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Filipe M de Melo et al.
Immunology and cell biology, 93(1), 86-98 (2014-09-17)
Current therapies against malignant melanoma generally fail to increase survival in most patients, and immunotherapy is a promising approach as it could reduce the dosage of toxic therapeutic drugs. In the present study, we show that an immunotherapeutic approach based
Zhaoyu Lu et al.
Renal failure, 33(6), 600-608 (2011-06-15)
To investigate whether the 5/6 nephrectomized (5/6Nx) rats' 12-week serum could lead to tubular epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and its molecular mechanism, so as to probe the potential stimulation from circulation in chronic progressive kidney disease. A total of 24 Sprague
Narayanan K Narayanan et al.
Cancer medicine, 4(11), 1767-1780 (2015-09-27)
Melinjo (Gnetum gnemon L.) seed extract (MSE) and its active ingredient gnetin C (GC), a resveratrol dimer, have been shown to possess a broad spectrum of pharmacological activities. In this study, we investigated the antitumor activity of MSE and GC
Andrea Hegedus et al.
Retrovirology, 11, 98-98 (2014-11-26)
HIV-1, like all viruses, is entirely dependent on the host cell for providing the metabolic resources for completion of the viral replication cycle and the production of virions. It is well established that HIV-1 replicates efficiently in activated CD4+ T
Kai Flachsbarth et al.
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 55(11), 7029-7039 (2014-10-02)
To analyze the neuroprotective effect of intravitreally grafted neural stem (NS) cells genetically modified to secrete ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) on intraorbitally lesioned retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in adult mice. Adherently cultivated NS cells were genetically modified to express a
Eugenio D Hottz et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 193(4), 1864-1872 (2014-07-13)
Dengue is the most prevalent human arbovirus disease in the world. Dengue infection has a large spectrum of clinical manifestations, from self-limited febrile illness to severe syndromes accompanied by bleeding and shock. Thrombocytopenia and vascular leak with altered cytokine profiles
Claire O Malécot et al.
Journal of cardiovascular electrophysiology, 26(3), 311-319 (2014-10-28)
Ectopic activity arising from pulmonary veins (PV) plays a prominent role in the onset of atrial fibrillation in humans. Rat PV cardiac muscle cells have a lower resting membrane potential (RMP) than the left atria (LA) and presents in the
Feng Zhao et al.
PloS one, 9(8), e104191-e104191 (2014-08-12)
The discovery of new drugs requires the development of improved animal models for drug testing. The Chinese tree shrew is considered to be a realistic candidate model. To assess the potential of the Chinese tree shrew for pharmacological testing, we
Vanessa Neuhaus et al.
Vaccine, 32(26), 3216-3222 (2014-04-16)
Annually influenza virus infections are responsible for hospitalization and mortality, especially in high risk groups. Constant antigenic changes in seasonal influenza viruses resulted from antigenic shifts and antigenic drifts, enable emerging of novel virus subtypes that may reduce current vaccine
K R Adams et al.
Meat science, 110, 1-8 (2015-07-06)
The objectives of this study were to determine the dissolved CO2 and O2 concentrations in the purge of vacuum-packaged pork chops over a 60 day storage period, and to elucidate the relationship of dissolved CO2 and O2 to the microbial
Stefan Schöneich et al.
Journal of neurophysiology, 113(1), 390-399 (2014-10-17)
Crickets carry wind-sensitive mechanoreceptors on their cerci, which, in response to the airflow produced by approaching predators, triggers escape reactions via ascending giant interneurons (GIs). Males also activate their cercal system by air currents generated due to the wing movements
Krishna Gokul et al.
Neurochemical research, 39(7), 1382-1394 (2014-05-17)
Although tomato seeds (an industrial by-product) are known to contain several bioactive compounds, studies describing their health effects are limited. Previously, we evidenced that aqueous extract of tomato seeds (TSE) markedly attenuated rotenone (ROT)-induced oxidative stress and neurotoxicity in Drosophila
Prasuna Paluru et al.
Stem cell research, 12(2), 441-451 (2014-01-15)
The Wnt gene family consists of structurally related genes encoding secreted signaling molecules that have been implicated in many developmental processes, including regulation of cell fate and patterning during embryogenesis. Previously, we found that Wnt signaling is required for primitive
Kirsten Buschmann et al.
BMC immunology, 15, 53-53 (2014-11-28)
Insufficient leukocyte recruitment may be one reason for the high incidence of life-threatening infections in preterm infants. Since the receptor of advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is a known leukocyte adhesion molecule and highly expressed during early development, we asked
Sophia Zoungas et al.
Annals of internal medicine, 151(9), 631-638 (2009-11-04)
Intravenous sodium bicarbonate has been proposed to reduce the risk for contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). To determine the effect of sodium bicarbonate on the risk for CIN. MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from 1950 to
Marilis Rodriguez et al.
