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Fernando Ruiz-Perez et al.
Journal of bacteriology, 191(21), 6571-6583 (2009-09-08)
The serine protease autotransporters of Enterobacteriaceae (SPATEs) represent a large family of virulence factors. The prevailing model for autotransporter secretion comprises entry to the periplasm via the Sec apparatus, followed by an obscure series of steps in which the C
[Trichloroacetic acid in urine].
H Igisu et al.
Nihon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine, 57 Suppl, 451-453 (1999-09-30)
Anastasia Antonopoulou et al.
Journal of chemotherapy (Florence, Italy), 27(2), 80-86 (2014-02-20)
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) producing Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) is highly virulent. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of tigecycline versus vancomycin in experimental thigh abscess by a PVL-producing MRSA isolate. One hundred and ninety-six Wistar rats were divided into
Błażej Poźniak et al.
PloS one, 10(4), e0123526-e0123526 (2015-04-22)
Salicylates were the first non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to be used in any species and are still widely used in humans and livestock. However, the data on their pharmacokinetics in animals is limited, especially after repeated administration. Evidence exist that
Midori Suenaga et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1854(8), 1010-1018 (2015-05-10)
Impaired clearance of soluble Aβ (amyloid-β) promotes Aβ aggregation in brains with Alzheimer's disease (AD), while apolipoprotein-E (ApoE) in microglia mediates Aβ clearance. We studied the protease responsible for ApoE(4) degradation in human peripheral monocyte extracts, which are from the
Leila Bagheri et al.
Journal of microencapsulation, 31(7), 636-643 (2014-04-29)
Whey proteins were inter-connected either by the enzyme transglutaminase or citric acid and then desolvated with ethanol to generate particles. Both samples comprised of sub-micron (>300 nm) and nano-scaled (~100 nm) particles based on the hydrodynamic size measurements. Enzyme-induced cross-linking
Miruna S Stan et al.
Chemico-biological interactions, 220, 102-115 (2014-07-06)
Si/SiO2 quantum dots (QDs) are novel particles with unique physicochemical properties that promote them as potential candidates for biomedical applications. Although their interaction with human cells has been poorly investigated, oxidative stress appears to be the main factor involved in
John O Suberu et al.
ChemMedChem, 9(12), 2791-2797 (2014-09-12)
In parts of Africa and Asia, self-medication with a hot water infusion of Artemisia annua (Artemisia tea) is a common practice for a number of ailments including malaria and cancer. In our earlier work, such an extract showed better potency
Ahmed E Abdel Moneim
Metabolic brain disease, 30(4), 935-942 (2015-01-21)
The central nervous system is one of the most vulnerable organs affected by mercury toxicity. Both acute and chronic exposure to mercury is also known to cause a variety of neurological or psychiatric disorders. Here, the neuroprotective effect of berberine
Aubérie Parent et al.
Nature communications, 6, 5686-5686 (2015-01-20)
Friedreich's ataxia is a severe neurodegenerative disease caused by the decreased expression of frataxin, a mitochondrial protein that stimulates iron-sulfur (Fe-S) cluster biogenesis. In mammals, the primary steps of Fe-S cluster assembly are performed by the NFS1-ISD11-ISCU complex via the
Samina Akhter et al.
BioMed research international, 2015, 356729-356729 (2015-07-30)
This research investigated the protective role of Leea macrophylla extract on CCl4-induced acute liver injury in rats. Different fractions of Leea macrophylla (Roxb.) crude extract were subjected to analysis for antioxidative effects. Rats were randomly divided into four groups as
Mohammed M Safhi et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 156, 102-106 (2014-08-26)
Cathinone hydrochloride is an active principle of the khat plant (Catha edulis) that produces pleasurable and stimulating effects in khat chewers. To the best of our knowledge no data of cathinone on oxidative stress in limbic areas of mice is
Erin C Denny et al.
PloS one, 10(6), e0132267-e0132267 (2015-06-30)
Trastuzumab has led to improved survival rates of HER2+ breast cancer patients. However, acquired resistance remains a problem in the majority of cases. t-Darpp is over-expressed in trastuzumab-resistant cell lines and its over-expression is sufficient for conferring the resistance phenotype.
Bert Wouters et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1370, 63-69 (2014-12-03)
The gradient-performance limits of capillary ion chromatography have been assessed at maximum system pressure (34.5 MPa) using capillary columns packed with 4.1 μm macroporous anion-exchange particles coated with 65 nm positively-charged nanobeads. In analogy to the van-Deemter curve, the gradient
Shu Lin et al.
Methods in enzymology, 512, 3-28 (2012-08-23)
Histone variants and posttranslational modifications (PTMs) are essential for epigenetic regulation of transcriptional expression. Single and/or combinatorial PTMs of histones play important roles in development and disease formation. Mass spectrometry (MS) has been a powerful tool to study histone variants
Monique R Arts et al.
