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Pablo J Giraudi et al.
Experimental and molecular pathology, 98(1), 85-92 (2014-12-24)
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is characterized by an initial accumulation of triglycerides that can progress to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, which can ultimately evolve to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatic stellate cells play a key role in liver fibrogenesis by an increased
Jinmi Lee et al.
Metabolism: clinical and experimental, 63(8), 1041-1048 (2014-06-17)
Hepatokine fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 21 takes part in the regulation of lipid metabolism in the liver and adipose tissue. We investigated whether exendin-4 regulates the expression of FGF21 in the liver, and whether the effects of exendin-4 on the
Masanori Nakakuki et al.
Atherosclerosis, 227(2), 289-296 (2013-02-26)
Chronic inflammation caused by macrophages may be associated with progression of arteriosclerosis or obesity, both risk factors for cardiovascular events. In the Japan EPA Lipid Intervention Study (JELIS), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), an n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid, was found to reduce
S Urien et al.
The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 248(2), 781-785 (1989-02-01)
The effect of plasma protein binding of warfarin on its transfer into the brain and salivary gland was investigated using alpha-1-acid glycoprotein and human serum albumin (HSA) in combination or not with palmitic acid. The tissue extraction of [14C] warfarin
M C Simon et al.
Clinical and experimental immunology, 172(3), 383-393 (2013-04-23)
Fatty acids, uric acid and glucose are thought to contribute to subclinical inflammation associated with diabetes mellitus. We tested whether co-incubation of free fatty acids and uric acid or glucose influences the secretion of immune mediators from stimulated human whole
Xiaoxue Li et al.
Immunity, 52(2), 374-387 (2020-02-23)
Animals require complex metabolic and physiological adaptations to maintain the function of vital organs in response to environmental stresses and infection. Here, we found that infection or injury in Drosophila induced the excretion of hemolymphatic lipids by Malpighian tubules, the
Praveen Kumar Gaur et al.
Artificial cells, nanomedicine, and biotechnology, 42(5), 296-301 (2013-07-20)
Lipid vesicles are an important drug carrier which can serve for controlled delivery of drugs; however, these vesicles are quite unstable at ambient temperature and require stringent storage condition. Present work was done to develop a stable vesicular system for
Janos Kerner et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 289(14), 10223-10234 (2014-02-22)
Rat hearts were perfused with [1,2,3,4-(13)C4]palmitic acid (M+4), and the isotopic patterns of myocardial acylcarnitines and acyl-CoAs were analyzed using ultra-HPLC-MS/MS. The 91.2% (13)C enrichment in palmitoylcarnitine shows that little endogenous (M+0) palmitate contributed to its formation. The presence of
Marta Zamarbide et al.
Hippocampus, 24(7), 733-739 (2014-02-20)
GPR40, the free fatty acid receptor 1, is expressed strongly in the primate pancreas and brain. While the role of pancreatic GPR40 in glucose homeostasis has been extensively studied, the absence of this G-protein-coupled receptor from the brain of rodents
G Hoffmann et al.
Clinical chemistry, 35(4), 587-595 (1989-04-01)
This new method for qualitative and quantitative determination of organic acids, aldehydes, and ketones in biological samples is effective for use with urine, plasma, and amniotic fluid, and it requires no deproteinization. Isolation by batch-wise liquid partition chromatography on silicic
Matthias Onghena et al.
Food additives & contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment, 31(12), 2090-2102 (2014-11-20)
In 2011, the European Union prohibited the production of polycarbonate (PC) baby bottles due to the toxic effects of the PC monomer bisphenol-A. Therefore, baby bottles made of alternative materials, e.g. polypropylene (PP) or polyethersulphone (PES), are currently marketed. The
Lionel Faure et al.
Phytochemistry, 110, 58-71 (2014-12-11)
Alkamides and N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) are bioactive, amide-linked lipids that influence plant development. Alkamides are restricted to several families of higher plants and some fungi, whereas NAEs are widespread signaling molecules in both plants and animals. Fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH)
Elisabeth M Storck et al.
Biochemical Society transactions, 41(1), 56-61 (2013-01-30)
The study of post-translational modifications such as protein lipidation is a non-trivial challenge of the post-genomic era. In recent years the field of chemical proteomics has greatly advanced our ability to identify and quantify protein lipidation. In the present review
Mohamad Navab et al.
Journal of lipid research, 56(4), 871-887 (2015-02-04)
We previously reported that i) a Western diet increased levels of unsaturated lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) in small intestine and plasma of LDL receptor null (LDLR(-/-)) mice, and ii) supplementing standard mouse chow with unsaturated (but not saturated) LPA produced dyslipidemia
Oswald Quehenberger et al.
Journal of lipid research, 51(11), 3299-3305 (2010-07-31)
The focus of the present study was to define the human plasma lipidome and to establish novel analytical methodologies to quantify the large spectrum of plasma lipids. Partial lipid analysis is now a regular part of every patient's blood test
María Isabel Giacopini de Z et al.