PloS one, 9(9), e107727-e107727 (2014-09-17)
Human babesiosis is caused by one of several babesial species transmitted by ixodid ticks that have distinct geographical distributions based on the presence of competent animal hosts. The pathology of babesiosis, like malaria, is a consequence of the parasitaemia which
Lucile E Wrenshall et al.
PloS one, 9(7), e102191-e102191 (2014-07-16)
Interleukin-2 (IL-2) is a multi-faceted cytokine, known for promoting proliferation, survival, and cell death depending on the cell type and state. For example, IL-2 facilitates cell death only in activated T cells when antigen and IL-2 are abundant. The availability
Janani Swaminathan et al.
Journal of liposome research, 24(4), 297-303 (2014-04-09)
The intent of this work was to assess the impact of lyophilization on the encapsulation of salmon calcitonin (sCT) into liposomes. Four different liposomal formulations were investigated, i.e. DPPC:Chol:DSPE-PEG(2000) (75:20:5 and 65:30:5) and DPPC:Chol (80:20 and 66.7:33.3). Lipid films were
John J Reho et al.
American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, 309(9), H1468-H1478 (2015-09-16)
We examined the effect of stress in the first 2 wk of life induced by brief periods of daily maternal separation on developmental programming of rat small resistance mesenteric arteries (MAs). In MAs of littermate controls, mRNAs encoding mediators of
Renata Bocian et al.
Hippocampus, 25(11), 1393-1406 (2015-03-31)
Previous in vivo data suggested that orexin neuropeptides (ORX(A) and ORX(B) ) synthetized in hypothalamic neurons were involved in the mechanism of generation of the hippocampal formation theta rhythm. Surprisingly, this suggestion has never been directly proved by experiments using
C Denoyelle et al.
Cell death & disease, 5, e1445-e1445 (2014-10-10)
We sought to identify miRNAs that can efficiently induce apoptosis in ovarian cancer cells by overcoming BCL-X(L) and MCL1 anti-apoptotic activity, using combined computational and experimental approaches. We found that miR-491-5p efficiently induces apoptosis in IGROV1-R10 cells by directly inhibiting
Geethu Emily Thomas et al.
International journal of oncology, 46(1), 133-146 (2014-10-14)
Microtubule plus‑end‑binding protein (+TIP) EB1 has been shown to be upregulated in breast cancer cells and promote breast tumor growth in vivo. However, its effect on the cellular actions of microtubule‑targeted drugs in breast cancer cells has remained poorly understood. By using cellular
Ina Hermann et al.
American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology, 52(1), 14-24 (2014-06-12)
Treatment of primary or immortalized human airway epithelial cells (16HBE14o-, S9) or alveolar cancer cells (A549) with recombinant hemolysin A (rHla), a major virulence-associated factor of Staphylococcus aureus, induces alterations in cell shape and formation of paracellular gaps in the
Jonathan Hewitt et al.
The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, 6(6), CD009204-CD009204 (2012-06-15)
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common, serious, but potentially treatable condition. Because AKI is often associated with acidosis, it has become common practice to recommend administration of sodium bicarbonate to correct acid imbalance. To assess the benefits and harms
Mehdi Hajmohammadi et al.
Drug design, development and therapy, 9, 217-239 (2015-01-08)
In recent years, many experiments have been conducted for the production and evaluation of anticancer glycoconjugated vaccines in developed countries and many achievements have been accomplished with Globo H derivatives. In the current experiment, a new chemically designed triplicate version
Daman Kumari et al.
Human mutation, 35(12), 1485-1494 (2014-09-17)
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most frequent cause of inherited intellectual disability and autism. It is caused by the absence of the fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene product, fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP), an RNA-binding protein
Byung Hee Han et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(8), E881-E890 (2015-02-13)
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is characterized by deposition of amyloid β peptide (Aβ) within walls of cerebral arteries and is an important cause of intracerebral hemorrhage, ischemic stroke, and cognitive dysfunction in elderly patients with and without Alzheimer's Disease (AD).
Ying Li et al.
PloS one, 10(1), e112281-e112281 (2015-01-07)
Objective: Although serum C-peptide has increasingly received attention as a new and important risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), the potential mechanisms remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the association between serum C-peptide as a risk factor for CVD
Wenling Wang et al.
Virology, 468-470, 265-273 (2014-09-13)
The highly conserved internal nucleoprotein (NP) is a promising antigen to develop a universal influenza A virus vaccine. In this study, mice were injected intramuscularly with Escherichia coli-derived NP protein alone or in combination with adjuvant alum (Al(OH)3), CpG or
Jittima Amie Luckanagul et al.
Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A, 103(3), 887-895 (2014-05-16)
Viruses are no longer recognized purely for being ubiquitous pathogens, but have served as building blocks for material chemistry and nanotechnology. Thousands of coat protein subunits of a viral particle can be modified chemically and/or genetically. We have previously shown
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