxylates including aliphatic (formate, acetate), dicarboxylic (oxalate, malonate), hydroxy/keto acids (l-lactate, l-malate, pyruvate), tricarboxylic (citrate), or aromatic (benzoate, tetrafluorobenzoate) representatives, some of which are important intermediates in
Nicholas J Lodge et al.
Nuclear medicine and biology, 41(6), 524-535 (2014-05-06)
A radioligand for measuring the density of corticotropin-releasing factor subtype-1 receptors (CRF1 receptors) in living animal and human brain with positron emission tomography (PET) would be a useful tool for neuropsychiatric investigations and the development of drugs intended to interact
Nrupa Borkar et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 89, 216-223 (2014-12-17)
Apomorphine, a subcutaneously administered drug for Parkinson's disease with short half-life requires frequent administration leading to patient non-compliance. This study aimed at synthesising and purifying lipophilic diesters of apomorphine, and investigating their in vitro degradation in biorelevant media before and
Stefan Schöneich et al.
Journal of neurophysiology, 113(1), 390-399 (2014-10-17)
Crickets carry wind-sensitive mechanoreceptors on their cerci, which, in response to the airflow produced by approaching predators, triggers escape reactions via ascending giant interneurons (GIs). Males also activate their cercal system by air currents generated due to the wing movements
Effect of oral care solutions in reducing ventilator-associated pneumonia: review of current evidence.
E Balamurugan et al.
The Nursing journal of India, 103(6), 282-284 (2013-08-09)
Andrea Hegedus et al.
Retrovirology, 11, 98-98 (2014-11-26)
HIV-1, like all viruses, is entirely dependent on the host cell for providing the metabolic resources for completion of the viral replication cycle and the production of virions. It is well established that HIV-1 replicates efficiently in activated CD4+ T
Xue Fu et al.
Toxicological sciences : an official journal of the Society of Toxicology, 139(2), 432-451 (2014-03-13)
Regulation of cellular copper (Cu) homeostasis involves Cu-transporting ATPases (Cu-ATPases), i.e., ATP7A and ATP7B. The question as to how these Cu-ATPases in brain barrier systems transport Cu, i.e., toward brain parenchyma, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), or blood, remained unanswered. This study
Kai Flachsbarth et al.
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 55(11), 7029-7039 (2014-10-02)
To analyze the neuroprotective effect of intravitreally grafted neural stem (NS) cells genetically modified to secrete ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) on intraorbitally lesioned retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in adult mice. Adherently cultivated NS cells were genetically modified to express a
Eugenio D Hottz et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 193(4), 1864-1872 (2014-07-13)
Dengue is the most prevalent human arbovirus disease in the world. Dengue infection has a large spectrum of clinical manifestations, from self-limited febrile illness to severe syndromes accompanied by bleeding and shock. Thrombocytopenia and vascular leak with altered cytokine profiles
Claire O Malécot et al.
Journal of cardiovascular electrophysiology, 26(3), 311-319 (2014-10-28)
Ectopic activity arising from pulmonary veins (PV) plays a prominent role in the onset of atrial fibrillation in humans. Rat PV cardiac muscle cells have a lower resting membrane potential (RMP) than the left atria (LA) and presents in the
Feng Zhao et al.
PloS one, 9(8), e104191-e104191 (2014-08-12)
The discovery of new drugs requires the development of improved animal models for drug testing. The Chinese tree shrew is considered to be a realistic candidate model. To assess the potential of the Chinese tree shrew for pharmacological testing, we
Arin Marchesi et al.
The Journal of physiology, 593(4), 857-870 (2014-12-07)
Desensitization and inactivation provide a form of short-term memory controlling the firing patterns of excitable cells and adaptation in sensory systems. Unlike many of their cousin K(+) channels, cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) channels are thought not to desensitize or inactivate. Here
Toru Taguchi et al.
Pain, 156(3), 415-427 (2015-01-20)
Chronic widespread pain is a serious medical problem, yet the mechanisms of nociception and pain are poorly understood. Using a reserpine-induced pain model originally reported as a putative animal model for fibromyalgia, this study was undertaken to examine the following:
Moumita Ghosh et al.
PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 8(12), e3367-e3367 (2014-12-05)
The protozoan parasite Leishmania donovani (LD) reduces cellular cholesterol of the host possibly for its own benefit. Cholesterol is mostly present in the specialized compartment of the plasma membrane. The relation between mobility of membrane proteins and cholesterol depletion from
Zhaoyu Lu et al.
Renal failure, 33(6), 600-608 (2011-06-15)
To investigate whether the 5/6 nephrectomized (5/6Nx) rats' 12-week serum could lead to tubular epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and its molecular mechanism, so as to probe the potential stimulation from circulation in chronic progressive kidney disease. A total of 24 Sprague
Ariel A Bazzini et al.
The EMBO journal, 33(9), 981-993 (2014-04-08)
Identification of the coding elements in the genome is a fundamental step to understanding the building blocks of living systems. Short peptides (< 100 aa) have emerged as important regulators of development and physiology, but their identification has been limited
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