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Shewit Kalayou et al.
Cell biology and toxicology, 30(6), 361-376 (2014-11-25)
The mycotoxin alternariol (AOH) is an important contaminant of fruits and cereal products. The current study sought to address the effect of a non-toxic AOH concentration on the proteome of the steroidogenic H295R cell model. Quantitative proteomics based on stable...
Naoki Aizawa et al.
Neurourology and urodynamics, 34(4), 368-374 (2014-02-18)
We measured single-unit mechanosensitive afferent activities (SAAs) during reflexic, rhythmic bladder contractions (RBCs), and examined whether L-arginine, an NO substrate, and mirabegron, a β3-adrenoceptor agonist, and oxybutynin, an antimuscarinic agent, can affect the SAAs in such condition. Twenty-nine female Sprague-Dawley...
Anil Kumar et al.
The Journal of surgical research, 188(1), 268-279 (2014-02-04)
Traumatic head injury is turning out to be a major cause of disability and death. Nitric oxide (NO), an intercellular messenger plays a crucial role in the pathophysiology of several neurologic disorders. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate...
Kwang-Min Choi et al.
Fish & shellfish immunology, 45(2), 277-285 (2015-04-29)
Lectins are carbohydrate-binding proteins that play important roles in the recognition and elimination of pathogens via the innate immune system. Pentraxins (PTX) are humoral lectins, which are multifunctional proteins in vertebrates. Pentraxins can be divided into two groups based on...
Isabelle Dunand-Sauthier et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 193(4), 1690-1700 (2014-07-11)
Arginine, a semiessential amino acid implicated in diverse cellular processes, is a substrate for two arginases-Arg1 and Arg2-having different expression patterns and functions. Although appropriately regulated Arg1 expression is critical for immune responses, this has not been documented for Arg2....
Seo Yun Kim et al.
Biotechnology and bioengineering, 112(2), 416-421 (2014-08-29)
L-ornithine is a non-essential amino acid for various industrial applications in food industry. In this study, Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 13032 was metabolically engineered for the production of L-ornithine. First, the proB and argF genes were deleted to block the competitive...
Martin Alejandro Krasnapolski et al.
Journal of cancer research and clinical oncology, 141(10), 1727-1738 (2015-02-18)
LM38 murine mammary adenocarcinoma model is formed by LM38-LP (myoepithelial and luminal), LM38-HP (luminal) and LM38-D2 (myoepithelial) cell lines. In a previous work, we had shown that LM38-HP and LM38-D2 cell lines are less malignant than the bicellular LM38-LP cell...
L-Arginine modulates neonatal lymphocyte proliferation through an interleukin-2 independent pathway.
Yu HR, Kuo HC, Huang LT, et al.
Immunology, 143(2), 184-192 (2014)
Inger Jorid Berg et al.
The Journal of rheumatology, 42(4), 645-653 (2015-02-03)
To compare the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and population controls, and to examine the associations between disease activity and CVD risk. A cross-sectional study was done of patients with AS grouped according to Ankylosing Spondylitis...
Vessela Vitcheva et al.
Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity, 2015, 157876-157876 (2015-11-18)
One of the mechanisms involved in the development of addiction, as well as in brain toxicity, is the oxidative stress. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of 7-nitroindazole (7-NI), a selective inhibitor of neuronal nitric...
A Martinsen et al.
Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology, 466(7), 1377-1389 (2013-10-29)
The Ca(2+)-dependent kinase myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) is the activator of smooth muscle contraction. In addition, it has been reported to be involved in Ca(2+) channel regulation in cultured cells, and we previously showed that the MLCK inhibitor ML-7...
Kevin S Heffernan et al.
Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology and therapeutics, 15(1), 17-23 (2010-01-08)
With advancing age, peripheral conduit and resistance arteries lose the ability to effectively dilate owing to endothelial dysfunction. This vascular senescence contributes to increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) with aging. L-arginine plays a role in numerous physiological processes including...
Sabina Leanti La Rosa et al.
Infection and immunity, 83(5), 2156-2167 (2015-03-18)
In the present study, the commensal and pathogenic host-microbe interaction of Enterococcus faecalis was explored using a Caenorhabditis elegans model system. The virulence of 28 E. faecalis isolates representing 24 multilocus sequence types (MLSTs), including human commensal and clinical isolates...
Leila Moezi et al.
Pharmacology, 95(5-6), 264-270 (2015-05-30)
Almost all antipsychotics have been associated with a risk of epileptic seizure provocation. Aripiprazole is a novel atypical antipsychotic. The risk of seizures with aripiprazole is reported to be the lowest among atypical agents. In this study, we investigated the...
Maritta Küspert et al.