PloS one, 9(6), e100035-e100035 (2014-06-14)
It has been suggested that autoantibodies in systemic sclerosis (SSc) may induce the differentiation of cultured fibroblasts into myofibroblasts through platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) activation. The present study aims to characterize the effects of SSc IgG on vascular smooth
Ralf P Friedrich et al.
International journal of nanomedicine, 10, 4185-4201 (2015-07-15)
Due to their special physicochemical properties, iron nanoparticles offer new promising possibilities for biomedical applications. For bench to bedside translation of super-paramagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs), safety issues have to be comprehensively clarified. To understand concentration-dependent nanoparticle-mediated toxicity, the exact
Eli J Cohen et al.
Journal of bacteriology, 196(13), 2387-2395 (2014-04-22)
In Salmonella, the rod substructure of the flagellum is a periplasmic driveshaft that couples the torque generated by the basal body motor to the extracellular hook and filament. The rod subunits self-assemble, spanning the periplasmic space and stopping at the
Alberto Massarotti et al.
ChemMedChem, 9(11), 2497-2508 (2014-08-01)
Over the last decade, 1,2,3-triazoles have received increasing attention in medicinal chemistry thanks to the discovery of the highly useful and widely applicable 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction between azides and alkynes (click chemistry) catalyzed by copper salts and ruthenium complexes. After
Dongfeng Wei et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 125, 161-168 (2015-04-11)
Beta-amyloid (Aβ) peptide, the hallmark of Alzheimer's disease, invokes oxidative damage to neurons and eventually leads to neuronal death. Selenylation modification of polysaccharide obtained from Radix hedysari (RHP) was studied to access antioxidant activities and neuroprotective effects against oxidative stress
Mohammad Waseem et al.
Archives of medical research, 45(6), 462-468 (2014-08-01)
Cisplatin (CP) is regarded as a major anticancer drug against a wide spectrum of leukemia and other malignancies. The mode of action of CP on cancer cells is attributed to its property of releasing free radicals which, at the same
A S Kolyva et al.
Nutrition & diabetes, 4, e137-e137 (2014-09-23)
Sepsis is one of the most important causes of mortality in the developed world, where almost two-thirds of the population suffer from obesity. Therefore, the coexistence of both conditions has become frequent in clinical practice and a growing number of
Partha Pratim Roy et al.
Bioorganic chemistry, 56, 1-7 (2014-06-03)
The objective of the present work was tantamount to explain the antiperoxidative potential and structural requirements of twenty-eight structurally diverse classes of antioxidants on docetaxel-induced lipid peroxidation. Both experimental and computational approaches were taken to the work. The experiments were
Manuela Curcio et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 93, 281-292 (2015-04-29)
The aim of this work was to prepare polysaccharide-based nanoparticles (NPs) sensitive to glutathione (GSH), and to elucidate the effect of the concentration of glucose used as cryoprotectant during freeze-drying on the GSH-responsiveness. NPs were obtained via ionic interaction between
V Arjunan et al.
Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy, 97, 625-638 (2012-08-04)
The structural investigations of the molecular complex of 2-methyl-4-nitroaniline with trichloroacetic acid, namely 2-methyl-4-nitroanilinium trichloroacetate trichloroacetic acid (C(11)H(10)Cl(6)N(2)O(6)) have been performed by means of single crystal and powder X-ray diffraction method. The complex was formed with accompanying proton transfer from
Valentina Folgiero et al.
Oncotarget, 5(8), 2052-2064 (2014-06-07)
Microenvironmental factors contribute to the immune dysfunction characterizing acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) is an interferon (IFN)-γ-inducible enzyme that degrades tryptophan into kynurenine, which, in turn, inhibits effector T cells and promotes regulatory T-cell (Treg) differentiation. It
Tivadar Orban et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 29(11), 4579-4588 (2015-07-19)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a neurodegenerative disease that causes adult-onset blindness. There are 2 forms of this progressive disease: wet and dry. Currently there is no cure for AMD, but several treatment options have started to emerge making early
Abbie Chapman Johnson et al.
PloS one, 9(11), e113670-e113670 (2014-11-20)
Eclampsia, defined as unexplained seizure in a woman with preeclampsia, is a life-threatening complication of pregnancy with unclear etiology. Magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) is the leading eclamptic seizure prophylactic, yet its mechanism of action remains unclear. Here, we hypothesized severe preeclampsia
Kyung-Min Lim et al.
British journal of pharmacology, 171(18), 4300-4310 (2014-06-10)
Dysregulated tonic tension and calcium sensitization in blood vessels has frequently been observed in many cardiovascular diseases. Despite a huge therapeutic potential, little is known about natural products targeting tonic tension and calcium sensitization. We screened natural products for inhibitory
Alaa E A Moubasher et al.
Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.], 40(8), 874-882 (2014-07-30)
Melasma is a common disorder of facial hyperpigmentation that is often resistant to treatment. To evaluate the efficacy of trichloroacetic acid (TCA) peeling in comparison with double frequency Q-switched neodymium-doped:yttrium aluminum garnet (QS-Nd:YAG) laser in the treatment of melasma. Sixty-five
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