Investigacion clinica, 54(2), 171-179 (2013-08-21)
We analyzed in 31 subjects, regular guests of the University food service of the Central University of Venezuela (UCVFS), in Caracas, the effects of replacing sunflower oil, commonly used in the preparation of meals, by a mix of sunflower oil
Uncoupling AMPK from autophagy: a foe that hinders the beneficial effects of metformin treatment on metabolic syndrome-associated atherosclerosis? Focus on "glucose and palmitate uncouple AMPK from autophagy in human aortic endothelial cells".
Wen-Xing Ding
American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 308(3), C246-C248 (2014-12-17)
F Guneral et al.
Clinical chemistry, 40(6), 862-866 (1994-06-01)
Organic acid concentrations were quantified by gas chromatography and the individual acids identified by mass spectrometry in urine specimens from a healthy Turkish pediatric population of ages 2 days to 16 years, subdivided into five age groups. We quantified 69
Impact of myristic acid versus palmitic acid on serum lipid and lipoprotein levels in healthy women and men
Zock LP, et al.
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, 14(4), 567-575 (1994)
Zora Palac et al.
Journal of liposome research, 24(4), 313-322 (2014-03-22)
Penetration potential of vesicles destined for trans(dermal) administration remains to be of great interests both in respect to drug therapy and cosmetic treatment. This study investigated the applicability of the phospholipid vesicle-based permeation assay (PVPA) as a novel in vitro
Hilde Aardema et al.
Journal of dairy science, 98(4), 2322-2336 (2015-02-05)
The fertility of high-yielding dairy cows has declined during the last 3 decades, in association with a more profound negative energy balance (NEB) during the early weeks postpartum. One feature of this NEB is a marked elevation in circulating free
Ryan G Snodgrass et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 191(8), 4337-4347 (2013-09-18)
Many studies have shown that TLR4- and TLR2-deficient mice are protected from high-fat diet-induced inflammation and insulin resistance, suggesting that saturated fatty acids derived from the high-fat diet activate TLR-mediated proinflammatory signaling pathways and induce insulin resistance. However, evidence that
Jinmi Lee et al.
Cell stress & chaperones, 19(5), 649-656 (2014-01-22)
Accumulation of excess hepatic lipids contributes to insulin resistance and liver disease associated with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Exendin-4 is an agonist of the glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor and plays a role in improving insulin resistance and liver disease by
Sang Youn Hwang et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 16(2), 3323-3334 (2015-02-06)
Chronic intermittent hypoxia, a characteristic of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), is associated with the progression of simple hepatic steatosis to necroinflammatory hepatitis. We determined whether inhibition of a hypoxia-induced signaling pathway could attenuate hypoxia-exacerbated lipoapoptosis in human hepatocytes. The human
Cédric Montigny et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 289(49), 33850-33861 (2014-10-11)
Sarcolipin (SLN) is a regulatory peptide present in sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) from skeletal muscle of animals. We find that native rabbit SLN is modified by a fatty acid anchor on Cys-9 with a palmitic acid in about 60% and, surprisingly
Young-Eun Cho et al.
American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 305(10), C1033-C1040 (2013-08-30)
Endothelial cell (EC) dysfunction is implicated in cardiovascular diseases, including diabetes. The decrease in nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability is the hallmark of endothelial dysfunction, and it leads to attenuated vascular relaxation and atherosclerosis followed by a decrease in blood flow.
Yunxia Lu et al.
Life sciences, 92(24-26), 1165-1173 (2013-05-18)
Obesity is associated with hypertriglyceridemia and elevated circulating free fatty acids (FFA), resulting in endothelial dysfunction. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been implicated in many of these processes. To determine if ER stress participates in palmitate-induced apoptosis, we investigated the
Tanit L Gabriel et al.
Diabetes, 63(10), 3310-3323 (2014-05-03)
In obesity, adipose tissue (AT) contains crown-like structures where macrophages surround nonviable adipocytes. To understand how AT macrophages (ATMs) contribute to development of insulin resistance, we examined their character in more detail. In silico analysis of F2 mouse populations revealed
Soo Jin Yang et al.
PloS one, 9(8), e105456-e105456 (2014-08-19)
Sirtuin (Sirt), a sensor of the cell metabolic state, regulates glucose and lipid metabolism. The aim of this study was to address whether rosiglitazone (RGZ) alters hepatic Sirt1 and whether Sirt1 and/or Sirt6 have a regulatory role in the protective
Chuanzheng Sun et al.
International journal of molecular medicine, 35(3), 847-853 (2015-01-22)
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has emerged as a public health issue with a prevalence of 15-30% in Western populations and 6-25% in Asian populations. Certain studies have revealed the alteration of microRNA (miRNA or miR) profiles in NAFLD and
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