RNA (New York, N.Y.), 21(7), 1294-1305 (2015-05-24)
mRNAs are key molecules in gene expression and subject to diverse regulatory events. Regulation is accomplished by distinct sets of trans-acting factors that interact with mRNAs and form defined mRNA-protein complexes (mRNPs). The resulting "mRNP code" determines the fate of...
Sean Ekins et al.
Drug metabolism and disposition: the biological fate of chemicals, 38(12), 2302-2308 (2010-09-17)
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is one of the most important reasons for drug development failure at both preapproval and postapproval stages. There has been increased interest in developing predictive in vivo, in vitro, and in silico models to identify compounds...
Amelia Barilli et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1842(9), 1364-1371 (2014-05-06)
Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune enteropathy triggered in susceptible individuals by the ingestion of gliadin-containing grains. Recent studies have demonstrated that macrophages play a key role in the pathogenesis of CD through the release of inflammatory mediators such as...
Carina T Ribeiro et al.
The Journal of urology, 191(5 Suppl), 1578-1584 (2014-04-01)
We assessed reproductive and testicular function in adult rats after testicular torsion created before, during and after puberty, and with vs without resveratrol or arginine treatment. Age matched rats were divided into groups, including simulated surgery without testicular torsion, 720-degree...
Daniela Melisi et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 49(16), 4826-4833 (2006-08-04)
Nitric oxide (NO) is critical for the normal physiological regulation of the nervous system and other tissues. L-Arginine, but not D-arginine, is the natural substrate for nitric oxide synthase (NOS), for it is enzymatically converted to NO and L-citrulline. However...
C Derek Ma et al.
Nature, 517(7534), 347-350 (2015-01-17)
The structure of water near non-polar molecular fragments or surfaces mediates the hydrophobic interactions that underlie a broad range of interfacial, colloidal and biophysical phenomena. Substantial progress over the past decade has improved our understanding of hydrophobic interactions in simple...
Shan Lu et al.
Molecular pharmaceutics, 12(2), 621-629 (2015-01-16)
In this study, we formulated polyplexes with different compositions for codelivery of DNA and small-interfering RNA (siRNA). Since DNA and siRNA have distinctive and complementary morphological characteristics (DNA is long and winding and siRNA is short and rigid), we hypothesized...
Esra Koklamaz et al.
Journal of the science of food and agriculture, 94(10), 2002-2008 (2013-12-07)
In conventional manufacturing of potato chips, achieving an extremely low moisture content (2% by weight) in the final product necessitates prolonged exposure of potato slices to high oil temperatures. This promotes acrylamide formation and causes an exponential increase in acrylamide...
Renata P Assis et al.
BMC nephrology, 16, 50-50 (2015-04-18)
In view of the prevalence of oxidative stress in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, the loss of low-molecular-weight biomolecules by hemodialysis and the antioxidant potential of some uremic solutes that accumulate in CKD, we used in vitro model systems to...
Pratima Tripathi et al.
Indian journal of biochemistry & biophysics, 50(2), 99-104 (2013-06-01)
Increased production of oxygen free radicals and decreased oxidant capacity occur in coronary artery diseases (CAD) This pro-oxidant shift in intracellular redox state may induce cell death by either direct cell membrane damage by lipic peroxidation or apoptosis through activation...
István Télessy
Orvosi hetilap, 155(51), 2021-2027 (2014-12-17)
Reviewing the literature of nutrition therapy one can conclude that during the last decade the pharmacological action of several nutrients has been demonstrated. However, research activity is still at the beginning and it could be verified in a restricted number...
Mizuki Watanabe et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 19(20), 5984-5988 (2011-09-16)
A series of optically active stereoisomers of 3,4-methanoarginine (1-4 and ent-1-ent-4) with trans/cis, D/L, and syn/anti stereochemical diversity, the side-chains of which were restricted in various special arrangements, was designed as biologically useful arginine mimetics. These conformationally restricted arginine analogues...
Matthew J Kan et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(15), 5969-5982 (2015-04-17)
The pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a critical unsolved question; and although recent studies have demonstrated a strong association between altered brain immune responses and disease progression, the mechanistic cause of neuronal dysfunction and death is unknown. We have...
Jiang-Rui Zhou et al.
Journal of neuroimmunology, 260(1-2), 55-59 (2013-04-30)
Despite increasing evidence highlighting the role of NPY in the modulation of inflammatory reaction, surprisingly little is known about the direct effects of NPY on the release of proinflammatory mediators. In the present work, we have evaluated the effects of...
Jason M Fye et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 289(16), 11556-11565 (2014-03-13)
TREX1 is a 3'-deoxyribonuclease that degrades single- and double-stranded DNA (ssDNA and dsDNA) to prevent inappropriate nucleic acid-mediated immune activation. More than 40 different disease-causing TREX1 mutations have been identified exhibiting dominant and recessive genetic phenotypes in a spectrum of...
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